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Su Zheng

(b Wuchang, March 18, 1904; d Shanghai, Sept 15, 1968). Chinese musicologist and teacher . After graduating in 1931 from a teachers’ college in Shanghai, he studied privately from 1932 to 1935 with the Russian Jewish musician Aaron Avshalomov. He also kept contact with leading Chinese traditional musicians, and later with Beijing opera actors. He taught the history of Western and Chinese music at Hujiang University from 1940 to 1946, and the State Music School of Shanghai (later the Shanghai Conservatory of Music) from 1946 to 1949. After the Communist revolution he held leading positions on the faculty at the Conservatory. He died tragically in the Cultural Revolution.

Apart from his broad and thorough knowledge of both Chinese and Western music, Shen was much admired as an inspirational teacher. He was chief editor, compiler or translator of several influential publications. He also composed works for orchestra such as Xiao zuqu...


Teresa M. Gialdroni

(b Palermo, Dec 24, 1937). Italian musicologist, son of Ottavio Ziino . After studying with Aurelió Roncaglia and Luigi Ronga at Rome University and graduating in 1962, he taught history of music at Perugia Conservatory (1962–3). Subsequently he studied musicology at Freiburg University with Reinhold Hammerstein, at the Pontificio Istituto di Musica Sacra in Rome with Eugène Cardine and Higini Anglès and at the Scuola di Paleografia e Filologia Musicale in Cremona with Raffaello Monterosso and Federico Mompellio. He taught music history at Cremona, (1967–71), and later at the universities of Messina, Siena (1979–81), Naples (1981–95) and at the Tor Vergata University, Rome, in 1995. He was visiting professor at UCLA during 1986 and has also lectured at Certaldo.

His principal research interests are medieval Italian and French music, with particular reference to the lauda and the Ars Nova. He has identified a number of important manuscript sources, including the Turin manuscript T.III.2 at the Bibliotecà Nazionale Universitaria, and has also worked on subjects from later periods, such as Lorenzo il Magnifico, Palestrina and Tasso, Pietro della Valle, Francesco Lambardi, Stradella and the Roman Baroque cantata, the 18th-century ...


Shelly C. Cooper

(b Peoria, IL, March 15, 1929; d Urbana, IL, Feb 15, 1995). American music educator and scholar. She earned degrees from Illinois Wesleyan University (BA 1951) and the University of Illinois (MS 1955, EdD 1963). She taught for three years in the Illinois public schools before joining the music faculties at Illinois Wesleyan University (1955–6), Southern Illinois University (1956–9), University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (1959–64, 1968–71, 1987–93), and Northwestern University (1964–8). She held several visiting professor positions, including director of the graduate program in music education at Temple University (1978–9) and Distinguished Flora Stone Mather Visiting Professor at Case Western University (1980–81). Known for her seminal research in music conservation based on the work of Jean Piaget, she published more than 50 articles. Among her publications are Musical Characteristics of Children (Reston, VA 1971...


Viorel Cosma

revised by Ruxandra Arzoiu

(b Roman, July 14, 1883; d Sibiu, March 23, 1946). Romanian composer, musicologist, and teacher. He was a Romantic composer and a representative of the national Romanian school (through language and ethos). He studied at the Iaşi Conservatory (1902–5) with G. Musicescu, T. Cerne (harmony), and E. Mezzetti (singing), and then took composition lessons with C. Gatti at the Milan Conservatory (1905–7, 1909–11), and became Magister in composition (1911). Returning to the Iaşi Conservatory to teach harmony (1907–9, 1911–25, 1931–40), he directed the institution from 1922 until 1924, and he was also professor of harmony and singing and director of the Cernăuţi Conservatory (1925–31, now Chernovtsy, Ukraine); in these appointments he established a reputation as a remarkable teacher.

As a composer he was above all attracted to the theatre. Most of his six stage works are based on episodes in Romanian history, and all attest to his supreme handling of the dramatic-lyrical genre of which (together with Caudella, Drăgoi, Nottara, and Stephănescu) he was an originator. His greatest achievements in this manner were the opera ...


Stana Duric-Klajn

(b Belgrade, May 25, 1901; d Belgrade, June 29, 1964). Serbian composer, musicologist, teacher and conductor. He studied at the Stanković Music School in Belgrade, where he also graduated in law in 1924; his composition studies were continued with Grabner at the Leipzig Conservatory (1925–9) and with d’Indy at the Schola Cantorum (1929–31). He directed the Stanković Music School (1937–47) and taught at the Belgrade Academy of Music (1937–64), where he was professor of composition, rector (1951–7) and dean (1957–60). At the latter institution he was responsible for the training of many who later became leading composers. In 1958 he was elected to corresponding membership of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. His compositions treat folk elements in a modern harmonic style, and his treatise on harmony is an original contribution.

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Ian Mikyska

(b Brno, 13 March 1966). Czech composer, pedagogue, and writer on music, son of zdeněk zouhar. He studied composition at the Janáček Academy of Music and Performing Arts (JAMU) in Brno (with Miloš Ištván and alois piňos) and musicology at the Masaryk University, followed by post-graduate studies at the Hochschule für Musik und darstellende Kunst Graz (with Herman Markus Preßl and younghi pagh-paan) and JAMU. He remains an external pedagogue at both these institutions, as well as being active as a researcher at the Palacký University Olomouc (vice-dean starting in 2010), Ostrava University, and Masaryk University.

His brand of postmodernism is surprisingly respectful, using disparate materials in a serious manner, and generally staying with a few pieces of material for the duration of a piece or movement. Often composed in an additive, evolutionary structure, his works are sonically reminiscent of New York post-minimalism, but are very European in their approach to expressivity and emotional intensity. This approach includes both the intense rhythms of ...


Grigory L′vovich Golovinsky

(b Brailov, Ukraine, Oct 6, 1903; d Moscow, Sept 30, 1988). Russian musicologist and teacher. He graduated from the Kiev Conservatory, having studied the piano with Boleslav Yavorsky, Felix Blumenfeld and Grigory Kogan, and music theory with Yavorsky and A.A Al′shvang. From 1923 to 1926 he lectured on musicology at the Kiev Conservatory after which he taught at the Moscow Conservatory, where he was head of one of its music theory departments (1936–42) and professor from 1939. While teaching at the conservatory he obtained the Kandidat degree (1931) and the doctorate (1958). He was also active in the Union of Soviet Composers and was awarded the Order of the Red Labour Banner (1947), the Order of Lenin (1953) and the title of Honoured Worker of Art of the RSFSR (1966). He trained many prominent Russian musicologists, including I.A. Barsova and Grigor′yeva, and composers, such as Denisov, Eshpay and Peyko....