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Single-string fiddle of the Makonde people of the Ruvuma region of the United Republic of Tanzania.

Article

Akayau  

K.A. Gourlay and Jeremy Montagu

Iron ankle rattle of the Hausa people of Nigeria. The Angas equivalent is the zye-zye. A piece of sheet iron is hammered to form a trough about 12 cm long, with the ends narrowed and folded back to form closed hooks into which iron rings are fitted. A string passed through two holes punched through the back of the trough enables two or three rattles to be strung together and worn on the ankles for dancing....

Article

Akbele  

Aerophone of the Igbo people of Nigeria; the term may refer to an ivory or gourd trumpet or a long calabash flute.

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Long drum of the Alur people of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The single lizard-skin head is glued to the narrow wooden body and is beaten by hand. It is used in witchcraft ceremonies.

O. Boone: Les tambours du Congo belge et due Ruanda-Urundi...

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Akidi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Board zither of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a single string that passes five times back and forth along a board from notches carved in both ends, with a small stick at each end serving as a nut, and small movable wooden blocks under each length of string to tune them. The name ...

Article

Akiri  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Handheld bell of the Bandia of the Buta district, northern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made from the hard shell of borassus palm fruit. One end is sawn off and two short lengths of stick are hung inside as clappers. The bell is similar in shape and size to cowbells used elsewhere in the world. It is used in traditional dance music, together with ...

Article

Akofe  

Animal-horn trumpet of the Ewe people of Ghana.

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Xylophone of the Bandia people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has six to ten loose bars placed across two parallel tree (usually banana) trunks laid on the ground. Sometimes it is placed over a pit to increase the sonority. It is played only by men....

Article

Term of the Igbo people of Nigeria for clappers or a single-headed drum.

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Akpossi  

Drum of the Nago people of Benin.

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Akya  

Popular wooden flute of the Tiv people of Nigeria. It is cruciform with a fingerhole at the end of each arm and used with skin drums and slit drums to accompany dancing.

Article

Samha El-Kholy

( b Cairo, May 6, 1916; d Cairo, May 14, 1993). Egyptian composer . He was educated at a French school in Cairo, the Collège des Frères, obtaining a diploma in commercial studies. There he played clarinet and horn in the school band, and sang in the choir. He also received private violin lessons from the German Joseph Aubervon, but after nine years an accident obliged him to give up the instrument, and he turned to composition. He took lessons in theory and composition with Aubervon, Minato and other European teachers resident in Cairo, and with the Russian Orlovitsky. After leaving school he worked for the Philips recording company. This period (the late 1940s and early 1950s) saw him composing patriotic and love songs for famous singers such as Shādia and Ragā’ ‘Abdū. In ...

Article

Alamoru  

Peter Cooke

End-blown flute of the Teso and Karamoja areas of Uganda, also reported in Kenya. It has two or four fingerholes and is blown obliquely. It is a pastoral instrument, presumably made of cane or bamboo, and in Teso there are two types: a short flute (50 cm) with fingerholes near the bottom end, which is cut at an angle, and a long one (117 cm) with four fingerholes near the middle and a small gourd bell about 5 cm in diameter....

Article

(bIsmâ’ ilîya, Egypt, June 8, 1931). Frenchsinger and pianist. He studied music in Paris and played piano with Don Byas (1955) and Stephane Grappelli (1957). He was a singer with the Blue Stars (1955–6), toured and recorded with the Double Six (...

Article

Alele  

Notched flute of the Edo/Bini people of Nigeria.

Article

Country in North Africa. Algeria is the second-largest country in the African continent, with an area of 2,381,741 km² and a population of 31·6 million (2000). Its wide musical diversity reflects its geographic proximity to Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Tunisia and Western Sahara, as well as its physical and historical links with Europe. Sunni Islam is the state religion, and a regional form of Arabic is used, although French and Berber are also widely spoken. Most of the country's inhabitants live in the large cities of the ...

Article

Aligogo  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Slit drum of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Two kinds exist: a small zoomorphic form among the Mamvu people and a trapezoidal form among the Bari and Bangba of the northeastern DRC.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi...

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Alimba  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Xylophone of the Kusu people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has seven or eight bars laid loosely on two banana-tree logs about one metre long and placed about 70 cm apart.

G.H.R. Knosp: Enquête sur la vie musicale au Congo Belge, vol.3 (Tervuren, 1968), 27....

Article

Alindi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Double-headed drum of the Komo and Lega peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is conical, 40 to 50 cm tall, head diameter 25 to 30 cm, foot diameter 10 to 20 cm. The wild-goat-skin heads are laced together in a V pattern and the upper head is beaten with a stick in one hand and also by the other hand. It is used only to accompany dances....

Article

Allun  

Frame drum of the Berber people, particularly of Morocco (the High Atlas). Its width varies from 40 to 75 cm and its depth from 8 to 15 cm. It is similar to the bendīr, but usually has no snares.

B. Lortat-Jacob: Musique et fêtes au Haut-Atlas...