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Rosemary Williamson

(b Egham, April 3, 1838; d London, Jan 29, 1901). English clergyman, lecturer and writer. Haweis showed great aptitude for music and studied the violin with Antonio James Oury. At Cambridge University he formed a quartet society and became solo violinist of the Cambridge University Musical Society. Graduating in 1859, two years later he passed the Cambridge examination in theology and was ordained deacon, then priest in 1862. After some short-term curateships, he was appointed perpetual curate of St James's, Marylebone, in 1866, a position he held until his death.

Haweis was a Broad Churchman with powers of dynamic extempore preaching that drew packed congregations to St James's, where his Sunday evening services unconventionally included orchestral music and oratorio performances. In 1867 he married Mary Eliza Joy (1848–98), who gained prominence through her writings on household decoration. In 1884 Haweis supplanted J.A. Fuller Maitland as music critic of the ...


Daniel Zager

(b Laramie, WY, 1909; d Brielle, nr Spring Lake, NJ, Nov 19, 1967). American writer. After graduating in 1930 from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, with a degree in engineering he moved to Illinois, and from 1935 until the end of World War II he worked as an engineer in Chicago. He took a great interest in jazz recordings, and from 1935 to the 1960s he contributed a column entitled “The Hot Box” to Down Beat which contained important discographical and biographical material on jazz musicians. In the mid-1940s he also wrote for Esquire’s Jazz Book. Hoefer moved in 1951 to New York, where he provided material for the periodicals Metronome, Jazz, and Melody Maker; from 1958 to 1961 he was an editor of Down Beat. His writings are notable for their accuracy and unusual attention to detail.

(selective list)

“Bix Beiderbecke,” “Bessie Smith,” The Jazz Makers...


Martin Cooper


(b Oxford, April 2, 1891; d Standlake, Oxon., Sept 28, 1974). English critic, editor, lecturer and writer on music. He was educated at Oxford High School and St John’s College. After a period at the RCM he joined the staff of The Times in 1925 and succeeded H.C. Colles as chief music critic in 1943, a post which he held until 1960. He lectured on musical history and appreciation at the RCM (1938–70) and was Cramb Lecturer at Glasgow University in 1947 and 1952. He was awarded the FRCM and Hon RAM, and was made a CBE in 1954.

One of Howes’s chief interests found expression in his first book, The Borderland of Music and Psychology (1926), and again in Man, Mind and Music (1948). Another lifelong interest was reflected in Folk Music of Britain – and Beyond (1969) and in his editorship of the ...


Luminita Florea

( fl 1351–92). English friar . He was from the Custody of Bristol and was the author-compiler of the Quatuor principalia musice ( GB-Ob Digby 90; CoussemakerS, iv, 200–98; shortened version in GB-Lbl Cotton Tiberius B.IX, ante f. 204-214r; CoussemakerS, iii, 334–64) and the scribe, maker and owner of the earliest extant copy of this work, completed at Oxford on 4 August 1351 and donated by John to the Oxford Franciscans in 1388 with the assent of Thomas de Kingsbury, the 26th provincial minister of the Franciscan order in England. Another book of which John was the author-compiler, scribe, maker and owner, containing the astronomical treatise De situ universorum and two smaller tracts ( GB-Mch 6681), was compiled some time between 1356 (or 1357) and (possibly) 1371, and it includes an explicit date of 1392; several passages in this work indicate that he had been at the Oxford Franciscan convent on ...


(well )

(b London, Feb 28, 1917; d Chichester, England, Aug 1, 1993). English writer. He taught himself to play saxophone and clarinet and worked in dance bands from 1930. After abandoning his career as a performer in 1935, in the late 1930s he formed the High Wycombe Rhythm Club and the Challenge Jazz Club. He was the jazz editor of Challenge in 1941–2 and worked as a commentator for the BBC’s program “Radio Rhythm Club” from 1942 to 1943; he continued to work occasionally in radio during the following decades. In 1942 he was a founder, with Albert McCarthy, of the journal Jazz Music (which he edited in 1944 and again from 1946 to the early 1950s) and from 1944 to 1946 he was the editor of a series of pamphlets entitled Jazz Music Books. Jones had a long association with Melody Maker, first as an editor with Rex Harris of “Collector’s Corner” (from ...


