5,961-5,980 of 57,944 results

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Biwa  

Hugh de Ferranti

Generic term for necked bowl-lutes of Japan. Discussed here are construction and tunings; for history and schools, see Japan, §II, 3. Forms of biwa have been played in Japan since at least the 8th century. Early forms used for gagaku derived from China, but biwa...

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Lauren Joiner

(b Harlem, New York; April 8, 1964).

American rapper, beatboxer, MC, DJ, and actor. He began his career in 1985 as a beatboxer for Roxanne Shanté of the Juice Crew. In 1988, he signed with Cold Chillin’ Records and released his first solo album, ...

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Hugh Macdonald

(b Paris, 25 Oct 1838; d Bougival, nr Paris, 3 June 1875). French composer. Bizet might have surpassed all the many composers active in France in the last third of the 19th century had it not been for his untimely death at the age of 36. ...

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Hugh Macdonald

(b Paris, 25 Oct 1838; d Bougival, nr Paris, 3 June 1875). French composer . His short career was very largely devoted to opera in various genres, reaching a remarkable climax in 1875 with the supremely well-crafted Carmen. This is one of the best-known of all operas, yet it followed a succession of complete, incomplete and projected works (a total of 30 in Winton Dean’s listing in ...

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Tula Giannini

(fl Paris, 1716–c1758). French maker of woodwind instruments. He was admitted into the Communautés d’arts et métier de la ville et fauxbourgs de Paris (Paris community of master makers) in 1716 for which he served as juré compatible (‘expert responsible’). In ...

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Bizitu  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Set of whistles of the Mbanja people of the north-western Democratic Republic of the Congo. The whistles are made of wood in different sizes and shapes, though all have a conical bore and are threaded on a cord or wire and worn around the neck or wrist. Other names are ...

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Niall O’Loughlin

(b Trieste, Nov 1, 1909; d Silba, Nov 3, 1992). Croatian composer. He studied law at Zagreb University and then music at the Zagreb Conservatory, where his composition teachers were Blagoje Bersa and Franjo Dugan. Although Bjelinski began by practising law, he was a teacher at the Split Music School (...

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Niels Martin Jensen and Daniel M. Grimley

(b Århus, Oct 13, 1903; d Copenhagen, Jan 3, 1986). Danish composer and organist. He studied at the Copenhagen Conservatory (1919–23) with Christiansen (piano) and Rung-Keller (organ and theory). After passing the organists’ examination in 1925 he studied in Paris (...

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Alan Blyth

(b Kråkstad, Nov 8, 1927; d Oslo, Sept 4, 2006). Norwegian soprano . She studied at Oslo and Frankfurt. She made her stage début in Oslo as Donna Anna in 1957, and became a member of the Wuppertal Opera (1957–9), then of the Deutsche Oper am Rhein, Düsseldorf (...

Article

Björk  

David Buckley

(b Reykjavik, Nov 21, 1966). Icelandic pop singer and songwriter. Although her earliest recordings date back to her eponymous debut album in 1977, it was with the Icelandic indie band the Sugarcubes, formed in 1986 with Einar Orn Benediktsson, that Björk made her initial impact outside her homeland. Her eccentric, mannered vocal style was captured perfectly on the band's debut single ...

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Pekka Gronow

(b Los Angeles, Feb 11, 1956). Finnish guitarist and composer. The son of the Finnish-American actress Taina Elg, he grew up in California and moved to Finland as a teenager; he studied first at the Helsinki Conservatory and later at the Berklee School of Music in Boston. His first mature work was with Edward Vesala’s free-jazz group Sound and Fury, with which he recorded three albums in the mid-1980s. In ...

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Erik Kjellberg and Lars Westin

(b Helsinki, Feb 17, 1934). Swedish tenor saxophonist and bandleader of Finnish birth. He moved to Sweden in 1945 and gained recognition in the early 1950s in Gothenburg, where he worked with the drummer Kenneth Fagerlund (1951–4). From 1954 to 1959...

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Kari Michelsen

(b Oslo, May 2, 1943). Norwegian musicologist. After studying musicology and singing at the Leningrad Conservatory, he completed the MA (1969) with a thesis on the songs of Glinka and the doctorate (1981) at Oslo University with a dissertation on children’s songs. In ...

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b Stockholm, Nov 2, 1907; d Helsingborg, April 8, 1983). Swedish baritone . He studied in Stockholm, making his début there in 1934 as Billy Jack-rabbit (La fanciulla del West) at the Royal Opera, where he was engaged for nearly 40 years. He appeared in Vienna, Munich, Paris, Chicago, San Francisco and at La Scala. In ...

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b Stora Tuna, Dalarna, Sept 11, 1912; d Stockholm, Oct 10, 1957). Swedish tenor . The younger brother of Jussi Björling, he studied with his father, David Björling, and made his début in 1937 at Göteborg. From 1940 until his death he was engaged at the Royal Opera, Stockholm, where he sang both lyric and character roles. His repertory included Don Ottavio, Pedrillo, Monostatos, Missail, David, the four comic tenor roles in ...

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Desmond Shawe-Taylor

(b Stora Tuna, Feb 5, 1911; d Stockholm, Sept 9, 1960). Swedish tenor . He was first taught by his father, a professional tenor, with whom he, singing treble, and two brothers made many tours in the Björling Male Quartet. In 1928 he entered the Stockholm Conservatory, studying with Joseph Hislop and John Forsell. In ...

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Desmond Shawe-Taylor and Alan Blyth

(b Stora Tuna, Feb 5, 1911; d Stockholm, Sept 9, 1960). Swedish tenor. He was first taught by his father, David Björling (1873–1926), a professional tenor, and from 1916 made many concert tours with his father and two brothers as a treble in the Björling Male Quartet, which made a few commercial recordings in the USA in ...

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Bertil H. van Boer

(b Stockholm, Aug 10, 1757; d Vaxhälla, March 17, 1810). Swedish actor, singer and librettist . He made his début as an actor as Count Almaviva in Beaumarchais’ play Le barbier de Séville in 1785 at the New Swedish Theatre, where he became well known for his comic roles and original opera librettos, mostly written for Carl Stenborg’s comic opera. In ...

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Árni Heimir Ingólfsson

(b Lóni, Kelduhverfi, Dec 23, 1905; d Reykjavík, July 3, 1995). Icelandic composer, flautist and pianist. Largely self-taught, he studied at the Reykjavík College of Music (1930–35) with Victor Urbancic and Franz Mixa (theory, composition and piano), while earning a living playing in Rejkjavík dance bands. He studied at the RMCM (...

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Anne Beetem Acker

Synthesizer module manufacturer founded by John Blacet (b 1946) in 1978 as Blacet Music Research in Lakeview, Oregon. Blacet initially made kits for analogue modules including a digital pattern generator, a voltage-controlled clock with event arranger, a phase filter, and a frequency divider, followed by analogue delay modules, the ‘Dark Star’ (a mini noise module) and the ‘Syn-bow’, a self-contained wand-controlled synthesizer. With the popularity of digital synthesizers in the 1980s Blacet’s business plummeted, but renewed interest in analogue synthesis in the 1990s enabled him to produce a full line of kit and assembled analogue synthesizer modules in the Frac format. These modules are noted for fitting a large amount of functionality into very small modules. In spring ...