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Article

Oldřich Pukl

(b Prague, Feb 13, 1862; d Prague, April 4, 1944). Czech composer and folksong collector. He studied in Prague at the conservatory (1873–8) and the organ school (1878–81) and privately with Fibich. He was organist of St Štěpán and choirmaster at the main synagogue of Prague (1881–2), a teacher at the music school of the Moravan choral society in Kroměříž (1882–3), a violinist in the National Theatre orchestra, Prague (1883–6) and conductor of the Švanda Theatre Company in Prague and Brno (1886–7). Subsequently he edited the monthly Hudební květy (1895–9), conducted the Academic Orchestra (1898) and worked as an accompanist (1896–1904), mainly for the violinist František Ondříček. From 1896 to the end of his life he gave most of his attention to collecting and arranging folksongs, particularly those of the Chodsko region, south Bohemia. Weis’s large and varied output was influenced mostly by Smetana and Dvořák and included three operas in Czech, two in German and six German operettas. His only work to have stood the test of time, however was the 15-volume collection ...

Article

Matt Meacham

[Joseph T. ]

(b Sutherland, Ashe County, NC, March 16, 1938). American Folklorist and folk music presenter. Raised in northeastern Tennessee, Wilson developed interests in the humanities and in Upland Southern musical traditions early in life. He went to Nashville in 1960 and worked in various capacities in the country music industry. Disenchanted with the commercialism of the music business he moved to Birmingham in 1962, where he worked as a journalist covering the Civil Rights Movement. Beginning in 1966 he held positions with philanthropic and public relations firms, eventually becoming vice-president of Oram International in New York. While there he facilitated recording and performance opportunities for Southern vernacular musicians.

In 1976 Wilson became executive director of the nonprofit National Council for the Traditional Arts (NCTA). During his tenure, NCTA produced the annual National Folk Festival and other major festivals, numerous recordings, and influential national and international performance tours featuring a wide variety of artistic traditions. Since ...

Article

Richard Will

(b Sedalia, MO, Aug 14, 1943; d Murfreesboro, KY, Feb 9, 2006). American music historian and folklorist. He studied English at Southwest Missouri University (BA 1965) and the University of Kansas (MA 1967, PhD 1970), and taught at Middle Tennessee State University from 1970 until his retirement in 2005. Beginning with books on country music in Tennessee and Kentucky, he became one of the most prolific and influential historians of Southern American music. Though his particular focus was country music of the 1920s and 30s, his interests ranged from the Civil War through the 20th century and across genres including gospel music, blues, ballads, old-time fiddling traditions, and bluegrass. In addition to authoring and co-authoring many books, he also edited and co-edited several collections of essays and the Country Music Annual (2000–02). He wrote the script for the television documentary series American Roots Music...

Article

Albi Rosenthal

(b Berlin, Aug 1, 1877; d Berlin, Oct 26, 1930). German music collector and critic . After taking a degree at Leipzig University in jurisprudence (1899) and practising as a lawyer for some years, he studied musicology with Fleischer, Klatte, Kretzschmar and Wolf at Berlin (1906–9). Though he published some articles on music history and music bibliography, he was active mainly as a music critic, and became a chairman of the Verband Deutscher Musikkritiker and secretary of the Gesellschaft für Ästhetik. His most conspicuous achievement was the methodical amassing of a music library of manuscripts and printed source material from the Middle Ages to the 20th century and a comprehensive collection of writings about music. After trying unsuccessfully to find a buyer for the whole collection at 650,000 marks, Wolffheim had the library auctioned by the firms of Martin Breslauer and Leo Liepmannssohn of Berlin on ...

Article

Kenneth Elliott

(fl 1560–92). Scottish clergyman . He compiled an important set of partbooks, sometimes known as the St Andrews Psalter or ‘Thomas Wode’s Partbooks’, containing Scottish (and other) music of the 16th century. A canon of Lindores Abbey before the Reformation (1560), Wood joined the reformers, settled in St Andrews in 1562, became vicar there in 1575, and is frequently mentioned in Kirk Session Registers until 1592. His duplicate sets of partbooks (EIRE-Dtc, GB-Eu , Lbl , US-Wgu ) contain the 106 four-voice psalm settings by David Peebles (1562–6), canticles by Angus, Kemp and Blackhall (1566–9), and motets, anthems, psalms, songs and instrumental pieces – Scottish, English and continental (copied from 1569 to 1592) – together with illuminating and entertaining comments by Wood on many of the items. Between 1606 and about 1625 further additions to the partbooks were made by other hands.

