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Kirk MacKenzie

(b Osnabrück, April 8, 1946). Canadian composer, teacher and soundscape researcher, of German origin. She emigrated to Canada in 1968 and settled in Vancouver where she studied at the University of British Columbia (BMus 1972) and at the Department of Communication, Simon Fraser University (MA ...

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Charlotte Erwin

(b Gleiwitz, upper Silesia [now Gliwice, Poland], Feb 26, 1875; d Erfurt, Jan 16, 1935). German composer and teacher. He studied at the Leipzig Conservatory but soon moved to Munich, where he studied privately with Thuille (1899–1900) and attended lectures at the university. After two years as Kapellmeister in the theatres of Stralsund and Barmen he returned to Leipzig. In ...

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Buell E. Cobb and Harry Eskew

(b nr Spartanburg, SC, Sept 20, 1800; dAtlanta, GA, Dec 5, 1879). American singing- school teacher, composer and tune book compiler (seeShape-note hymnody, §2). A self-taught musician, he wrote three-part tunes using four-shape notation. In collaboration with Elisha J. King he published ...

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Marcel Joly and Barry Kernfeld

(b New Orleans, Nov 29, 1954). American clarinetist. He was an undergraduate at Xavier University, pursued graduate studies in Spanish at Tulane University (MA 1979, PhD 1984), and then joined the faculty at Xavier, where he was a professor of Spanish and also taught African-American music. He first played jazz with Doc Paulin’s brass band in ...

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Graham George and Kelly Rice

(b Peterborough, July 10, 1887; d Amherst, NS, April 1, 1974). Canadian organist, choir director, composer and teacher of English birth. Taught by C.C. Francis and Haydn Keeton, both of Peterborough Cathedral, and later by A.E. Hull, he moved in 1912 to Canada, where his chief posts were at St Peter’s, Sherbrooke (...

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Mary Robb

(b Illinois, Aug 27, 1881; d Dec 10, 1956, San Mateo, CA). American piano educator and writer. Whiteside received her earliest education at a public school in Vermillion, South Dakota. She majored in music at the University of South Dakota, graduating with highest honors in ...

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N. Lee Orr

(b Woodstock, VT, June 4, 1842; d Brattleboro, VT, d Aug 3, 1914). American organist. After studying organ with local teachers he became a student of John Knowles Paine in Boston and later taught organ at the New England Conservatory. In 1871 he became organist/choirmaster at the Church of the Advent in Boston, working for 26 years as one of the early advocates of the choral excellence and liturgical propriety exemplified by the growing Oxford Movement in England. He also led one of the first boy choirs in the United States and established one of the first English Cathedral Services in this country. With J. C. D. Parker and others he founded and directed the Massachusetts Choir Festival Association and led many choral festivals throughout New England. Along with Dudley Buck and Paine he was among the first organists to introduce the organ works of Bach to American audiences. He was also a founder of the American Guild of Organists....

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Elaine Moohan

(b Horn, nr Hamburg, Sept 13, 1836; d Horn, March 19, 1906). German teacher and composer . She worked in Hamburg and in Manchester, where Slater’s Directory lists her (1887–96) as a teacher of singing, music and harmony; she returned to Hamburg in ...

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(b Zwickau, June 17, 1951). German musicologist. He completed his first degree in musicology in 1974 at the Humboldt University, Berlin, where he worked as an assistant and took the doctorate in 1980. In 1983 he founded the Forschungszentrum Populärer Musik at the Humboldt University and completed the DSc in ...

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Jocelyn Mackey

(b Schwäbisch Hall, bap. Sept 15, 1572; d Rothenburg ob der Tauber, Oct 31, 1634). German composer, organist, instrumentalist, teacher and poet.

Widmann came of a well-educated family. The Lateinschule at Schwäbisch Hall provided a good musical training in the 1580s under Johannes Crusius, and young Widmann ‘sang a good discant’ there and learnt to play the organ, harpsichord, lute, zither, viol, flute and trombone. On ...

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Gerard Béhague

(b Aarau, April 25, 1927; d Aarau, Jan 3, 1990). Brazilian composer and teacher of Swiss birth. He studied with Burkhard, Frey and Hoerler at the Zurich Conservatory, graduating in composition, piano and music education in 1950. After working as a private teacher and choral conductor in Switzerland he went to Salvador, Bahia, in ...

