5,981-6,000 of 57,944 results

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Josef Häusler

(b Niu-chang, China, Jan 19, 1903; b Berlin, Jan 30, 1975). German composer of Baltic descent.

In 1922 he went to Berlin, where he initially studied architecture and mathematics at the wish of his parents. He studied composition with Friedrich Ernst Koch at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (...

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Alena Němcová and Geoffrey Chew

(b Ostrava-Vítkovice, June 14, 1913; d Prague, Jan 10, 1985). Czech tenor. He came from a poor mining family and at 14 worked in the iron works. He sang in a church choir, and in the Ostrava opera chorus. He studied at the Prague Conservatory under Louis Kadeřábek (1935–9) and made his début as Jeník with the Olomouc Opera in 1939. Under the director, Karel Nedbal, he studied 18 parts, notably Laca in Jenůfa and the Prince in Rusalka. He joined the Prague National Theatre in 1941 and was soon given Heldentenor roles; an excellent performance of Dalibor in 1945 made his name as the leading Czech tenor, whose Smetana roles, Laca in Jenůfa, and later Ondrej in Suchoň’s The Whirlpool were regarded as models. He was also in demand for concerts, in which he sang tenor parts in cantatas and oratorios (including Berlioz's La damnation de Faust...

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Howard Rye

Record company and label. The company was established in New York in 1943 by Les Schreiber with initial issues by Art Hodes and Cliff Jackson. In 1945 it was purchased by Paul and Lillian Reiner and relocated in Los Angeles; Ralph Bass was engaged as recording director. The jazz catalogue included contributions from Barney Bigard, Lil Armstrong, and Willie “the Lion” Smith as well as from younger musicians, such as Erroll Garner, Jack McVea, and Wilbert Baranco. Although it existed only until ...

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Howard Rye

Record company and label. The company was established in France in 1968 and was devoted to hot jazz and blues. At first most of the records were reissues of material originally put out on small American labels; later the company began recording its own repertory. As well as sponsoring sessions in the USA it recorded the work of African-American musicians when they visited France. Within a few years Black and Blue’s rapidly expanding catalogue of material by such musicians as Buddy Tate, Jo Jones, Milt Buckner, Sammy Price, Jay McShann, Illinois Jacquet, Ray Bryant, and Panama Francis had made the company one of the most important sources of swing and mainstream jazz in the world; it continued to make new recordings into the early 1990s. In the late 1990s the company was engaged in repackaging its back catalogue, including much previously unissued material, on CDs....

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Nickname of Arthur Blythe.

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Ryan D.W. Bruce

Community artists’ organization founded in St Louis in 1968. Headed by the free-jazz proponents Oliver Lake, Julius Hemphill, Hamiet Blueitt, and Lester Bowie, this multi-arts collective produced poetry, dance, theatre, and visual arts. Musicians frequently collaborated with others from the Chicago-based Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians...

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Tammy L. Kernodle

The Black Arts Movement is most commonly referred to as the artistic arm of the Black Power Movement. Although it has largely been referred to as a literary movement—due in large part to the impact of writers such as Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), Larry Neal, and Nikki Giovanni—the movement’s goals were also advanced by musicians, painters, photographers and filmmakers. Aesthetically and philosophically the movement and its leaders sought to articulate and represent, through various forms of artistic expression, the diverse cultural and historical phenomenon that have shaped the African American experience. Its beginnings can be traced to the assassination of Malcolm X (El Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) in ...

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Pauline Norton

A quick-tempo American social dance, particularly of the 1920s. It is thought to have originated in the early 1900s in the ‘juke’ (black) bawdy houses of the ‘Bottoms’, the black quarter of Nashville. The movements of the dance as described in Perry Bradford's song The Original Black Bottom Dance...

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Mike Hazeldine

Septet. Formed in Chicago in 1927 to record for Brunswick and Vocalion, it was led by Johnny Dodds (clarinet); his sidemen were Louis Armstrong (cornet), Roy Palmer (trombone), Barney Bigard (tenor saxophone), Earl Hines (piano), Bud Scott (banjo), and Baby Dodds (drums). Johnny Dodds and Armstrong had earlier recorded for OKeh as members of the Hot Five (...

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Black Eagle at the 2005 Grammy Awards, Los Angeles.

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Akitsugu Kawamoto

American hip-hop group. It was formed in 1995 in Los Angeles by will.i.am (William James Adams, Jr.; b Inglewood, CA, 15 March 1975; rapping, vocals, various instruments), apl.de.ap (Allan Pineda Lindo, Jr.; b Angeles City, Philippines, 28 November 1975; rapping, drums), and Taboo (Jaime Luis Gómez; ...