H. Scott, ed: ...

Article

Cynthia Adams Hoover

(b Potsdam, Germany, Nov 15, 1855; d Washington, DC, Nov 14, 1938). American collector of and dealer in keyboard instruments. His father, Christian, had a music business in Trenton, New Jersey, from c1858 to 1861, and in Washington from 1863 to 1868 and again in 1883; Worch and his brother Emil took this over in 1883, and after Emil’s death his widow and Hugo continued the business as Hugo Worch & Co. from 1884 until 1895. After 1895 the firm of Hugo Worch sold instruments (including pianos sold under the Worch name but manufactured elsewhere), sheet music, and, as tastes changed, phonographs, recordings, and radios. The firm went out of business in 1960 on the retirement of Hans Hugo Worch, who had bought it from his brother Carl and sister Paulina in 1954.

In the 1880s Worch began collecting keyboard instruments that showed the development of the American piano industry from the 1790s to ...

Article

Olga Manulkina

(b Leningrad [now St Petersburg], Nov 28, 1926). Russian composer and folksong collector. She was greatly influenced by her mother, the pianist, composer and music theorist, Nadezhda Bogolyubova. Yel′cheva studied with Sergey Vol′fenson at the Musorgsky College, Leningrad, during World War II; she then attended the Leningrad Conservatory, where she studied the piano with Aleksandr Kamensky (graduating in 1950) and composition with O.S. Chishko (graduating in 1958). In 1953 and 1956 she participated in folksong expeditions to the Pskov region, to northern Russia and to the lower reaches of the river Pechora. Since 1965 she has collected songs independently in the Ivanovo region; she published her edition of collected folksongs in 1968 and in the late 1970s recorded her own performances of some of these. Most of her original compositions reflect her two main concerns: impressions of war and Russian folk culture. She writes in a traditional style based on folk tunes....

Article

Robert Stevenson

revised by Israel J. Katz

[Don Preciso ]

( b Dima, Durango, Dec 27, 1756; d Madrid, March 24, 1826). Basque folklorist and historian . He had his secondary education in Morúa, Alava province, where he studied music, literature and history, and perfected the Castilian language. Early in 1775 he began copying historic documents in the archives of Vitoria and in July of that year went to Madrid to train as a public notary. He worked as such at Madrid from 1783 to 1799 and again from 1800 to 1813. In 1792 he entered the literary controversy caused by Crotalogía o Ciencia de las castañuelas (Madrid, 1789), Juan Fernández de Rojas’s mock-heroic treatise on playing the castanets. In the midst of numerous contributions to the Diario de Madrid signed with fanciful pseudonyms he published there in 1795 an essay, under the name Don Preciso, on contradanzas and other popular diversions of Francophile Spaniards, the 86-word title of which begins ...

Article

Mariya Ivanovna Roditeleva

(b Leningrad, Feb 22, 1936). Russian ethnomusicologist and folklorist. He studied composition at the Leningrad College of Musical Education with Ustvol′skaya (diploma, 1955), and philology, folklore (with Vladimir Propp) and linguistics at Leningrad University (BA 1958). He obtained graduate degrees in ethnomusicology (1960) and composition (1961) at the Leningrad Conservatory, and in 1960 joined the staff at the Leningrad Institute for the History of the Arts, where he took the kandidat degree in ethnography and folklore in 1964 and later served as head of the folklore department until 1995. During the 1970s and 80s he conducted fieldwork in regions throughout the USSR. He obtained a further doctoral degree at the Kiev Institute of the Arts, Ethnography and Folklore in 1981 and served as department chair at the Pedagogical University, Leningrad, 1989–93.

Zemtsovsky was appointed visiting professor at UCLA in 1994. He then became a research fellow at the University of Wisconsin (...

Article

Barbara Krader

revised by Zdravko Blažeković

(b Vratišinec, Međimurje, Croatia, Jan 22, 1890; d Zagreb, Dec 12, 1976). Croatian folksong collector . At Zagreb he graduated from the Theological Faculty (1914) and took a doctorate in law in 1919; he studied music privately, and until World War II practised law and published many legal studies. Subsequently he was the curator of the Zagreb Ethnographic Museum (1945–8), then worked for the Institute for Traditional Arts (1948–64; director 1948–52), and also lectured on traditional music at the Zagreb Academy of Music (1949–68). He first collected folksongs in Međimurje (then Muraköz, Hungary) in 1908, more intensively after 1920. The important collection published in 1924–5 led to correspondence with Bartók concerning archaic Hungarian song types and Yugoslav folk music in general (Béla Bartók: Letters, ed. J. Demény, Budapest, 1971).

From the 1940s Žganec devoted his full energies to folk music collecting and research (chiefly for the Institute of Folk Art in Zagreb), using a tape recorder from ...