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Tully Potter

(b Győr, July 4, 1921; d Grimisaut, Switzerland, Sept 4, 2003). British violinist, conductor and pedagogue of Hungarian birth. His father was his first teacher and his mother was his accompanist. At nine he had lessons from Carl Flesch and at ten made his début with Mendelssohn's E minor Concerto and was taken by Jenö Hubay into the Liszt Academy in Budapest, where he studied the violin with Ferenc Gabriel, composition with Kodály and chamber music with Leo Weiner. At 14 he began touring Europe. In 1937 he played Hubay's Third Concerto, with Ernő Dohnányi conducting, at Hubay's memorial concert. Having graduated in 1938, in 1939–43 he studied philosophy at Budapest University. During the war he also learnt conducting with Franco Ferrara. In 1947 he settled in England, taking British citizenship, but from 1956 he was based at Sion, Switzerland. Although Varga did not actually study with Hubay, in his prime he exhibited all the positive qualities of that school, never employing his considerable virtuosity for mere display. His repertory as a violinist covered the major Baroque, Classical and Romantic literature but he gained particular fame for his performances of the music of Bartók (whom he knew) and composers of the Second Viennese School. In ...

Article

Margaret Campbell

(b Koloszvár [now Cluj-Napoca], May 17, 1912; d Freilassing, Jan 7, 1997). Hungarian violinist and conductor, naturalized French . He studied at the Budapest Academy of Music from 1924 to 1930 with Hubay (violin), Leó Weiner (chamber music) and Kodály (composition). He made his début in 1931 with the Hungarian Trio, and toured Europe as a soloist. He became leader of the Hungarian Quartet on its foundation in 1935, a position he relinquished to Székely a few months later when he became second violin. Végh left the Hungarian Quartet in 1938, and in 1940 founded the Végh Quartet, which he led until 1978. He often appeared at Casals’ Prades Festival and supervised the summer courses at Zermatt held under Casals’ patronage. He also conducted the Berlin PO, the Vienna PO and from 1974 the Salzburg Camerata Academica. Végh had a distinguised career as a teacher, and held professorships at the Budapest Academy of Music (...

Article

Barry Kernfeld

[Venturo, Charles ]

(b Philadelphia, Dec 2, 1916; d Pleasantville, NJ, Jan 17, 1992). American tenor saxophonist and bandleader. Around 1934 he learned to play C-melody saxophone, and took up the alto instrument before finally settling on tenor saxophone, which he was soon playing after the manner of Chu Berry and Coleman Hawkins in jam sessions with Roy Eldridge, Dizzy Gillespie, Bill Harris (i), Vido Musso, and Buddy DeFranco. He played with Gene Krupa (1942–3) and Teddy Powell (autumn 1943 – June 1944), then worked as principal soloist in Krupa’s new trio and big band (1944–6), with which he appeared in the film George White’s Scandals (1945); while still with Krupa he also performed with Jazz at the Philharmonic early in 1945 and again in 1946. Two decades later Stan Getz recorded a sentimental parody of Ventura’s most famous solo with Krupa, Dark Eyes; it was issued and subsequently deleted from reissues when Getz protested angrily that it was meant to be a private joke only, not a public insult....

Article

D.C. Parker

(b Schaerbeek, Brussels, Aug 1, 1873; d Northfield, MN, Nov 12, 1934). Belgian violinist and conductor . He studied the violin with Hubay and Ysaÿe at the Brussels Conservatory from 1886, winning a premier prix in 1889. In 1893 he joined the Scottish Orchestra in Glasgow, becoming its leader in ...

Article

Walter Aaron Clark

(b Barcelona, Aug 10, 1836; d Barcelona, Oct 21, 1905). Spanish pianist, conductor and composer of Catalan descent. He studied with the organist and composer Vilanova at Barcelona, then continued his education in Paris with Herz (piano), and Bazin and Halévy (composition). After returning to Barcelona he gave concerts and wrote a history of music, Apuntes de historia musical, o Resumen de historia de la música (Barcelona, 1863). He was a pioneer in composing Catalan zarzuelas, and his first such work to be staged, L'ultim rey de Magnolia, to a libretto by Frederic Soler (pseud. Serafí Pitarra), was performed in Barcelona in December 1868. It was followed in June 1869 by another Catalan zarzuela to a libretto by Soler, Els pescadors de San Pol. Both were well received. He continued to compose for the stage and served as assistant conductor at a secondary theatre in Barcelona. He later became chorus master and finally conductor at the Teatro Principal. Eventually he confined himself to teaching and composition. Despite their settings, dialogue and costumes, his Catalan zarzuelas evince the influence of Italian opera so pervasive in Spain during that epoch. He was a gifted orchestrator and made effective use of colour to project dramatic situations....

