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Gerard Béhague

(b Cañuelas, nr Buenos Aires, April 14, 1898; d Buenos Aires, Feb 10, 1966). Argentine musicologist and folklorist . He first studied harmony and composition with Gilardi, but soon turned exclusively to musicology. As head of musicology at the Argentine Museum of Natural Sciences (...

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John Tyrrell

(b Brno, June 30, 1898; d Brno, Nov 30, 1979). Czech musicologist and folklorist . He studied with Helfert at Brno University (1921–6), taking the doctorate with a dissertation on Rieger. Until 1928 he worked under Helfert in the music section of the Moravian Museum; he then became head of the music division of Brno Radio (...

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Viorel Cosma and Laura Otilia Vasiliu

(b Mânerău, Arad district, Dec 17, 1863; d Lugoj, Feb 7, 1931). Romanian composer, choral conductor, and folklorist. He began his musical studies at the Conservatorium der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Arad (Austro-Hungarian Empire) (1880–81), and continued them in Caransebeş (...

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Maria Domokos

(b Hetes, nr Kaposvár, April 1, 1859; d Dunavecse, nr Dunaújváros, Sept 22, 1945). Hungarian folklorist . After graduating in literature and linguistics from Budapest University (1877–84), he worked as employee and subsequently director of the stenography department of the Hungarian parliament, ...

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John Tyrrell

(b Zlín, Moravia, Dec 4, 1825; d Tsarskoye Selo [now Pushkin], 27 Jan/Feb 9, 1916). Czech musician, active in Russia . He was brought up in Vsetín, where his father obtained a teaching post in 1830, and in Brno, as a chorister of the Augustinian monastery (from ...

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Miloš Velimirović

(b Voznesensk, Kostroma province, 5/Sept 17, 1838; d Kostroma, 8/Dec 21, 1910). Russian writer on church music . Voznesensky graduated from the Kostroma Seminary in 1860 and from the Moscow Theological Academy in 1864. He served as teacher of chant in the Kostroma Seminary until ...

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(b c1730; d London, 1794). English collector and editor. He was secretary of the Noblemen’s and Gentlemen’s Catch Club from its foundation in 1761 until his death. On inheriting the estate of Edmund Horne, a Captain of Marines, he changed his name to Warren-Horne....

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Elisabeth Lebeau and Fiona Clampin

(b Guebwiller, Nov 9, 1821; d Trottberg, nr Guebwiller, May 20, 1910). French folklorist, bibliographer and composer. Destined by his father for a career in industry he studied chemistry, but in 1843 ran away to Paris to study music. He was accepted at the Conservatoire shortly thereafter despite his lack of musical training and studied composition (with Halévy), harmony and singing. After leaving the Conservatoire he earned his living by teaching music, and from ...

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Oldřich Pukl

(b Prague, Feb 13, 1862; d Prague, April 4, 1944). Czech composer and folksong collector. He studied in Prague at the conservatory (1873–8) and the organ school (1878–81) and privately with Fibich. He was organist of St Štěpán and choirmaster at the main synagogue of Prague (...

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Matt Meacham

(b Sutherland, Ashe County, NC, March 16, 1938). American Folklorist and folk music presenter. Raised in northeastern Tennessee, Wilson developed interests in the humanities and in Upland Southern musical traditions early in life. He went to Nashville in 1960 and worked in various capacities in the country music industry. Disenchanted with the commercialism of the music business he moved to Birmingham in ...

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Richard Will

(b Sedalia, MO, Aug 14, 1943; d Murfreesboro, KY, Feb 9, 2006). American music historian and folklorist. He studied English at Southwest Missouri University (BA 1965) and the University of Kansas (MA 1967, PhD 1970), and taught at Middle Tennessee State University from ...

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Albi Rosenthal

(b Berlin, Aug 1, 1877; d Berlin, Oct 26, 1930). German music collector and critic . After taking a degree at Leipzig University in jurisprudence (1899) and practising as a lawyer for some years, he studied musicology with Fleischer, Klatte, Kretzschmar and Wolf at Berlin (...

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Kenneth Elliott

(fl 1560–92). Scottish clergyman . He compiled an important set of partbooks, sometimes known as the St Andrews Psalter or ‘Thomas Wode’s Partbooks’, containing Scottish (and other) music of the 16th century. A canon of Lindores Abbey before the Reformation (1560), Wood joined the reformers, settled in St Andrews in ...

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Cynthia Adams Hoover

(b Potsdam, Germany, Nov 15, 1855; d Washington, DC, Nov 14, 1938). American collector of and dealer in keyboard instruments. His father, Christian, had a music business in Trenton, New Jersey, from c1858 to 1861, and in Washington from 1863 to 1868...

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Olga Manulkina

(b Leningrad [now St Petersburg], Nov 28, 1926). Russian composer and folksong collector. She was greatly influenced by her mother, the pianist, composer and music theorist, Nadezhda Bogolyubova. Yel′cheva studied with Sergey Vol′fenson at the Musorgsky College, Leningrad, during World War II; she then attended the Leningrad Conservatory, where she studied the piano with Aleksandr Kamensky (graduating in ...

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Robert Stevenson and Israel J. Katz

( b Dima, Durango, Dec 27, 1756; d Madrid, March 24, 1826). Basque folklorist and historian . He had his secondary education in Morúa, Alava province, where he studied music, literature and history, and perfected the Castilian language. Early in 1775 he began copying historic documents in the archives of Vitoria and in July of that year went to Madrid to train as a public notary. He worked as such at Madrid from ...

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Mariya Ivanovna Roditeleva

(b Leningrad, Feb 22, 1936). Russian ethnomusicologist and folklorist. He studied composition at the Leningrad College of Musical Education with Ustvol′skaya (diploma, 1955), and philology, folklore (with Vladimir Propp) and linguistics at Leningrad University (BA 1958). He obtained graduate degrees in ethnomusicology (...

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Barbara Krader and Zdravko Blažeković

(b Vratišinec, Međimurje, Croatia, Jan 22, 1890; d Zagreb, Dec 12, 1976). Croatian folksong collector . At Zagreb he graduated from the Theological Faculty (1914) and took a doctorate in law in 1919; he studied music privately, and until World War II practised law and published many legal studies. Subsequently he was the curator of the Zagreb Ethnographic Museum (...