21-40 of 562 results  for:

  • Membranophones (Stretched Membrane Percussion) x
Clear all

Article

Akama  

Single-headed drum of the Igbo people of Nigeria.

Article

Akanono  

Single-headed conical drum of the Lala people of Zambia. It is beaten by hand, by a male performer, and usually played in conjunction with the cimbulunge and fwanda-fwanda drums.

See also Cimbulunge ; Fwanda-fwanda .

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Long drum of the Alur people of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The single lizard-skin head is glued to the narrow wooden body and is beaten by hand. It is used in witchcraft ceremonies.

O. Boone: Les tambours du Congo belge et due Ruanda-Urundi...

Article

Term of the Igbo people of Nigeria for clappers or a single-headed drum.

Article

Akpossi  

Drum of the Nago people of Benin.

Article

Alindi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Double-headed drum of the Komo and Lega peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is conical, 40 to 50 cm tall, head diameter 25 to 30 cm, foot diameter 10 to 20 cm. The wild-goat-skin heads are laced together in a V pattern and the upper head is beaten with a stick in one hand and also by the other hand. It is used only to accompany dances....

Article

Allun  

Frame drum of the Berber people, particularly of Morocco (the High Atlas). Its width varies from 40 to 75 cm and its depth from 8 to 15 cm. It is similar to the bendīr, but usually has no snares.

B. Lortat-Jacob: Musique et fêtes au Haut-Atlas...

Article

Alastair Dick

The old South Indian Tamil name for a double-headed hourglass drum. Its name appears to derive from the Sanskrit āmanrikā (‘summoning’). The drum was held in the right hand and played with the left. It was covered with cowhide and has been equated with the ...

Article

Amor  

F.J. de Hen

Drum of the Alur of eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, reserved for the use of the king. The two cowhide heads are laced together with leather thongs on the wooden shell. It is beaten with two sticks, or by two men each beating one head with two sticks. (...

Article

Amponga  

Generic term current in Madagascar for percussion instruments. It includes cylindrical drums such as amponga ntaolo (‘ancestors’ drum’) and the ground zither amponga tany (‘earthen drum’).

Article

Natalie M. Webber

Double-headed cylindrical drum of Sri Lanka, now rare. It is a small version of the daula, about 30 cm long and beaten with one hand and a stick. It was used to play ana-bera, a drum pattern played by a public crier to draw attention to a proclamation about to be made. As late as the 1980s the services of a crier were still occasionally needed in villages, when the ...

Article

J. Richard Haefer

Term for a kettledrum among the Chiriguano (Chawuncu) people of Argentina and Bolivia. It probably originated by covering a food-preparation mortar (angúa) with a hide head. It was reported early in the 20th century as a water drum. A larger version is called ...

Article

Hand drum of Ghana.

Article

Apinti  

J. Richard Haefer

Single-headed conical drum of Ashanti origin, used by Maroon groups and rural and urban black Surinamese people. It is about 35 cm tall with a diameter of 12 cm at the head and 6 cm at the foot. The tanned-hide head is held on a hoop with cord lacing and is struck by bare hands. Larger versions (up to 70 cm) were used in the past. Nowadays a commercial conga drum may be substituted....

Article

Arbana  

Pribislav Pitoëff

Frame drum of the Māppila (Muslims) of Kerala, south India. The jackwood frame, in which are affixed five sets of little cymbals (each consisting of two to four iron or brass discs), measures 25 cm in diameter and 5.5 cm deep and is reinforced by iron flanges. The head, of goatskin, is glued to the frame without being tightened; before the drum is used, the head is stretched by inserting a piece of vine in the space between the skin and the frame. The ...

Article

Arekwa  

Double clapperless bell of the Igbo people of Nigeria. Extremely large and made of iron, it is used with a drum ensemble by the rulers of Nsukka for the yam festival and New Year celebrations.

See also Ogene .

Article

Ari (i)  

Peter Cooke

Tall, slightly conical drum of the Lugbara people of northwestern Uganda. It has a laced head and is beaten by the hands.

M. Trowell and K.P. Wachsmann: Tribal Crafts of Uganda (London, 1953), 374 and pl.88G.

See also Uganda drum .

Article

Christian Poché

Abyssinian drum, lyre, or lute of the early Islamic era. The word sounds foreign to the language and has no known derivation in it, but an Ethiopian origin remains plausible. Some Arab lexicographers have identified the instrument as an Abyssinian drum, similar to the kūba...

Article

Arub  

Single-headed wooden pot-shaped drum of the Bergdama people of Namibia, resembling the Hottentot khais. It was beaten with the thumbs and used by medicine-men.

See also Khais .

Article

David P. McAllester and J. Richard Haefer

Water-drum of the Navajo of the southwestern USA. The body is an elongated earthenware pot 20 to 25 cm deep with a rounded bottom and a slight lip around the mouth; it is half-filled with water. The buckskin head is soaked in water, stretched over the opening and bound in place with strips of wet buckskin. The drum is prepared ceremonially with appropriate songs for each stage of assemblage and is given ‘life’ by having eyes and a mouth punched in the head with an awl. The drumstick (...