57,181-57,200 of 57,475 results

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Rreze Kryeziu

(b Prishtina, Kosovo, April 1, 1984). Kosovar composer. She studied at the Prenke Jakova Music School in Prishtina from 1997 to 2002. She continued her music studies at the University of Prishtina, Faculty of Arts, studying composition with Mendi Mengjiqi, and graduated in 2007. She obtained the Master’s degree at the Ss. Cyril and Methidius Faculty of Arts at the University of Skopje and graduated in 2011. In 2007 she started teaching at the Faculty of Arts in Prishtina.

She is a founder and supervisor of the NGO Kosovar Women in Music ‘Neo Musica’, which is affiliated with the Adkins Chiti Foundation (member of UNESCO’s International Music Council and the European Music Council) in Italy (2009). In 2009 she became a member of the NGO International Alliance for Women in Music, USA.

Her compositional output ranges from songs to large orchestral works. Her compositional style is typical of the 20th century....

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Joseph Vella Bondin

[Beninju, Beninn]

(b Rabat, Aug 25, 1726; d Valletta, March 20, 1804). Maltese composer. As a boy soprano in the Mdina Cathedral cappella, he received his early instruction from its maestro, Pietro Gristi (1696–1738). On 8 July 1738, with financial help from the cathedral chapter, he became a student at the Conservatorio dei Poveri di Gesù Cristo, Naples, under Francesco Feo, Alfonso Caggi and Girolamo Abos. He returned to Malta in 1744 and on 22 August, when not yet 18 years old, was appointed maestro di cappella at the cathedral. His irascible temper was the probable cause of an incident which led to his dismissal in 1751. A suitable replacement not being found, he was reinstated on 15 April 1753 with even better conditions, and he was able to enlarge and refine the cappella. He held the post until he died, although only nominally after 1785 because of failing health. His last composition, ...

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Wolfram Knauer

(b Lodz, Poland, Dec 17, 1941). German pianist and keyboard player. He took private piano lessons (1948–60) and studied piano and composition in Dresden and Berlin. From the early 1970s he worked as a jazz musician in the East German bands FEZ (1974–7) and Osiris (1977–9), with musicians such as Manfred Hering, Helmut “Joe” Sachse, and Manfred Schulze, and with his own groups; among these are an ensemble of electronics and voice (from 1989), duos with the tuba player Dietrich Unkrodt (from 1980; Duo Unkrodt/Zerbe, 1987, Amiga 856336) and the clarinetist Jürgen Kupke (from 1996), and the Hannes Zerbe Blechband (from 1979), an ensemble consisting of jazz and classical musicians. From the mid-1980s Zerbe has worked extensively with synthesizers and computers, which he has used to further his aim of mediating between the worlds of contemporary composition and free improvisation. He also likes to involve poetry in his performances, as was heard, for example, in concerts given in ...

Article

Zerbst  

Nigel Springthorpe

Town in eastern Germany. Zerbst was an important provincial centre during the years 1603 to 1793. Music was cultivated in the court, in the Schlosskirche (officially opened in 1719) and in the three principal churches in the town: St Bartholomäikirche, the Nicolaikirche and Trinitatiskirche. There are also reports of musical activities in the town organized by the journeymen from the various guilds in the 16th century and there were at least three annual fairs when the Stadtpfeifer (town wind players) performed with the journeymen.

The Schlosskapelle was in existence by 1215 and was reformed in 1541. The flowering of music in the court took place in the first half of the 18th century, lasting from the expansion of the court Kapelle in 1709 by Prince Karl Wilhelm to the dispersal of the court for a short period in 1758 due to the aggressive actions of Frederick the Great, after which the court gradually declined while the prince remained absent in Luxembourg....

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Article

Elizabeth Forbes

(b Baden-Baden, July 26, 1822; d Winterbach, Dec 14, 1881). German soprano . She studied in Paris and made her début in 1839 in Karlsruhe as Amina (La sonnambula). In 1846 she was engaged at the Vienna Hofoper, making her début as Lucia and creating the title role of Flotow’s ...

