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John Bourgeois

(b Wasco, OR, March 8, 1925).American music educator and conductor. She studied at the University of Oregon (BA 1948, ME 1953). She married Al Wright in 1953. As a teaching band director she led the high school bands of Elmira, Oregon (...

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Jamie C. Kassler

(b Stockton-on-Tees, Sept 18, 1763; d Wycliffe Rectory, nr Barnard Castle, Nov 24, 1829). English musician and inventor . Wright was instructed in music by his father, Robert, by John Garth and, as an articled apprentice, by Thomas Ebdon. On expiration of his articles about ...

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Joseph S.C. Lam

(b 1907; d 1987). Chinese qin zither master . Brought up in Changshu city, Jiangsu province, he first learnt to play the pipa lute, xiao flute and other instruments of the local sizhu (silk-and-bamboo) ensemble music. Around 1930 he began to devote himself to ...

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Rudolf Klein and Martin Elste

(b Vienna, June 29, 1900; d Mannheim, Dec 27, 1975). Austrian pianist and teacher . At the Vienna Music Academy (1915–20) he studied the piano with Franz Schmidt, music theory and composition with Joseph Marx, and conducting with Ferdinand Löwe. He also studied law and musicology at the University of Vienna. In ...

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Gaynor G. Jones and Bernd Wiechert

(b Münster, Aug 19, 1858; d Kiel, March 19, 1938). German baritone, reciter and actor , son of Franz Wüllner. He studied the violin and the piano at an early age and sang at the Maximilian Gymnasium in Munich. From 1876 to 1880 he studied German philology at the universities of Munich and Berlin and in ...

Article

George Gelles

(b Reading, PA, Dec 31, 1899; d San Francisco, Sept 6, 1977). American flautist . He began studying the violin at the age of nine and took up the flute at 15, learning first with André Maquarre, then with Georges Barrère. In 1924 he joined the Detroit SO and remained there until ...

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Jere T. Humphreys

(b Morgantown, WV, May 19, 1949). American saxophonist and teacher. He studied at West Virginia University (BME 1971) and Northwestern University (MM 1974, DM 1985). He taught at Arizona State University (1975–2007), where he served as chair of the Music Performance Division for six years and as a member of the Honors Disciplinary Faculty of Barrett Honors College (...

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Evi Nika-Sampson

(b Piraeus, June 18, 1950). Greek composer and educator. He studied literature, history of art, and composition with Y. A. Papaioannou and electronic music with M. Adamis in Athens. In 1979 he continued his studies in France, attending the graduate class of Iannis Xenakis and seminars of music informatics at G.R.M. (Groupe de Recherches Musicales ...

Article

Lana Paćuka

(b Tbilisi, Georgia, April 12, 1947). Russian cellist and music pedagogue , who established the Bosnian and Herzegovinian cello school. His propensity for music was shown in childhood, and his first musical training was given by his mother, the pianist Maria Rahmanina von Hohenzollern. He finished his primary and secondary cello education from ...

Article

Barbara Mittler

(b mainland China, 1906; d 1985). Chinese composer and teacher resident in Taiwan. In the late 1930s he studied music and theory in Japan; after working as a music teacher in Guangxi and Fujian, he moved to Taiwan in 1946. There he helped to establish the music department at Taiwan Normal University, devoting his attentions more to musicology and teaching than to composition. In a period when concert performances were rare and only included music by foreign composers, Xiao introduced his students to the works of mainland Chinese composers such as Huang Zi, Chen Tianhe, Liu Xue′an, Lin Shengshi and Zhao Yuanren. This exposure encouraged his students, including such important Taiwanese composers as Hsu Tsang-houei and Ma Shuilong, to compose in the new Chinese art music style. Xiao himself wrote mainly vocal music in the prevailing ‘pentatonic Romantic’ style, combining Western tonal harmony with Chinese pentatonic melodies. Some of his songs, such as his famous ...

Article

I.M. Yampol′sky

(b Yekaterinoslav [now Dnepropetrovsk], Oct 11, 1890; d Moscow, Aug 17, 1956). Ukrainian violinist and teacher . He studied the violin with Sergey Korguyev at the St Petersburg Conservatory, and also studied composition with Nikolay Sokolov, Jāzeps Vītols and Maximilian Steinberg. In 1920 he moved to Moscow and was assistant leader of the Bol′shoy Theatre orchestra. In ...

Article

Lev Ginzburg and Lyudmila Korabel′nikova

(b Kiev, 8/Nov 21, 1905; d Moscow, Sept 20, 1976). Russian musicologist, violinist and teacher . Son of the cellist Mark Il′ich Yampol′sky (1879–1951), he studied at the Moscow Conservatory and in 1930 graduated from the violin class of his uncle, Abram Il′ich Yampol′sky. He took the ...

Article

Joyce Lindorff

(b Qingmuguan, nr Chongqing, Sichuan, April 30, 1942). Chinese composer and writer on music. He studied composition at the conservatories of Shenyang and Shanghai, from where he gained the MA. In 1980 Yang was the first Chinese composer to be sent abroad for study after the Cultural Revolution, taking courses in composition and the piano at the Hochschule für Musik in Hanover and graduating with honours. He became a teacher at the Shanghai Conservatory on his return to China in ...

Article

Jere T. Humphreys

(b Waycross, GA, Feb 8, 1940). American music educator and scholar. She received music education degrees from Stetson University (BME 1962) and Florida State University (MME 1968, PhD 1973). She was a high school choral director in Georgia (1962–70) and on the music education faculty at Syracuse University (...

Article

Masakata Kanazawa

(b Hyōgo, Feb 24, 1922; d Tokyo, July 12, 1996). Japanese pianist and teacher. While a baby she was taken to Paris and brought up there. At the age of ten she was admitted to the Paris Conservatoire and studied with Lazare Levy, receiving the ...

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Tat′yana S. Kyuregyan

(b Kharkov, 10/June 22, 1877; d Saratov, Nov 26, 1942). Russian musicologist, music educator and pianist of Polish descent . He graduated from the Kiev College of Music, having specialized in the piano with Pukhal′sky (1894–8); he also studied mathematics at Kiev University, ...

Article

Ye Dong  

Su Zheng

(b Shanghai, July 21, 1930; d Shanghai, July 12, 1989). Chinese musicologist . He studied composition and music theory at the Shanghai Conservatory of Music under Ding Shande, Deng Erjing and Sang Tong; after graduating he joined the faculty there in 1956. He became vice-chair of the Department of Chinese Composition, and director of the Chinese Music Research programme in the conservatory’s Music Research Institute. His ...

Article

See Liszt, Franz

Article

Svetlana Sarkisyan

(b Blur, Turkey, 25 Nov/Dec 8, 1908; d Yerevan, Nov 4, 1988). Armenian composer and teacher. He moved to Yerevan in 1918 but later went to study in Moscow at the music college and the conservatory with Glière, Myaskovsky and Shebalin (...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b Boston, Dec 14, 1924; d Oct 24, 2005). American musicologist . He was educated at Harvard, studying with Piston, Milhaud, Davison, Gombosi, A.T. Merritt and J.M. Ward; he received the AB in 1949, the AM in 1952 and the PhD in 1957. From ...