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Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Kito  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Whistle of the Luba people of Shaba province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made of animal horn, 8 to 10 cm long, and used in hunting. Magical materials are placed inside the horn to protect or assist the hunter. On discovering the tracks of an antelope, the hunter blows his whistle, imitating the sound of the fawn....

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Konko  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Kóombo  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Koondé  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

K.A. Gourlay

revised by Ferdinand J. de Hen

Ground bow of the Gbaya-Bokoto of the Central African Republic. A pit about 20 cm deep and 25 to 30 cm in diameter is dug in the ground, and a pliant stick, more than 1 metre long, is fixed in the ground about 1 metre away from it. A strong string about 80 cm long is attached to the upper end of the stick, which is bent so that the string descends perpendicularly to the pit. The string passes through a small hole in the bottom of an empty tin can and is knotted inside. The tin is placed open-end downwards in the pit and kept in position by the soles of the player’s feet as he sits on the ground with the string in front of him. The string is struck with the index finger of the right hand and stopped at the upper end by gripping it between the thumb and index finger of the left....

Article

Kpingbi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Kpolo  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Kudu  

K.A. Gourlay

revised by Ferdinand J. de Hen

[rapapa, baku]

Bowl lyre of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The term kudu is used by the Mundo and rapapa by the Bari; elsewhere in this area the instrument is called baku. It is found only in a small part of the DRC adjoining Uganda. As the instrument resembles the Ugandan bowl lyre in almost all respects, it may be considered part of the same complex. The roughly oval, concave soundbox can be of wood or (among the Bari) tortoise shell; when it is of wood the soundtable is made of antelope skin or (among the Logo) elephant’s ear. The instruments, 40 to 50 cm long, have arms of equal length and five to seven cowhide strings. The Hima and Mundo bowl lyres have a bridge on the soundtable, which is of antelope or reptile (snake or varan) skin. This bridge is not found on bowl lyres of the Zande and Mangbetu....

Article

Kundi  

K.A. Gourlay

revised by Ferdinand J. de Hen

[nkundi, kunda, kundu, kondu, komba]

Arched harp of the northeastern and northwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo and of associated peoples of the Central African Republic, including the Nzakara and Sabanga. It is akin to the ngombi of Gabon. The instrument has a carved wooden soundbox, soundtable of snakeskin, antelope, buffalo (rarely), or elephant ear skin, and a wooden or ivory neck inserted into one end of the soundbox. The neck can be angled or gently arched (in the northwest a more angular harp is usual). Most instruments have five strings traditionally made from vegetable fibre, though the versions played by the Bale, Bajanje, and Hima have seven. Each string is attached to a tuning peg in the neck at the upper end and passes through a hole in the soundtable to be secured to a small piece of wood beneath the table. Although organologists may differentiate the instruments according to the shape of the soundbox, this distinction is not reflected in local terminology. The term ...

Article

Kyondo  

J. Gansemans, K.A. Gourlay and Ferdinand J. de Hen

[kiondo]

Cylindrical slit drum of the Luba, Kamfwa, Mwanza, Bangubangu, Holoholo, and Sampwe peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made from a hollowed log 50 to 60 cm long and 15 to 20 cm in diameter. Other names reported for slit drums of this size in the DRC are yondo (Vira people), tsh(i)ondo (Bangubangu) and eshiondo (Luba). Two square holes linked by a slit are cut in the upper part, and the sides of the opening are so carved that each has a different thickness, producing two tones at an interval of a 2nd or a 3rd. The side giving the higher pitch is called didimba dilume (‘male side’), the other didimba dikasi (‘female side’). The drum is struck with two rubber-tipped beaters. It has three functions: to transmit messages in and around the village; to attract the attention of spirits and bring luck to the players of the men’s game ...

Article

Article

Ligubhu  

[ligubo]

Unbraced gourd-resonated musical bow of the Swazi people of Swaziland and South Africa. It is similar in construction and use to the Zulu ugubhu, but the two fundamental pitches, open and stopped, are often a whole tone apart (as with the Xhosa uhadi) rather than a semitone, and a wire string is used. The ...

Article

Likimbi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Lobiko  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

[lofonde, lofonono, loforongo]

Vessel flute of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made of a dried fruit shell. Among the Kusu, Mbole, and Ngombe Ndoko peoples it has four fingerholes; among the Kutu it has three or four; and among the Nkundo two or four.

J. Gansemans and others: Zentralafrika (Leipzig, 1986), 152–3....

Article

Lokole  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

[lukulu]

General term for a cylindrical slit drum among the Mongo, Doko, Nkundo, Kota, Mbole, and Yela peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The word ‘lokole’ means slit or hollow. Amongst the northern and north-western peoples of the DRC the term denotes a trapezoidal slit drum.

J.S. Laurenty: Les tambours à fente de l’Afrique centrale...

Article

Lomeka  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Longa  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Clapperless iron double bell of southern and central Africa. It was reported in Angola by Girolamo Merolla da Sorrento in Breve e succinita relatione del viaggio nel regno di Congo … 1684–1688 (Naples, 1692) and by Giovanni Antonio Cavazzi in Istorica descrizione de tre Regni Congo, Matamba et Angola...