Article

H. Earle Johnson

revised by Nancy Newman

(b Malchow, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, July 28, 1826; d Milton, MA, Dec 29, 1909). American conductor and flautist of Germanorigin. Zerrahn studied with Friedrich Weber in Rostock from age 12, moving to Hanover and then Berlin, where he joined the Germania Musical Society as a flute player in 1848. During the six years the orchestra toured the United States, he was featured as a virtuoso soloist and occasional composer. After the Germania disbanded, Zerrahn remained in Boston and became conductor of the Handel and Haydn Society (1854–98), the Orchestral Union (1854–68) and the Philharmonic (1857–63). He conducted the newly-formed Harvard Musical Association Orchestra from its inception in 1865 until it disbanded in 1882. The ensemble gave the American premières of works by Mozart, Haydn, and Mendelssohn, and promoted new compositions such as John Knowles Paine’s Symphony No.2. Zerrahn was a renowned choral director throughout New England, directing the Handel and Haydn Society’s triennial festivals for more than two decades, the Worcester County Music Association Festivals (...

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George Leotsakos

revised by Katerina Levidou

[George]

(b Cairo, Dec 17, 1947). Greek composer and musicologist. Born to Greek parents in Egypt, he settled in Athens in 1961, where he studied theory and piano at the Hellenic Conservatory (1975–7), and composition with Yannis Ioannidis (1977–81) as well as physics at the University of Athens. He then went to Paris, where he studied musicology and the aesthetics of music at the Sorbonne, Panthéon Paris 1, with Michel Guiomar and Daniel Charles, as well as ‘musique formelle’ with Xenakis. He also attended Boulez’s seminars at the Collège de France (1982–3) and spent time at IRCAM. He has taught musicology at the Athens University Faculty of Music Studies since 1995, where he is currently Permanent Assistant Professor.

Zervos is anything but a prolific composer. His work, late-romantic and expressionistic in style, reflects his musicological interest in the Second Viennese School. Meticulously conceived and elaborated, his atonal and 12-tone writing (with occasional tonal references, though), illustrated in such works as ...

Article

Erik van den Berg

[the Six Winds]

Dutch saxophone sextet. It was founded in 1984 by the baritone saxophonist Ad Peijnenburg, who added bass and sopranino instruments to the standard saxophone quartet he had established in 1976. After an early version of the group, with Bill Smith (ii) on sopranino saxophone and Paul Termos on the alto instrument (...

Article

John H. Baron

(b Priorau, nr Dessau, Oct 8, 1619; d Hamburg, Nov 13, 1689). German poet and writer. He studied at the Gymnasium in Halle and at the age of 12 compiled a lexicon of rhymes, which shows his early interest in verse. While at the University of Wittenberg he published his first work, the Hochdeutscher Helicon (1640), and worked extensively with August Buchner on poetry; his acquaintance there with Malachias Siebenhaar proved valuable for both, since Siebenhaar became the chief composer of songs to his poems. In Hamburg on 1 May 1642 Zesen founded the Teutschgesinnte Genossenschaft, a philological society whose members included Harsdörffer, Schwieger and the Dutch poet Jakob van der Vondel. At first he and Rist were close, but by 1648 they had split. With Hamburg as a base but without any permanent position, Zesen travelled to various parts of Germany, to France and in ...

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Stanley Boorman

(fl early 16th century). Italian composer. The theorist Giovanni Del Lago mentioned him as having been his teacher in Padua. Three of Zesso's frottolas were intabulated in Bossinensis's second collection (RISM 1511), which contains a number of works by other lesser composers. Dun bel matin and E quando andaretu use popular tunes: the former was also set by A. Capriolus, and the latter is related to the folktune that became known as Rosina, one of the standard patterns of the 16th century.

all for 4 voices

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Erik Kjellberg

(b Hagfors, Sweden, Sept 20, 1938; d Stockholm, May 12, 2005). Swedish singer. In 1957 she sang with Ib Glindemann’s band in Copenhagen and performed with Arne Domnérus’s orchestra in Stockholm; she made several recordings with Domnérus (from 1958) and also recorded with studio bands of various sizes. In 1959–60 she appeared in Great Britain and the USA. Notable among her recordings are Waltz for Debby (1964, Phi. 08222PL), made with a trio led by Bill Evans (ii); Hej man (1975, Odeon 06235171), recorded under her own name; and It Only Happens Every Time (1977, EMI 06235454), with Thad Jones as leader. Zetterlund’s style is cool but sensitive and shows a genuine sympathy with the jazz idiom, though her repertory includes Swedish classical songs and folksongs. She is also an actress, and has worked in films, television, and the theater, both in drama and comedy. She published ...

