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Géza Gábor Simon

[György ]

(b Budapest, Aug 21, 1941). Hungarian pianist, composer, arranger, and bandleader. Following a successful performance with Clark Terry at the Montreux International Festival in 1969 he played in his own groups and with leading Hungarian musicians. In 1981 he founded the Super Trio, and in 1986 the Creative Art Ensemble (CAE), combining the 22-piece Budapest Brass Ensemble with the Super Trio. In 1990 he formed the CAE Trio with Balázs Berkes on double bass and Elemér Balázs on drums. He made his first recording as an unaccompanied pianist in 1992, playing ragtime pieces from the era of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy.


T. Brown

(b Leicester, Sept 23, 1904; d Toronto, Jan 3, 1966). Canadian conductor, violinist and music administrator . He was the pioneer of music broadcasting in Canada. He began to study the violin at the age of seven in Lethbridge, Alberta, where his family had settled in 1907. In 1921 he toured Canada as a soloist, then studied with Healey Willan, Luigi von Kunitz and Leo Smith at the Toronto Conservatory. From 1922 to 1926 he taught there and was a member of the Toronto SO. In 1925 he was appointed music director of the Toronto radio station CKNC, and in 1933 became music director of the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, forerunner of the CBC. Through hundreds of broadcasts he had become the most widely known conductor in Canada, and from 1936 he pursued a freelance career.

In 1947 he was appointed music adviser to the CBC and organized the CBC Opera Company. As CBC director of music from ...


[James F. ]

(b Jacksonville, IL, c1895; d Chicago, Oct 12, 1933). American trumpeter, pianist, and bandleader. After leading his own band at Queen’s Hall, Chicago (c1916), he spent several years as the music director of the band that accompanied Lucille Hegamin, working in Seattle and New York. He left in the early 1920s and returned to Chicago, where he played with Doc Cook. Later he formed his own band, which included Eddie South and Teddy Weatherford. The group held many residencies in Chicago and also performed in New York at the Savoy Ballroom (1926) and the Club Alabam (1927). Among its recordings are Someday Sweetheart/Mobile Blues (1923, Para. 20295), the latter of which offers a particularly good example of Wade’s solo trumpet playing. South acted as director of the band during the mid-1920s. Later in the decade Wade worked occasionally as a sideman with other leaders. After ...


Herbert Antcliffe

revised by Barbara A. Renton

(b Arnhem, July 18, 1894; d York, ME, May 19, 1971). American composer, conductor and violinist of Dutch origin. He studied for five years at Utrecht University, where he was a pupil of Gerard Veerman (violin), Lucie Veerman-Bekker (piano) and Johan Wagenaar (composition). He began his career teaching and conducting in various Dutch towns from 1914 until 1920, when he moved to the USA (he took American citizenship in 1927). After a period as a violinist in the New York PO (1921–3) he taught fugue, orchestration and composition at the Institute of Musical Art (later the Juilliard School, 1925–68); among his pupils were Druckman, Schuman and Siegmeister. The first performance of his Symphony no.1 by the New York PO under Mengelberg (1928) marked the beginning of a public career during which Wagenaar received many awards and commissions. Of the latter, the most notable came from the Netherland America Foundation for the ...


(b Strasbourg, Dec 9, 1837; d Paris, Feb 12, 1915). French composer, pianist and conductor. His father Louis (1801–84) and brother Léon (1832–84) were violinists and dance composers, and his Bavarian mother was a pianist. In 1842 the family moved to Paris, where his father's dance orchestra gained prominence in Society circles. Emile studied the piano with his mother and Joseph Heyberger, and in December 1853 he was formally admitted to the Conservatoire in Adolphe Laurent's piano class, where his fellow students included Massenet. For a time he earned a living testing pianos for the manufacturer Scholtus, besides giving piano lessons and playing at soirées. He was appointed court pianist to Napoléon III in 1865 and conductor of the state balls the following year, directing the music in the Tuileries, at Biarritz and at Compiègne. He took part in the war of 1870–71 as a volunteer and in ...


