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Elizabeth Forbes

(b Lessebo, July 10, 1939). Swedish tenor . He studied in Stockholm, making his début in 1962 as a baritone at Göteborg. He made his tenor début in 1967 as Grigory at the Royal Opera, Stockholm. He created Martin in Braein’s Anne Pedersdottor (...

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A. Menéndez Aleyxandre and Antoni Pizà

(b La Garriga, Barcelona, Aug 12, 1897; d Jan 8, 1987). Spanish composer. Although he was mainly self-taught, he had early lessons with his father, a pianist and composer, and then studied analysis, form and orchestration with Lamote de Grignon. From the age of 20 he travelled throughout Europe and America as a representative for the Victoria piano-roll company, which his father had founded in ...

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Angel Medina

(b La Garriga, Barcelona, 1928). Spanish conductor and composer, the son of Manuel Blancafort. Among Alberto's teachers was Nadia Boulanger. He participated in the emergence of the Spanish avant garde through belonging to the Falla Circle and was one of the founders of the Grupo Nueva Música (Madrid, ...

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(b Pernes-les-Fontaines, Feb 28, 1696, d Versailles, April 10, 1770). French composer. The son of a doctor, he joined the choir school at the cathedral of St Sauveur, Aix-en-Provence, at the age of eight. His teacher was Poitevin, who had also taught Gilles, Campra and Pellegrin. He was dismissed in ...

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Hugh Macdonald

(b Bordeaux, ?April 1791; d Paris, Dec 18, 1858). French violinist, composer, dramatist and critic. His date of birth, given as 7 February 1778 in all reference works since Fétis, is contradicted by Blanchard himself in the Revue et gazette musicale (21 January 1838...

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Jaak Liivoja-Lorius and Philip J. Kass

(b Mirecourt, France, Feb 10, 1851; d Lyons, France, 1912). French violin maker. He was apprenticed in Mirecourt to Auguste Darte, a pupil of Vuillaume, in 1865; thereafter, he worked for a number of shops, including those of Daniel in Marseilles and, after ...

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Matthew Alan Thomas

(b New Orleans, LA, March 13, 1962). American trumpeter and film composer. He began piano lessons at the age of five and switched to trumpet in 1970. While enrolled at the New Orleans Center for Creative Arts (from 1978), he met the saxophonist Donald Harrison. In ...

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Elizabeth Forbes

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Frank Dobbins

(fl c1556). French composer. He was one of the ‘bons et scavantz musiciens’ who contributed nine works to two anthologies of four-voice chansons published by Michel Fezandat at Paris in 1556 (RISM 1556²0 and 1556²¹). Most of these chansons are settings of simple rustic poems in popular vein but they also include Ronsard’s ...

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William R. Dowd and John Koster

French family of harpsichord and piano makers, active from the end of the 17th century to the middle of the 19th. A Nicolas Blanchet, master instrument maker, worked in Paris in the first half of the 17th century, but his relationship to the later family is unknown. The founder of the family firm was Nicolas Blanchet (...

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Charles Hopkins

(b Lausanne, July 17, 1877; d Pully, nr Lausanne, March 27, 1943). Swiss pianist and composer. After early studies with his father, the organist Charles Blanchet (1833–1900), and then with his mother, Marie Schnyder, an excellent pianist, Blanchet attended the Cologne Conservatory from the age of 18, where his teachers included Gustave Jensen for harmony and counterpoint, Friedrich Wilhelm Frankel and Seiss. In ...

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Mary Cyr

(b Tournon, Sept 10, 1724; d Paris, 1778). French writer. He was the author of a treatise on singing entitled L'art ou les principes philosophiques du chant (Paris, 1756). He was not a musician; he referred to himself as ‘un homme de lettres amateur’. His work is largely concerned with physical aspects of singing, such as sound production and breathing, based upon the earlier work of a physician and anatomist, Antoine Ferrein (...

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Hans-Christian Müller and Clytus Gottwald

(b 1480–1500). German composer. As nearly all his known compositions survive in Augsburg and Nuremberg sources, he may have lived in Bavaria, perhaps in Augsburg, and have been one of Senfl's contemporaries. He dedicated his déploration, Erravit primus nomen mihi, to the Augsburg singer Joannes Jordanus, mentioned by Tinctoris. Blanckenmüller may have had Protestant sympathies, for the collection ...

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Alicia Valdés Cantero

(b Mariel, nr Havana, Jan 29, 1929). Cuban composer. After private tuition with Leonor Feliú he moved to Havana (1935) and studied at the Peyrellade Conservatory, and was then taught composition by José Ardévol at the Conservatorio Municipal de La Habana. He formed part of the Sociedad Cultural Neustra Tiempo (...

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Frank Kidson, William C. Smith and Peter Ward Jones

English music publishers and instrument makers. The business, not to be confused with that of John Bland, was founded in London in 1784 by Anne Bland, who went into partnership with E. Weller in 1792. In addition to their publishing activities, which included country-dance collections and the first English edition of three Mozart piano sonatas (...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

English family of singers.

(b ?1768/9; d London Jan 15, 1838). Soprano and actress. She was said to have had Italian Jewish parents who came to England when she was very young and, despite reports of a certificate stating that she was born and baptized at Caen in Normandy in ...

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Dina M. Bennett

(b Rosemark, TN, Jan 27, 1930; d Germantown, TN, June 23, 2013). American blues singer. He moved to Memphis as a teenager and began his career as a gospel singer in the group the Miniatures before joining the Beale Streeters, a vocal group that included B.B. King, Little Junior Parker, Johnny Ace, and Roscoe Gordon. In the early 1950s he signed with Duke Records and recorded several singles that were released on three different R&B labels, but did not amount to any success. After being discharged from the US Army in ...

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Mike Hazeldine

(b Sedalia, MO, May 8, 1899; d ?). American guitarist and banjoist. He played banjo in and around St. Louis in the early 1920s before joining Red McKenzie’s Mound city blue blowers (1924), with which he recorded (1924–5, 1929–31) and appeared in the short film ...

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Charles Haywood

(b Flushing, NY, Oct 22, 1854; d Philadelphia, May 5, 1911). American minstrel performer and songwriter. He was educated in Washington, DC, where he enrolled in the law department of Howard University and was deeply moved by the spirituals and the rhythm and harmony of the work songs of labourers on the university campus. He learnt to play the banjo, taught himself the rudiments of harmony and began composing songs. He organized musical groups and performed at various social functions, where he soon became known as a versatile entertainer. He found the perfect outlet for his musical and theatrical talents in the minstrel show and joined the Original Black Diamonds of Boston as a leading performer in ...