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Russell Martineau

[Herrmann, Jakob Zeugheer ]

(b Zürich, July 20, 1803; d Liverpool, June 15, 1865). Swiss violinist and composer . He studied the violin first with Wassermann in his native town, and in 1818 went to Munich, where he studied the violin with Ferdinand Fränzl and composition with Gratz. The example of Schuppanzigh and of the four brothers Moralt suggested to Zeugheer the idea of attempting the same with his friends at Munich, as ‘das Quartett Gebrüder Herrmann’. The other members were Joseph Wex, Carl Baader and Joseph Lidel. They started in 1824, touring in Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and England, playing with particular success at Dover, Ramsgate and Brighton, where they settled for five months. Later tours took them throughout the British Isles, where in many places they were the first professional quartet ever to appear. By the spring of 1830 the ‘brothers’ had had enough of a roving life and Zeugheer settled at Liverpool, where he remained till his death....

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J. Bunker Clark

(Heinrich Christoph)

(b Eisleben, Germany, Sept 20, 1795; d Philadelphia, Nov 7, 1857). German-American composer, compiler and organist. He studied in Weimar with Hummel, then with Michael Gotthard Fischer in Erfurt, where in about 1822 he published a set of piano variations and four polonaises. He was apparently a court musician near his birthplace, and also served as a musician in the military. He probably arrived in Boston in 1830, when he made his first concert appearance on 13 February, playing the organ and piano and singing in his own works. He became organist for the Handel and Haydn Society in September of the same year. During his years in Boston he held posts as organist at three city churches, and also taught the organ, theory and singing. In 1839 he moved to Philadelphia, where he became organist at St Andrew’s Episcopal Church, and then at Arch Street Presbyterian Church....

Article

Jennifer Spencer

revised by Michael Musgrave

(b Dresden, April 28, 1775; d Paris, Jan 24, 1841). German pianist and composer . He studied the piano in Dresden and composition with D.G. Türk in Halle; in 1802 while in St Petersburg he also took lessons from Clementi. On a later visit to Russia he taught the young Glinka, who found his theoretical teaching dull though he made progress as a pianist. He undertook concert tours to Paris in 1803, and in 1805 to Vienna, where he settled briefly (and was employed by Prince Golitsïn). He returned to his home city and continued to tour Europe as a successful concert pianist until just before his death on a visit to Paris. Though less admired for his composition than his playing, he wrote some technically skilled if uninspired piano pieces, chamber music and songs which were much in vogue in his time. These included fantasias and variations for piano, a Polonaise for piano duet op.10, string quartets (opp.11, 14 and 15), two piano concertos (op.12 in G and op.13 in E♭) and several ballets....

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E. Fred Flindell

(b Mupperg, nr Coburg, 1554; d Ansbach, bur. Dec 13, 1619). German composer and organist. He was appointed to the collegiate church of St Gumbertus at Ansbach on 16 June 1576 with a yearly salary of 50 florins and remained at this post until his retirement. On 20 June 1610 he was called to play the positive, regals and other instruments at the Brandenburg-Ansbach court; he was entrusted with composing the ceremonial music for the marriage of Margrave Joachim Ernst in 1612. He retired on 17 September 1616 after playing a leading role in the musical life of Ansbach for 40 years. Municipal tax records show that he was involved in several disputes concerning the payment of taxes and his various dealings in wine, and on 5 October 1615 the margrave settled in his favour a quarrel concerning singing and organ playing in which he had become involved with the Konrektor. His German songs (...

