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Article

Betene  

Monique Brandily

Side-blown horn of the Kotoko people of central Chad and northern Cameroon. The horn is either from a bubal antelope or a damalisk (both types of hartebeest antelope); a rectangular mouthhole is cut in the side. A cowhorn bell is glued on with beeswax and then tied to the instrument. A little calabash lid, hanging from the horn on a cord, closes the bell to protect the inside when it is not being played. A feather is used to clean the mouthhole when the playing is interrupted. ...

Article

Bi  

K.A. Gourlay

Root term in the Benue-Congo language group for double-headed cylindrical drums found in the Jos Plateau and adjoining areas of Nigeria. The term bi is used by the Jaba people, bin by the Katav, Kagoro, Morwa, and Pyem, biyin by the Kaje, bing by the Birom, and ...

Article

Bell of the Somali and Galla peoples of East Africa.

Article

Bili  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Double-headed drum of the Logo people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The wooden body is tall and slightly conical. The antelope-skin heads are tied together with leather thongs and beaten with sticks. It is played with other drums, but never with the larimva...

Article

Bilil  

Monique Brandily

End-blown idioglot clarinet of northern Chad. The tube is made from reed, and the number of fingerholes varies according to the area—four in Tibesti and five or six in Kanem. The length varies between 20 and 25 cm. The reed is cut in the side of the tube close to the top. The instrument takes its name from a piece of repertory of the double clarinet ...

Article

Bilim  

Double-headed cylindrical drum with laced heads, of the Mundang people of Chad. The drum is placed on the ground and each head is beaten by one hand of the drummer. The drum has been recorded providing rhythmic accompaniment with an end-blown trumpet and gourd vessel rattle for a women’s dance at the funeral ceremony of a woman healer....

Article

Bimbi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Bullroarer of the Sango people of the northwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made of wood, ovoid in shape, and attached by a cord to a stick by which it is whirled.

J.S. Laurenty: Systématique des aerophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 27....

Article

Binga  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Whistle of the Pende people in the southwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The conical wooden tube has one or two fingerholes in a natural spur projecting from the side.

J.S. Laurenty: Systématique des aerophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 124.

Article

Clapperless bell of the Wumbu people of Gabon. It is reportedly made of iron, about 50 cm long, and held in the hand while struck with a beater.

Article

Bisanji  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Lamellaphone of the Luluwa people of the south-western Democratic Republic of the Congo. The resonator, usually rectangular, can be made of hard wood with a variable number of metal tongues or of very soft wood with bamboo tongues.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi...

Article

Bizitu  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Set of whistles of the Mbanja people of the north-western Democratic Republic of the Congo. The whistles are made of wood in different sizes and shapes, though all have a conical bore and are threaded on a cord or wire and worn around the neck or wrist. Other names are ...

Article

Bogongo  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Obscure three-string harp-zither of the Binga of the Central African Republic. It probably resembles the mvet, a stick with a notched bridge in the middle but no added resonator. It is played resting on the thighs of a performer seated on the ground, to accompany hunting and other songs....

Article

Bokenza  

K.A. Gourlay

Cylindro-conical double-headed drum of the Konda and Nkundo peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Konda drum is about 58 cm tall and the Nkundo about 44 cm. The cone is narrow and elongated, giving a goblet-shaped appearance without a supporting base, and the upper head is fastened by parallel cords which, at the point where the cylinder gives way to the cone, take the form of a net covering the cone. Traditionally the ...

Article

Bokio  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Single-headed drum of the Kota and Kutu peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The footed wooden body is about 80 cm tall. The head can be of antelope, snake, or crocodile skin, usually laced to the body with leather thongs. It is beaten by the hands....

Article

Bokuka  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Trapezoidal slit drum of the Mongo, Nkundo, and Kota peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made of wood and averages about 50 to 70 cm tall and 75 to 90 cm long. It is wider at the bottom than at the top. Larger examples have been reported. The Mongo also call it ...

Article

Bol  

Timkehet Teffera

Flute of the Berta people of western Ethiopia and southern Sudan. It is an end-blown one-note bamboo pipe without fingerholes. 12 to 25 bols of different pitches are played in hocket in ensemble (called bol negero and variant names) with a wooden kettledrum (...

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Bolange  

Xylophone of the Susu and Koranko peoples of Sierra Leone. It has about 20 bars, each with a separate gourd resonator with mirliton. The musician usually wears rattles strung around his wrists.

See also Bote.

Article

Bolima  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Six-string pluriarc of the Ngando and Yasayama peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Ngando call it also esandju.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1960), 143–8.

See also Esandju; Lukombe ; Pluriarc.

Article

Bolo  

Lamellaphone of the Sapa people of Liberia, with nine tongues on a flat board; it corresponds to the Toma gruzavewonigi.

See also Gruzavewonigi .

Article

Konin Aka

Single-string harp of the Senufo people of the Ivory Coast. The string extends from a curved neck and is plucked by one hand while the other strikes the skin-covered calabash resonator. An ensemble may consist of nine harps, eight tuned in unison, the ninth a fourth higher. The music played by ...