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Lukas Pearse

Hardcore punk band founded in Hermosa Beach, California, in 1976 by the guitarist and songwriter Greg Ginn (b 8 June 1954). Key members included the singers Keith Morris, Dez Cadena, and notably Henry Rollins (1981–6); the bass players Chuck Dukowski and Kira Roessler; and the drummers Robo and Bill Stevenson. One of the definitive hardcore bands of its era, Black Flag toured extensively and helped to establish the alternative rock circuit. Their strong DIY ethos inspired countless other bands, as did their forming the record label SST, which despite legal difficulties, released albums by important bands including Sonic Youth, Hüsker Dü, and Dinosaur Jr. The band’s name and its distinctive visual imagery were provided by Ginn’s brother, the artist Raymond Pettibon, helping to establish the trend of hardcore bands adopting easily copied symbols....

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Gary W. Kennedy

Record company and label established in the mid-1980s in San Francisco by Herb Wong as a division of Aspen Records, Inc. Its catalogue of approximately 37 albums included the first issue of recordings made by Dizzy Gillespie (with the duo of Willie Ruff and Dwike Mitchell, variously ...

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Mark Gardner

Record company and label. The company was established in Glenview, Illinois, in 1971 by Gene Russell, who produced sessions in both New York and Los Angeles. Black Jazz was distributed by Ovation, Inc., of Glenview.

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Barry Kernfeld and Howard Rye

Record company and label. The company was established by Alan Bates in London around 1968; from that time, apart from a period of inactivity in the early 1980s, it has issued material in two series. The International Series contains new recordings by such musicians as Stephane Grappelli, Barney Kessel, Dexter Gordon, Hampton Hawes, Earl Hines, Teddy Wilson, Philly Joe Jones, Sun Ra, Paul Gonsalves, Ray Nance, and Thelonious Monk. In addition it is used to reissue much very diverse material: swing and bop first put out on Sunset; recordings of broadcasts made by Art Tatum and Jay McShann; V-discs by Tatum; items recorded in Europe in the 1960s by Ben Webster, Hines, Bud Freeman, Bud Powell, Don Byas, and Coleman Hawkins; and lesser-known items by Duke Ellington. The British Series consists mainly of newly made recordings by Chris Barber, Freddy Randall, Humphrey Lyttelton, and Alex Welsh, among others. The company also had a subsidiary, Freedom, which was used for free jazz, though some exchange of material took place between the two labels; as a result, when Arista bought Freedom in ...

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20. Black note heads without stems, flags, or beams, allowing the pianist to determine durations (Morton Feldman, “Last Pieces” no.2, 1959; New York, 1963) n/a

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Howard Rye

Record label. It was owned by the Chicago Record Company and was founded around February 1927 by Edward Jenner Barrett, a former Paramount executive, Fred Gennett, manager of Gennett Records, and J. Mayo Williams, who had previously been responsible for artists and repertory for Paramount’s race series. The label was named after the opera singer Sissieretta Jones, who was known as “Black Patti.” The first 20 of its 55 issues were advertised in ...

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Maureen Mahon

American arts organization founded in New York in October 1985 and in Los Angeles in 1989. It was formed by African American musicians, artists, and music industry professionals based in New York in response to the race-based assumptions about music-making that dominated the 1980s. The BRC addresses the racial segregation of music in the recording industry and provides an outlet for African American rock musicians to develop and promote their craft. Its co-founders were the guitarist Vernon Reid, the writer Greg Tate, and the artist manager Konda Mason. A non-profit organization run by volunteers, it stages concerts, sponsors panel discussions, produces recordings, and hosts a radio show in order to draw attention to the breadth of musical sounds and styles engaged by African American musicians....

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Robert Walser

English heavy metal band. Formed in 1968, it underwent many personnel changes but its classic line-up was Ozzy Osbourne (John Osbourne; b Birmingham, 3 Dec 1948; vocals), Tony Iommi (b Birmingham, 19 Feb 1948; guitar), Bill Ward (b Birmingham, 5 May 1948; drums) and Geezer Butler (Terry Butler; ...

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Barry Kernfeld

Italian record company and label. The company was established in 1975 in Milan by Giacomo Pellicciotti, then taken over and greatly expanded from 1978 by Giovanni Bonandrini. Concentrating on free jazz, it has issued many significant recordings by such individuals and groups as David Murray, Don Pullen, Air, Steve Lacy, Old and New Dreams, Lester Bowie, the World Saxophone Quartet, Roscoe Mitchell, Anthony Braxton, Muhal Richard Abrams, George Lewis (ii), John Carter, Sam Rivers, and the Rova Saxophone Quartet. Bonandrini remains passionately devoted to championing avant-garde jazz, popular or not: because Polygram had eventually become unwilling to distribute the portion of Black Saint’s catalogue which was selling in only modest numbers, in ...