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Werner Braun

(b Neurode [Nowa Ruda, Poland], 1621; d Breslau [Wrocław], Sept 15, 1675). German composer, organist and poet. He received a Protestant schooling at Bernstadt. Though he was drawn into the religious upheaval that afflicted Silesia, he was also receptive to his musical environment, and he may have been taught music by Löwenstern. His first post was nearby at Öls, where he was organist and also a member of the council from 1643 to the spring of 1649. From 4 May 1649 he was an organist and schoolmaster in the New City of Breslau and from 8 October 1655 was organist of the second most important church in Breslau, St Maria Magdalena. From 24 February 1654 he was permitted to sign himself ‘Notarius Caesareus Publicus’. The many surviving copies of his 1661 volume (as well as transcriptions of it) indicate that he was one of the most successful exponents of the simplified sacred concerto. The characteristics of his style – clear-cut forms (with sinfonias, interludes, solo episodes and tutti ritornello sections), smooth harmony and parlando choral declamation – were particularly suited to music intended for use in the home as well as in church; following traditional theological thinking, he regarded devotion as more important than art. His song collections of ...

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Kenneth S. Habib

(b Chicago, IL, Jan 24, 1947; d Los Angeles, CA, Sept 7, 2003). American Rock singer-songwriter, guitarist, and keyboardist. He began studying classical piano after moving to California as a child, and following the divorce of his parents, he dropped out of high school and left home to pursue popular music. A witty and characteristically dark satirical artist, he was associated with the Los Angeles–based singer-songwriters emerging from the mid-1960s to early 1970s. His recording career began in the duo Lyme & Cybelle in 1966. He continued composing and session work until the 1969 recording of his first solo album, Wanted Dead or Alive, which met with lackluster reception. His 1976 eponymous album, which was produced by Jackson Browne, featured a host of solid supporting artists and met with critical acclaim and commercial success. Excitable Boy was released in 1978 and certified platinum. Co-produced by Jackson Browne and Waddy Wachtel, it featured Zevon’s biggest hit, “Werewolves of London,” along with the successful title track, “Lawyers, Guns, and Money,” and “Roland the Headless Thompson Gunner,” which he had co-written with a former mercenary in Spain during the summer of ...

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Razia Sultanova

(b St Petersburg, 28 Jan/Feb 10, 1908; d Tashkent, Dec 30, 1981). Russian composer and teacher. He studied with Steinberg at the St Petersburg Conservatory (1927–31) and then taught there (1933–9) before moving to Central Asia and the Caucasus where he spent the rest of his life helping to establish and develop professional composition in Azerbaijan and Uzbekistan. Zeydman instilled in Uzbek traditional musicians a feeling for and understanding of the principles of Western genres. After a spell in the Baku Conservatory, he was appointed in 1957 to teach at Tashkent Conservatory where he remained until his death. His creativity includes compositions from many different genres, including chamber pieces, opera and ballet. He was a co-founder of Uzbek's composer's school. His students included Amirov, Kazhlayev, Mukhatov, Khalilov, Kurbanov and Saydaminova. He has received numerous awards including that of People's Artist of Uzbekistan....

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(b Rostov-na-Donu, Oct 7, 1947). Russian musicologist . She studied musicology at the Moscow Conservatory (1965–70) with Yu.A. Fortunatov (her other teachers included I.A. Barsova and V.A. Zuckermann), and she completed her postgraduate studies at the Leningrad Institute for Theatre, Music and Cinematography with L.N. Raaben in 1974. In 1975 she obtained the Kandidat degree and in 1993 the doctorate. After working as a music journalist for the Moscow Radio (1970–78), she was an editor for Sovetskaya muzïka (from 1992 called Muzïkal′naya akademiya), 1978–94. She has taught music history from 1992 at the A.V. Sveshnikov Academy of Choral Art, where she was appointed senior lecturer in 1994 and acting professor in 1997. Her scholarly interests include the music and the musical aesthetics of the 18th century, the work of contemporary composers from Russia and the former Soviet Union (especially Georgia), musical theatre and incidental music. Opposed to the idea of a ‘pure science’ of musicology, she strives to make her scholarly writings lively and accessible and her journalistic writings on music relevant to other cultural issues. She has also published under the pseudonyms Golodnova, Kozina and Mikhaylova....