Robert Pascall

(b Breslau, Jan 4, 1850; d Vienna, May 4, 1921). German author, music critic and editor. He studied at the University of Breslau, first law, later philosophy. From 1872 to 1874 he was a private tutor in Munich, where he also wrote poetry and studied at the music school. In 1875 he returned to Breslau to become a music critic and columnist for the Schlesische Zeitung and an assistant director of the Schlesisches Museum; subsequently he worked as a music critic for the Breslauer Zeitung. He moved to Vienna in 1880 and, on the recommendation of Hanslick, joined the staff of the Wiener allgemeine Zeitung. He became the music critic of the Neue freie Presse in 1883, the Neues Wiener Tageblatt in 1886 and the Wiener Montags-Revue in 1890.

Kalbeck was an influential music critic in Vienna and, like Hanslick, a partisan of Brahms. While his earliest published critical studies are devoted to Wagner’s music dramas, his main work of musical scholarship is the very large-scale biography of Brahms. He was a close friend of Brahms in the composer’s latter years and his biography has been the basis of most subsequent Brahms scholarship; it will not be superseded (Kalbeck’s Brahms is somewhat akin to Boswell’s Johnson), though it will be supplemented (as Alfred Ehrmann has already done in his biography of ...


Paula Morgan

(b New York, March 4, 1857; d Babylon, NY, July 27, 1918). American writer on music. After studies in Wiesbaden and New York he attended Columbia University, graduating from the School of Arts in 1877 and the School of Law in 1879. From 1879 to 1880 he was editor of the Musical Review. Beginning in 1880 he was music critic for a series of New York papers, The Sun, The World, the Mail and Express, and The Herald; he was music and art critic for The Herald at the time of his death. In 1883 Kobbé was sent to Bayreuth by The World to report on the first performance of Parsifal.

A prolific writer, he is chiefly known for his Complete Opera Book (1919), a collection of opera plots and analyses, which has become a standard work of reference; he also published books on Wagner and other composers, opera singers, and works on the pianola and the Aeolian pipe organ....


Gustave Reese

revised by Ramona H. Matthews

(b New York, Sept 23, 1890; d New York, April 8, 1969). American publisher, editor, critic and composer. He studied the violin with his father, Maximilian Kramer, and with Carl Hauser and Richard Arnold. After studying at the College of the City of New York he joined the staff of the magazine Musical America (1910–22) and then spent several years studying, writing and composing in Europe; for a time he worked with Malipiero. In 1927 he became music supervisor for the CBS Radio Network, and then returned as editor-in-chief to Musical America (1929–36); subsequently he became managing director of the music publishers Galaxy Music Corporation (1936–56), and after his retirement continued to write and compose. He helped to found the Society for Publication of American Music (1919) and served as its president (1934–40) and on the board of directors of the ASCAP (...


Travis D. Stimeling

[Charles Stacy ]

(b Knoxville, TN, June 21, 1921; d Nashville, TN, March 7, 2012). American country music journalist, publisher, and promoter. Charlie Lamb reshaped the Nashville music industry’s business practices during the 1950s and 60s and promoted Nashville as an international music center. Lamb began his career in Knoxville, where, among other jobs, he booked artists to perform on radio station WROL and reported for the Knoxville Journal. After moving to Nashville in 1951, he joined Cash Box as a columnist and ad salesman and later formed the Charlie Lamb Agency to promote several top recording artists. Lamb was a founding member of the Country Music Disc Jockey Association and organized an annual DJ convention that brought thousands of disc jockeys to Nashville. In August 1956, Lamb founded Country Music Reporter (renamed Music Reporter in 1957), a trade paper that covered the Nashville music industry and offered expanded chart coverage for country singles and albums. Selling ...