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Félix Raugel and Andrew Thomson

(b Lyons, Feb 21, 1844; d Paris, March 12, 1937). French organist, composer and teacher known primarily for his organ symphonies.

His mother was of Italian ancestry, and his paternal grandfather was an organ builder of Hungarian descent; his father was both an organ builder and performer who gave Widor his first lessons. The boy showed great ability and at the age of 11 became the organist at the lycée in Lyons. Upon the recommendation of Cavaillé-Coll, Widor went to Brussels, where he studied composition with Fétis and the organ with J.-N. Lemmens. Lemmens, who was the most recent member of a line of teachers connected directly to Bach, taught him traditional German interpretations of Bach to which he remained loyal for the rest of his life. He played the organ at St François in Lyons from ...

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(b Hamburg, Oct 3, 1720; d Norden, Ostfriesland, Jan 14, 1800). German teacher. Born into a family of musicians, he was taught music by his father, Matthias Christoph Wiedeburg (b Berlin, 1 March 1690; d Altona, 17 Jan 1745), who from ...

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Alena Němcová

(b Ivanovice na Hané, Nov 10, 1883; d Prague, Nov 5, 1951). Czech organist and composer. He studied at the theological faculty in Olomouc (1904–8), occasionally deputizing for the organist or the conductor of the choir at Olomouc Cathedral. He abandoned his theological studies to concentrate on music and studied the organ at the Prague Conservatory with Josef Klička (until ...

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Barbara Chmara-Żackiewicz

(b St Petersburg, Jan 8, 1850; d St Petersburg, March 15, 1911). Polish cellist and teacher . He studied in Warsaw, and at the Conservatory in St Petersburg in the class of Karl Davïdov. In 1877 he succeeded Davïdov as concertmaster of the Italian Opera in St Petersburg, and in about ...

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Michal Ben-Zur

(b Tel-Aviv, Jan 9, 1927). Israeli cellist and teacher. He studied at the academies in Jerusalem and Tel-Aviv, at the Juilliard School in New York and with Pablo Casals. In 1953 he won the Piatigorsky Prize, and he also won prizes in the International Cello Competition in Moscow and the Pablo Casals International Competition in Israel. Wiesel was the first to perform the full cycle of Bach's cello suites in Israel, as well as concertos by Berio, Ligeti and Lutosławski. As dedicatee he has given the first performances and made recordings of concertos and pieces for unaccompanied cello by many Israeli composers. Wiesel was also a founder member of the Tel-Aviv String Quartet (...

Article

Rolf Haglund

(b Buvika, nr Trondheim, Norway, June 13, 1927). Swedish pedagogue, administrator and composer. As well as studying the piano with G. Boon and H. Leygraf and composition with Blomdahl, he completed a business course, and composing has always taken second place to his administrative work. Up until ...

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Miroslav K. Černý

(b Police u Broumova, north-east Bohemia, June 5, 1855; d Prague, May 1, 1920). Czech cellist and teacher . At the Prague Conservatory he was a pupil of František Hegenbarth whom he succeeded in 1888 as professor of cello and chamber music. Previously, Wihan had been a member of orchestras in Nice, Prague, Berlin, Sondershausen and Munich, and he finished his training under Karl Davïdov, whose methods formed the basis of his own teaching. Having taught the players of the Czech Quartet, which he founded, he took the place of his dying pupil Otto Berger in it, and remained a member of the quartet for 20 years, throughout its most glorious period. Having retired in ...

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David Cope and Anders Tobiason

(b Caterham, Surrey, England, Oct 9, 1922; d Kewaunee, WI, Aug 24, 2001). American composer, photographer, and digital artist of English birth. He attended the Juilliard School (1947–9) and studied composition privately with Jerzy Fitelberg; at the New England Conservatory (BM ...

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(b Paris, Dec 18, 1781; d Paris, April 26, 1842). French teacher . He was the originator of a system of teaching sight-singing to classes of adults and children which in 1840 was adapted by John Hullah for English use. He was the son of an army officer and after a short period as an army cadet was admitted to the Paris Conservatoire in ...