Native American tribe. With a population of more than 9000, it is the largest Pueblo group in the United States. In their own language, which is an isolate, the Zunis call themselves A:shiwi. Their pueblo is located in western New Mexico. Along with other Pueblo peoples, the Zunis are the descendants of Ancestral Puebloans, who settled in what is now the southwestern United States thousands of years ago. Zuni musical culture has been a topic of scholarly research since the late 1800s....
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Barbara Tedlock and Victoria Lindsay Levine
Zuni musicians performing on wooden flute, pueblo cottonwood drum, and deer-toe rattles, Albuquerque.
Nativestock.com/Marilyn Angel Wynn
Alan R. Thrasher
Bowl-shaped resting bell of the Han Chinese. The bell is hammered out of bronze and constructed in various sizes, medium-sized instruments ranging from 10 to 15 cm in diameter. The zuoqing rests on a cushion and is struck at the rim with a padded beater. A 9th-century Buddhist bell (24 cm in diameter, 19 cm deep) found in a Tang dynasty site is one of earliest of this type reported. The scholar Chen Yang, in his treatise ...
(b Schrötten, nr Hengsberg, July 27, 1734; d Kamnik, April 11, 1810). Slovenian composer. In 1749 he was mentioned in the register of the Jesuit University in Graz. In 1757 he went to Kamnik near Ljubljana as a music teacher and by 1773...
Bojan Bujic and Vjera Katalinic
(b Šibenik, Croatia, July 21, 1925; d Zagreb, Croatia, March 18, 2004). Croatian musicologist and composer . He studied romance and Slavonic languages at the University of Zagreb, graduating in 1950, and musicology at the Academy of Music in Zagreb, where he graduated in ...
Barbara A. Peterson and Theresa Koenig
(b Pittsburgh, PA, Nov 14, 1932). American Composer. He studied with Vincent Persichetti at the Juilliard School (BS 1956, BM 1957). He received a Fulbright grant that enabled him to study with Karl Schiske at the Vienna Academy of Music (1958–9...
Ferdinand J. de Hen
End-blown gourd horn of the Sere people in the Uele region, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is bulbous and about 35 cm long. (LaurentyA, 311)
(b Livonia, Nov 10, 1854; d Steyning, Sussex, Dec 9, 1931). German tenor and teacher . He studied at the Berlin Hochschule, then with Julius Stockhausen in Frankfurt and with Romain Bussine in Paris. This was followed by a special course of study of Schumann's and Schubert's songs with Clara Schumann. He first sang in London in ...
(b Tel-Aviv, March 6, 1942). Israeli composer. After graduating from the College of Music Teachers in Tel-Aviv (1964), he studied theory at the Rubin Academy of Music and Dance, Jerusalem (until 1967). He continued his studies in the USA at the Mannes College of Music (BM ...
Hans Conradin and Andrew Clark
The largest city in Switzerland and the cultural centre of the German-speaking population. Intensive musical activity in Zürich can be traced back to the Middle Ages. The most important source of German Minnesang, the Heidelberg (‘Manesse’) Manuscript, originated in Zürich, and the services in the cathedral and the numerous monastic churches rivalled the most splendid in southern Germany. Ulrich Zwingli was pastor at the Grossmünster from ...
Ken Rattenbury and Barry Kernfeld
(b Detroit, Jan 17, 1912; d Los Angeles, Feb 16, 1944). American pianist and composer. At an early age he displayed a precocious talent for playing piano in an assertive, confident style influenced by the blues. He worked in Philadelphia as a member of an orchestra led by the pianist Oliver Naylor, recording in ...
Shawm of Turkey, Syria, Iraq, Armenia, Dagestan, Azerbaijan and Georgia. See Surnāy .
Term first used by F.W. Marpurg (1755) for an Periodicals, .
Opera in five acts by Jiří Pauer to his own libretto after Jan Bor’s play of the same name; Prague, National Theatre, 30 December 1958.
The opera, set during the years 1587–1620, deals with the love between Petr Vok (baritone), head of the powerful Rožmberk family, and the lowly country girl Zuzana (dramatic soprano). Refusing to be bound by convention, Zuzana gives Petr an heir. Vok’s wife (contralto) secretly kidnaps the child; meanwhile the situation has angered and alienated Zuzana’s former lover and betrothed, Ondrej (tenor). After Vok’s death Zuzana is driven out of the castle, but at the end of her life she sees Ondrej and her son again and finds lasting peace....
Cast and forged metal bells of Latvia. Small cast bronze bells are known from the 7th century, found by archaeologists attached to shawls, belts, and other parts of female costume, usually grouped in threes. The diameter of the opening is 15 to 30 mm, and the clapper in a form of a lamella is attached inside. Cast church bells are known in Latvia from the 12th century. The bell was hung in a church tower or a separate bell tower and rung for ecclesiastic rites, for special events such as weddings and funerals, and also to sound alarms. The church bells were thought to offer protection from evil influences....
Transverse flute of Slovenia. It is made of plum heartwood, unpolished, in nine sizes from about 20 to 52 cm long, with the two longest flutes made in two parts. Žvegle are pitched at g”, f”, d♭”, c♯”, b’, a...
Miroslav K. Černý and Jitka Ludvová
(b Kublov, nr Beroun, Bohemia, Jan 22, 1824; d Prague, Nov 23, 1865). Czech writer on music, teacher and composer . He completed his early schooling through the help of a priest, who also instructed him in music theory. Having concluded his studies with Pitsch at the organ school in Prague, he became an assistant there, teaching plainsong as well as the organ, and later served briefly as the school's director. In ...
Bells of Slovakia. There are many forms: zvonce drevené (wooden bells), zvonce liate (cast metal bells), plechové zvonce or spiežovce (bells of folded sheet metal), and zvonce hlinené (ceramic bells). Herders hang differently tuned bells on their animals so that in rough terrain they can locate them and know which animals are in front, behind, or in the middle of the group. Herders also pay attention to the harmony of the bells and sometimes say that they are ‘making a symphony.’...
(b Rotterdam, Aug 20, 1877; d Zaandam, July 13, 1937). Dutch organist, composer and organologist . He studied with, among others, Hendrik de Vries, a composer and organist at the Laurenskerk in Rotterdam. From 1893 he worked as an organist in Rotterdam, and from ...
Singspiel by Benedikt Schack and F. X. Gerl; see Dumme Gärtner aus dem Gebirge, Der.