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Viorel Cosma and Ruxandra Arzoiu

(b Roman, July 14, 1883; d Sibiu, March 23, 1946). Romanian composer, musicologist, and teacher. He was a Romantic composer and a representative of the national Romanian school (through language and ethos). He studied at the Iaşi Conservatory (1902–5) with G. Musicescu, T. Cerne (harmony), and E. Mezzetti (singing), and then took composition lessons with C. Gatti at the Milan Conservatory (...

Article

Stana Duric-Klajn

(b Belgrade, May 25, 1901; d Belgrade, June 29, 1964). Serbian composer, musicologist, teacher and conductor. He studied at the Stanković Music School in Belgrade, where he also graduated in law in 1924; his composition studies were continued with Grabner at the Leipzig Conservatory (...

Article

Melita Milin

(b Split, May 3, 1935). Serbian composer. She studied composition with Rajičić at the Belgrade Academy of Music (graduation, 1964) and later studied with Messiaen and Boulanger in Paris (1967–8). She was appointed professor of theory at Belgrade, and has published essays on harmony and counterpoint as well as analytical studies of works by 20th-century Serbian composers. Her early compositions include neo-Baroque features, though their atonal language is also to some extent Expressionist. Later works, such as ...

Article

Angelina Petrova

(b Ruse, Bulgaria, April 23, 1905; d Sofia, Bulgaria, March 29, 1977). Bulgarian composer and voice pedagogue. In his endeavour to create a pronouncedly Bulgarian vocal colour he composed some of the most popular works in Bulgaria during the 1930s and 1940s. Among others, ‘Sevdana’ and ‘Pastoral’ deserve a special mention....

Article

Lada Duraković

(b Sovinjak, nr Buzet, June 1, 1910; d Pula, Oct 27, 1993). Croatian conductor, composer, and musical pedagogue. He received the degree in composition in 1934 at the Music Academy in Zagreb. Until 1941 he worked as city kapelmaster and director of the Music School in Sušak. From ...

Article

Dimitrije Bužarovski

(b Veles, March 29, 1934; d Skopje, Jan 14, 2000). Macedonian composer and educator. His compositions are among the first large-scale orchestral works (Sinfonietta in Es, Sinfonietta in Si, and Fantasia corale) which, in the 1950s and 1960s, moved Macedonian music toward the contemporary occidental music styles. Both his compositional and educational activities essentially influenced the developement of Macedonian music at the end of the 20th century....

Article

Lyudmila Kovnatskaya

(b Taganrog, 24 Feb/March 7, 1872 (?1873); d Moscow, May 25, 1964). Russian composer and teacher. He was the son of an employee from the Taganrog Tobacco Factory. In Rostov-on-Don in 1883 he was elected by the commission for the Court Cappella Choristers to sing in the boys’ choir. He studied with Balakirev and Lyadov at the court chapel in St Petersburg, where his gifts as a composer became apparent (under the influence of Balakirev, with whom he studied composition from ...

Article

Yelena Zin′kevich

(b Goloskovo, Nikolayev province, March 2, 1953). Ukrainian composer. He studied at the Gnesin Music College in Moscow (1969–71), then at Kiev Conservatory (the bayan with V.V. Besfail′ny, composition with Skoryk and conducting with Viktor Gnedash, graduating 1976–9). From 1976...

Article

Grigory L′vovich Golovinsky

(b Brailov, Ukraine, Oct 6, 1903; d Moscow, Sept 30, 1988). Russian musicologist and teacher. He graduated from the Kiev Conservatory, having studied the piano with Boleslav Yavorsky, Felix Blumenfeld and Grigory Kogan, and music theory with Yavorsky and A.A Al′shvang. From 1923 to 1926...

Article

Marcia J. Citron

(b Stuttgart, Dec 9, 1796; d Stuttgart, Aug 1, 1857). German composer, pianist, singer and teacher . The youngest of seven children born to the composer Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg, she studied the piano with Schlick and theory with Wilhelm Sutor. Gifted with a fine alto voice, she was soon singing and performing on the piano (e.g. at the Stuttgart Museumskonzerte). As an adult Zumsteeg mixed with leading musicians and poets. The literary ties reflected her interest in the lied, which formed the basis of her creative reputation. She also wrote several piano works, such as the early ...

Article

Barbara A. Peterson and Theresa Koenig

(b Pittsburgh, PA, Nov 14, 1932). American Composer. He studied with Vincent Persichetti at the Juilliard School (BS 1956, BM 1957). He received a Fulbright grant that enabled him to study with Karl Schiske at the Vienna Academy of Music (1958–9...

Article

John Warrack

(b Livonia, Nov 10, 1854; d Steyning, Sussex, Dec 9, 1931). German tenor and teacher . He studied at the Berlin Hochschule, then with Julius Stockhausen in Frankfurt and with Romain Bussine in Paris. This was followed by a special course of study of Schumann's and Schubert's songs with Clara Schumann. He first sang in London in ...

Article

Miroslav K. Černý and Jitka Ludvová

(b Kublov, nr Beroun, Bohemia, Jan 22, 1824; d Prague, Nov 23, 1865). Czech writer on music, teacher and composer . He completed his early schooling through the help of a priest, who also instructed him in music theory. Having concluded his studies with Pitsch at the organ school in Prague, he became an assistant there, teaching plainsong as well as the organ, and later served briefly as the school's director. In ...

Article

Jacqueline Avila

(b Mexico City, June 21, 1956). American composer and professor, born in Mexico. Zyman began his training in Mexico City, where he studied with flutist Héctor Jaramillo and pianist José Calatayud. He later studied piano and conducting at the Conservatorio Nacional de Música del INBA and composition with Humberto Hernández Medrano, earning a diploma in piano performance in ...

Article

Zofia Chechlińska

(b Bohemia, May 13, 1756; d Warsaw, Feb 21, 1842). Polish piano teacher and composer of Bohemian origin. He studied the violin, the piano, harmony and counterpoint with Jan Kuchař in Bohemia, where his earliest compositions were also written. After a probable stay in Stuttgart and Zweibrücken, he arrived in Poland some time during the reign of Stanisław August (...