Jeannie Gayle Pool

(b Napa, CA, 10 April 1945; d Reno, NV, 30 Nov 2006). American film and television composer, orchestrator, arranger, pianist, and conductor. She began composing at an early age and appeared as a pianist with the San Francisco and Oakland symphonies. Walker attended San Francisco State University, studying with Roger Nixon (composition) and Harold Logan (piano).

After a decade of writing jingles and music for industrial films, she began her career in film in 1979 playing synthesizer on Carmine Coppola’s score for Apocalypse Now and writing additional music for The Black Stallion. After writing music for two ‘Lou Grant’ television episodes, she began orchestrating feature films, often conducting the scoring sessions, including scores for Danny Elfman, Hans Zimmer, and others.

Walker earned her first Hollywood composition credit for John Carpenter’s Memoirs of an Invisible Man (1992), followed by numerous other films, television shows, and documentaries, particularly in Action-Adventure and Animation. Serving as supervisory composer for several television series, she also composed themes for ‘The New Batman Adventures’, ‘Growing Pains’, and ‘Superman: The Last Son of Krypton’ (...


Shirley Walker.

The Film Music Society.


Martin Bernheimer

(b Chicago, Oct 7, 1898; d New York, Feb 8, 1983). American conductor and cellist . Educated in Los Angeles, he played in various theatre orchestras before joining the cello section of the San Francisco SO at the age of 17. After moving to the Los Angeles PO (1919), he studied medicine in Leipzig as well as the cello with Julius Klengel. He was principal cellist with the Chicago SO (1922–9) and the New York PO under Toscanini (1929–36). He conducted his first orchestral concert for a New York broadcast in 1931, and formed the Wallenstein Sinfonietta two years later. Returning to Los Angeles in 1943, he became musical director of the Los Angeles PO, a post he held with authority and distinction until 1956. He was active in numerous educational projects, and served as musical director for the radio station WOR in New York. He joined the faculty of the Juilliard School of Music in New York in ...


Alyn Shipton and Bill Dobbins

[Thomas Wright]

(b New York, May 21, 1904; d Kansas City, MO, Dec 15, 1943). American jazz and popular pianist, organist, singer, bandleader and composer.

Alyn Shipton

His father Edward Waller, a Baptist lay preacher, conducted open air religious services in Harlem, at which as a child Fats Waller played the reed organ. He played the piano at his public school and at the age of 15 became organist at the Lincoln Theatre on 135th Street. His father hoped that Waller would follow a religious calling rather than a career in jazz, but after the death of his mother, Adeline Waller, in 1920 he moved in with the family of the fellow African American pianist Russell Brooks. Through Brooks, Waller met James P. Johnson, under whose tutelage he developed as a pianist, and through whose influence he came to make piano rolls, starting in 1922 with Got to cool my doggies now...


George Grove

revised by David Charlton

(b Grossleesen, nr Danzig, June 17, 1822; d Sondershausen, Dec 13, 1896). German violinist, conductor and writer on music . He received his early musical education at home, and on 3 April 1843 became one of the first pupils of the Leipzig Conservatory, where his teachers were Mendelssohn, Hauptmann and David. After graduating in 1846 he played first violin in the Leipzig Gewandhaus, various theatre orchestras and in the Euterpe concerts. Following concert tours and a period in Halle playing under Robert Franz, in 1850 he went at Schumann's invitation to Düsseldorf, where he worked as a violinist and teacher, also becoming a family friend of the Schumanns and personal assistant and amanuensis to the composer. In May 1852 he moved to Bonn and conducted the recently founded Concordia choral society and later the Beethovenverein. Three years later he found a more advantageous position at Dresden, and began to concentrate on music research, without however giving up playing and teaching. He published music criticism in the ...