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Deane L. Root

[James; Babcock, Edward Chester]

(b Syracuse, NY, Jan 26, 1913; d Rancho Mirage, CA, Feb 7, 1990). American composer, publisher and pianist. At the age of 16 he became a pianist, singer and announcer for a radio station and adopted his professional name. He then studied singing with Howard Lyman and wrote college shows at Syracuse University. In 1933 he replaced Harold Arlen as composer at the Cotton Club in Harlem, and worked as a pianist and song plugger for Tin Pan Alley publishers, including Remick and Santley Brothers. He had his first songwriting success in 1938 with It’s the dreamer in me (in collaboration with Jimmy Dorsey) and wrote for the bandleader Eddie DeLange before teaming up with the lyricist Johnny Burke in 1939. Together Burke and Van Heusen wrote the songs for 16 of Bing Crosby’s best-known films, including Road to Morocco (1942) and others of the ‘Road to …’ series, and ...


Marysol Quevedo

(b Mayagüez, PR, March 9, 1952). Puerto Rican composer, concert producer, university professor, lecturer, and editor. Vázquez is one of the leading figures in electroacoustic music composition in Puerto Rico. He has also contributed to the symphonic, choral, chamber, and musical theater repertories. He studied at the University of Puerto Rico, and obtained the masters degree from the University of Pittsburgh in 1976. Vázquez has also studied composition at New York University and La Sorbonne in Paris, where he completed the doctorate. His composition professors include Rafael Aponte Ledée, Frank McCarty, and Bruce Saylor. Vázquez has been a professor and the director of the Electronic Music Lab at the University of Puerto Rico since 1978. He is also the founder of the National Association of Puerto Rican Composers. His works have been premiered and performed by diverse ensembles in Europe and America, and he has participated in several contemporary regional and international contemporary music festivals, such as the Latin American Music Festival of Caracas, and the International Electroacoustic Music Festival of Varadero, Cuba. In ...


Louis Jambou

(b Ecija, Seville, c1510; d Taracena, Guadalajara, Dec 27, 1570). Spanish composer and compiler . He was a priest in the diocese of Toledo and served the Cardinal of Toledo, Juan Tavera, between 1535 and the cardinal's death in 1545. He became administrator of the Hospital of San Juan Bautista, Toledo, on 25 July 1570 but retired through ill-health on 22 November in the same year. In his will he asked his heirs to arrange the printing of his work Armonya de los tres mundos (lost).

His Libro de cifra nueva (Alcalá de Henares, 1557; ed. H. Anglès, MME, ii, 1944) is dedicated to Diego de Tavera, Bishop of Jaén and the cardinal's nephew. It was intended as the first of seven volumes. The book features a new variant of tablature notation in which the ciphers 1 to 7 represent diatonic degrees of a scale. This notation was later employed in Antonio de Cabezón's ...


Albert Clement

(b Middelburg, Sept 11, 1739; bur. Vlissingen, May 5, 1809). Dutch organist, composer and lexicographer. After taking the doctorate in law (Harderwijk, 1765), he practised as a lawyer in Middelburg. However, in his youth he had studied with the local well-known violinist and cellist I. Gerzony and the keyboard player Benjamin Bouchart, who succeeded Pieter Bustijn as city organist and carillonneur in Middelburg, and in 1769 he was appointed organist of the Jacobskerk in Vlissingen, where he moved in 1774. There he taught, advised on organs and served as organist at the freemason’s lodge. He retired from the Jacobskerk in 1794. Of his many compositions only the CL psalmen and the Mengeldichten have survived; the CL psalmen, written in a more secular, Italianate style, seem to have been popular abroad. His writings concerning music, especially his Muzijkaal kunst-woordenboek (the first music lexicon in the Dutch language), are of particular musicological importance as they contain much detailed information about a wide variety of subjects, especially those pertaining to the Netherlands....


Robert Machold

(b ?Hultschin, Silesia [now Hlucin, nr Racibórz] or ?Hültschken [now Holičky], Bohemia; d probably at Munich, 1639). Music editor and composer. His possible places of birth derive from descriptions of him as ‘Hultzinensis’ (in his manuscript Magnificat of 1591 in D-Mbs ) and ‘Huldschönensis’ (RISM 1596²). In 1591 he was magister chori at the Jesuit college at Munich, and he held this post until at least 1616. From 1601 to 1608 he also taught the choristers of the Munich Hofkapelle, and he was on friendly terms with Rudolph de Lassus (whose lost Cygnaeum melos he apparently edited for publication in 1626). In 1624 he was teaching at the Peterskirche, Munich, and shortly afterwards was ordained priest. He is known principally for his editing of three collections of sacred music, which include a total of 23 of his own compositions, as well as arrangements by him. As a composer he was thoroughly schooled in 16th-century polyphony but was increasingly drawn to ...