Article

Adrian Jackson

[Edward Norman ]

(b Melbourne, Australia, Aug 22, 1937). Australian drummer and leader. He began playing jazz in the Melbourne area around 1958, and early in his career worked in bands led by Alan Lee, Keith Hounslow, and Brian Brown; he was a key member of Brown's bands between 1965 and 1979. In 1970 he formed a trio consisting of Bob Sedergreen and the double bass player Barry Buckley; fuelled by Vining's assertive style, this remains arguably the tightest-knit, hardest-swinging band in Australian jazz. From 1965 Vining's work in advertising took him to other cities for several lengthy periods, and his time in Brisbane (1981–6) was especially significant. He formed Musiikki-oy with several emerging talented young musicians, all of whom followed Vining when he returned to Melbourne; Musiikki-oy is a high-energy band whose performances juxtapose open improvisations and a strong rhythmic pulse. Vining was the artistic director of the Melbourne Moomba Jazz Festival from ...

Article

Jean-Pierre Amann

(b Zürich, Sept 19, 1943). Swiss conductor, composer, and violinist. After acquiring a teacher’s diploma in 1963, he completed diplomas in the violin (Berne Conservatory, 1969) and conducting (Basle Musik-Akademie, 1973), and studied composition with Klaus Huber and Robert Suter; he continued his conducting studies with Hans Swarowsky in Ossiach. After conducting several orchestras in Switzerland, he was appointed artistic director of the National Conservatory of Colombia in 1985. Between 1989 and 1992 he was principal conductor of the Antioquia SO in Medellín (Colombia) and professor of orchestral conducting at the University of Antioquia; he returned to Switzerland in 1992. His numerous awards include the Prize of the 700th Anniversary of the Swiss Confederation (1980), the Paul Gilson Grand Prix of Radio France (1993), first prize in the Colombia National Conservatory composition competition, the composition prize of the City of Berne (...

Article

Mark Miller

(b Montreal, Aug 3, 1935). Canadian pianist, bandleader, composer and arranger. He began his career during the late 1950s in Montreal dance and show bands, then for the next 30 years divided his time between jazz and studio work. In the early 1960s he was the pianist, trombonist, and arranger for the tentet led by the saxophonist Lee Gagnon, and in 1968 he formed his own big band. Vogel’s orchestra, which clearly reflects its leader’s avowed admiration for Duke Ellington, toured France in 1982 but has otherwise worked close to home; it has appeared annually at the Festival International de Jazz de Montréal, where Vogel received the Prix Oscar-Peterson in 1992. Its recordings include Le Big Band (1984, Grudge 4524) with Zoot Sims as soloist. Vogel has also recorded as an unaccompanied soloist: Piano Solo (1993, BYC 202). He arranged the music heard at the opening and closing ceremonies of the ...

Article

Viorel Cosma

(b Bucharest, Oct 8, 1925; d Bucharest, Feb 24, 1997). Romanian violinist and conductor . After showing talent as a child he was admitted in 1938 to the Bucharest Conservatory, where he studied the violin with George Enacovici; he made his début in a Bucharest radio concert in 1940. While developing his career he studied further with Enescu in 1945, and with Abram Yampol′sky and David Oistrakh at the Moscow Conservatory, 1955–7. He became a soloist of the George Enescu PO of Bucharest from 1949, and toured with the orchestra in western Europe, making his British début in 1963; he was appointed the orchestra’s artistic director from 1973. He formed the Bucharest Chamber Orchestra in 1969. As a soloist he toured North and South America, Africa and Asia as well as various European countries. He played a violin by Antonio Stradivari, and was admired for his wide range of tone, technical skill and sense of structure, although he was criticized for over-indulgence of sentiment (in Tchaikovsky’s concerto). Voicu composed virtuoso pieces for the violin, and his recordings include performances of sonatas by Enescu and Ysaÿe (with Victoria Stefănescu). He gave masterclasses throughout the world and sat on the juries of many international competitions....

Article

Michael H.S. van Eekeren

(b Benningbroek, 1938). Dutch composer, conductor and pianist, active in Great Britain. He studied the piano with Else Krijgsoman, music theory with Anthon van der Horst and Jan Felderhof, and composition with Ton de Leeuw at Amsterdam Conservatory (1960–67). He also studied sonology with Koenig at the University of Utrecht. He has conducted several choirs, ensembles and orchestras which perform either music from antiquity or contemporary works. In 1965 he founded the well-known ASKO Ensemble. Awarded the composition prize of the Amsterdam Conservatory in 1967, he then received a grant to study in Paris; there Xenakis became an important inspiration.

In 1970 he won the Gaudeamus composition prize for Huantan. He studied mathematics and related natural sciences, with a view to applying them in musical composition. This led to his multi-layered, atonal and complex musical style, of which Vectorial (1983, revised 1987) is a good example. ...