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John Walter Hill

(b Florence, Nov 8, 1679; d ?Prato, 1734). Italian theorist and composer. Beccatelli’s early musical studies were under Virgilio Cionchi and G.M. Casini in Florence. By order of Grand Duke Cosimo III, he was made maestro di cappella and organist of Prato Cathedral in ...

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Ennio Simeon

(b Lonigo, Feb 3, 1877; d Berlin, Oct 5, 1973). Italian composer. He studied classical philology and geography at the University of Padua and, at the same time, studied the flute and cello at the conservatory there. In 1900 he moved to Berlin, where he may have studied composition with Leopold Schmidt and conducting with Nikisch. His first contact with the cinema was in ...

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Jeanette B. Holland and Arthur J. Ness

(b Parma, Dec 19, 1522; d 1566). Italian lutenist and composer. The baptismal records at Parma indicate his place and date of birth (see N. Pelicelli, NA, ix, 1932, pp.112–29, esp.123). His one surviving publication, Libro primo d’intabulatura da leuto … con alcuni balli, napolitane, madrigali, canzon francese, fantasie, recercari...

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Carlos Seoane

(b Trinidad, Beni, Aug 9, 1924). Bolivian composer and researcher. He studied at the Escuela Normal in Sucre and at the La Paz Conservatory with Eisner. He studied the music of the indigenous peoples of Beni and established the origins of their folkdances, especially the ...

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Juan Orrego-Salas

(b Temuco, Aug 26, 1925; d Oldenburg, January 3, 2010). Chilean composer. He attended the Temuco Conservatory, studied with Pedro Humberto Allende and Domingo Santa Cruz (composition), Carvajal (conducting) and Salas Viú (musicology) at the Santiago National Conservatory (1936–48) and graduated from the University of Chile (...

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John Warrack

(b Manchester, April 27, 1803; d Vienna, Nov 23, 1848). German critic, composer and teacher. The son of a Hanau merchant who had settled in Manchester, he was taken as a child to Germany. He studied law in Jena, Berlin, Heidelberg and Leiden, taking a doctorate despite his prosecution for ‘demagogic activities’; his first compositions date from this time. Already an ardent revolutionary, in whom Wagner detected ‘a certain wildness and vehemence’ (...

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Derek Webster and Barry Kernfeld

Ensemble led by Bob Wilber. It was formed in 1981, and first appeared at Bechet’s Club in New York. At various times during its existence it had between four and seven members, one of whom was Wilber’s wife, the singer Joanne “Pug” Horton. The group aimed not to copy Sidney Bechet’s style, but to draw attention to his talents as a composer and performer, and in so doing it quickly established its own musical identity. It toured the USA, Europe, and India before disbanding early in ...

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James Lincoln Collier, Barry Kernfeld and Howard Rye

(b New Orleans, 14 May 1897; d Paris, 14 May 1959). American clarinetist and soprano saxophonist.

He grew up in a musical family, and all of his four brothers played instruments; Leonard (Victor) Bechet (b New Orleans, 1886; d New Orleans, 17 Sept 1952...

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James Lincoln Collier

(b New Orleans, 14 May 1897; d Paris, 14 May 1959). American jazz soprano saxophonist and clarinettist. He took up the clarinet as a young boy and studied sporadically with the older clarinettists Lorenzo Tio jr, Big Eye Nelson and George Baquet, but was principally self-taught. By about ...

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Harold Rosenthal and Alan Blyth

(b Florence, Oct 16, 1913; d Florence, Feb 2, 1993). Italian baritone. He studied in Florence with Raul Frazzi and Di Giorgi and made his début at Empoli in 1936 as Germont. He sang regularly in Rome (1938–52), and at La Scala (...

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(b 1784; d 1857). American Moravian composer. See Moravians, music of the, §3.

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Nola Reed Knouse

(b Baltic island of Oesel [now Saaremaa], Jan 7, 1784; d Herrnhut, Germany, April 18, 1857). German composer, organist, and pastor. Son of a Moravian minister, he was educated at Moravian schools in Niesky and Barby, Germany. Music was his favorite subject, and he wrote in his memoir that he “devoted every moment of time left by other duties, to the acquisition of the various branches of this charming art with the greatest delight, learning to sing, to play various stringed instruments, but more particularly the piano and the organ.”...

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Cyril Ehrlich

German firm of piano makers. Friedrich Wilhelm Carl Bechstein (d Gotha, 1 June 1826; d Berlin, 6 March 1900), who founded the firm in 1853 in Berlin, served his apprenticeship with the Perau firm in Berlin, becoming foreman at the age of 22. He left in ...

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London concert hall built next to the premises of the Bechstein firm in 1901 and renamed the Wigmore Hall in 1917. See London, §VI, 2.

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Bechstein-Welte upright reproducing piano, c1924 (British Piano Museum, Brentford)

The Musical Museum

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b Karlsruhe, March 19, 1939). German baritone . He studied in Karlsruhe, making his début in Brunswick. In 1974 he became a member of the Deutsche Oper am Rhein. He sang Donner at Covent Garden in 1978, and at Bayreuth he has sung Alberich (from ...

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Beck  

Hans Klotz

German family of organ builders. Hans Beck (fl Grossenhain, 1514–57) built organs in Halle (1514–17, 1539), Delitzsch (1520) and Oschatz (1555). No organs by by his eldest son, Anton Beck (d Halle, 1563), are known to survive. Esaias Beck (...

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In 

Beck, 1997.

AP Photo/Chris Pizzello

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Ian Spink

(bur. Norwich, Jan 29, 1674). English composer. He was appointed a lay clerk of Norwich Cathedral in 1639, but was subsequently admonished in the Chapter Acts for neglecting his duties (17 June 1642). After the Restoration he resumed his place, and was promoted to minor canon in ...

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Beck  

Rob Jovanovic

(b Los Angeles, CA, July 8, 1970). American rock singer, songwriter, guitarist, and producer. He has recorded and performed songs in a wide range of genres including folk, country, bluegrass, grunge, indie, metal, rock, lounge, Latino, and noise. An obvious contributing factor to his eclectic tastes is his artistic and performer-laden family. His father David Campbell is a string player and arranger who has worked on string parts for some of his son’s more recent albums. His mother Bibbe Hansen worked with Andy Warhol at the artist’s studio the Factory in New York at an early age and was involved in the west coast punk scene during the 1980s. His grandfather Al Hansen was an artist and performer involved in the Fluxus movement. Beck grew up around rockers and in various ethnic neighborhoods which all contributed to his music education. After spending time at the end of the 1980s involved with New York’s anti-folk scene he returned west and began performing as often and wherever he could. These gigs involved him using a leaf-blower on stage, telling stories, setting fire to his acoustic guitar, and rocking out with a boom-box backing tape. His breakthrough came in ...