Gilles Potvin

(b Natashquan, Quebec, Oct 27, 1928). Canadian songwriter, singer, poet and publisher . He wrote poems and songs while teaching French and mathematics in Quebec City. He first sang publicly in 1960 and his success led to a first recording in 1962. Two years later, his song Jack Monoloy won second prize at an international competition in Sopot, Poland. His best-known song is Mon pays, also sung at Sopot in 1965. He has toured extensively in Canada and French-speaking countries of Europe. He was awarded a Grand Prix du Disque by the Académie Charles Cros in 1970 and 1984. Vigneault’s songs are about the people of Quebec, specifically those who live on his native north shore of the St Lawrence. Some of his songs contain social protest, some are simple love stories, some are whimsical and humorous.

EMC2 (C. Rioux) M. Gagné: Gilles Vigneault (Quebec City, 1977)...


Percy M. Young

(b Herwigsdorf, nr Zittau, Jan 28, 1645; d Leipzig, Feb 3, 1715). German music editor and composer . He attended the Gymnasium in Zittau and showed such promise that in due course he was promoted choir leader. He later studied at Leipzig University. On 3 July 1671 he was appointed collaborator ultimus at the Nikolaischule at Leipzig, and on 31 March 1677 he became Kantor there and at the Nikolaikirche. He taught syntax, Latin etymology, prosody, Greek Testament and geography as well as music, and he also supervised Bible reading and poetry exercises. He remained there until his death, in spite of the comment in a visitation of 1712 that he had become an embarrassment to the institution. He published Neu Leipziger Gesangbuch, von den schönsten und besten Liedern verfasset … mit 4. 5. bis 6. Stimmen, deren Melodeyen theils aus Johann Herman Scheins Cantional, und andern guten Autoribus zusammen getragen, theils aber selbsten componiret...


Robert Lee Weaver

[Huberto] [Waelrandus, Hubertus]

(b c1517; d Antwerp, Nov 19, 1595). Flemish composer, music editor, singer and teacher. He was an innovator among mid-16th-century Flemish composers, and his style bridges the period between that of Gombert and the mature Lassus. His works are characterized by careful attention to the relationship between text and music, reflecting the current humanistic outlook, and by chromatic harmony and inventiveness in the use of dissonances.

Waelrant’s name appears with numerous spellings, including Waelrans, Waelramst, Waelranck, Waralt and Vuaelrant, but in his own publications he consistently used the forms Waelrant, Waelrand or Waelrandus. His life and activities were centred in Antwerp, but much confusion arises from the fact that there were several men with this name in the city at the time, including at least two lawyers named Hubertus Waelrant: a father and son (c1521–74 and c1546–1621). Persoons (1979, p.147) argued the existence of a third lawyer with this name; Spiessens (...


Harry Eskew

(b nr Cross Keys, SC, May 6, 1809; d Spartanburg, SC, Sept 24, 1875). American composer and tune book compiler . His first and most famous tune book Southern Harmony (New Haven, CT, 1835, 5/1854R) was published in four-shape notation. A tune book rich in folk hymnody, Southern Harmony was the first collection to publish several well-known folk hymns, including Amazing Grace with its now-familiar tune ‘New Britain’, and was perhaps the most popular tune book in the South before the Civil War. Walker’s second tune book, intended as a supplement to Southern Harmony, was the Southern and Western Pocket Harmonist (Philadelphia, 1846); it included a greater number of revival spirituals. Following the Civil War, Walker, under the influence of Lowell Mason and others, changed to a seven-shape note system of his own invention for his Christian Harmony (Philadelphia, 1867, 2/1872/R); it included more European music and more pieces by Mason and his followers. Walker’s last collection, ...


Raoul F. Camus

[Frank, Fred L.]

(b Gurdon, AR, Sept 29, 1918; d Hollywood, FL, Oct 22, 1984). American composer, arranger, and editor. He studied at the Cincinnati Conservatory of Music, the American University, and, while serving as chief arranger and tuba player with the US Navy Band, at the Washington College of Music (DM 1943). His teacher and friend Nadia Boulanger encouraged him to pursue a career as a composer. After leaving the navy, he composed and conducted music for theatrical performances, and from 1954 to 1980 wrote arrangements for the Purdue University Band. From 1949 he was associated with Rubank Music Publishers as a composer, arranger, and editor. He prepared instrumental methods, and more than 1500 of his compositions were published, of which the best-known are works for band. His educational materials were much admired, and his compositions were among the staples of school bands. Several of his works appeared under the pseudonym Fred L. Frank....