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Frank Kidson, William C. Smith and Peter Ward Jones

(b ?London, c1750; d ?London, c1840). English music seller, instrument dealer and publisher. By 1776 he was established in London, where he remained active until his comparatively early retirement in 1795. In 1789 he went to Vienna to induce Haydn to visit England and to seek compositions from him and other composers, including Hoffmeister and Kozeluch. Bland is said to have been the hero of the ‘Razor’ Quartet story, in which he supposedly received the manuscript of the quartet, op.55 no.2, as a reward for presenting the composer with his English-style razor; however, the op.55 quartets were published in England not by Bland, but by Longman & Broderip in ...

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Gary W. Kennedy

(b Cleveland, Aug 14, 1971). American tenor saxophonist. His father was a bass player and his mother a pianist and singer. He attended LaGuardia High School for the Performing Arts, and while performing in New York with his parents (1987) he began working with them in the house band at the Village Gate. In addition he toured with Cab Calloway, Wynton Marsalis, Marcus Roberts, the Harper Brothers (recording in ...

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Ian Brookes

(b Broken Arrow, OK, July 26, 1914; d Broken Arrow, OK, Nov 13, 1995). American songwriter, composer, lyricist, arranger, and singer. He began his career as a singer, appearing in such Broadway musicals as New Faces of 1936 (1936), Hooray for What!...

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Emilia Zanetti and Hervé Audéon

(b Turin, Nov 18, 1781; d Paris, Dec 18, 1841). French composer, singing teacher and tenor of Italian birth. As a boy he sang in the Turin Cathedral choir and was a pupil of Bernardo Ottani. Arriving in Paris in 1799, he became fashionable as a singer, composer of salon music and singing teacher. He also opened a concert room at his home in the rue Basse-du-rempart de la Madeleine, which was run by his mother; he took part in concerts there (as did his sister Félicité, a pupil of Crescentini), notably when he was in Paris in ...

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Martin Brody

(b New York, Dec 27, 1925; d Bon Air, VA, November 12, 2013). American composer. In his youth, he studied the violin and attended the High School of Music and Arts in New York, where he developed an interest in composition and conducting. He held a fellowship in conducting at the Juilliard School (...

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Val Wilmer

(b New York, Dec 19, 1938). American drummer and percussionist. He grew up in Westchester, New York, in a musical family: his grandfather was a saxophonist, his mother was a dancer, and his father, William Blank, played trumpet with Cootie Williams. Having performed in high school and college bands, in the early 1960s he became the house drummer in Hank Mobley’s band at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem. He studied with Charli Persip and in ...

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(b Gouda, 1654; d The Hague, May 12, 1739). Dutch composer, organist, theorist and poet. He was the son of Gerbrant Quirijnszoon van Blankenburg (c1620–1707), organist in Zevenbergen and Gouda. He probably received his first instruction in music from his father. He started his musical career at an early age, as an organist in Rotterdam (...

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b New York, Oct 15, 1931). American baritone. He made his début in 1955 as Moralès (Carmen) at San Francisco, where his later roles included Paolo (Simon Boccanegra), Ping, Fra Melitone, Beckmesser and Schaunard. At Glyndebourne (1957–70) he sang Papageno, Harlequin (...

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Hans Heinrich Eggebrecht and Friedhelm Brusniak

(b Emleben, nr Gotha, July 31, 1903; d Schlüchtern, March 10, 1986). German theologian and musicologist. He came from a line of Lutheran ministers. After a classical education in Gotha and Altenburg (1914–22), he studied theology (1922–9) in Rostock and Göttingen; at the same time he studied musicology and history, first in Göttingen with Ludwig and Brandi, then in Freiburg with Gurlitt, Besseler and Ritter, and finally in Berlin with Schering and Blume. He took the doctorate in ...

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b Cologne, Dec 12, 1921). German bass-baritone . He studied in Stuttgart and Cologne, making his début in 1947 at Frankfurt as Mozart’s Figaro. In 1950 he was engaged at the Hamburg Staatsoper, where he remained for over 30 years. At Bayreuth (1954–60...

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b New York, March 24, 1954). American soprano, daughter of William Blankenship. She studied in New York, making her début in 1984 at Ulm as Idamantes, a mezzo role. She made her soprano début in 1986 as Katerina Izmaylova at Basle, where she also sang First Lady (...

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Elizabeth Forbes

(b Gatesville, tx, March 7, 1928). American tenor, father of Rebecca Blankenship. He studied at the Juilliard School and in Vienna, making his début in 1956 at Klagenfurt. He was engaged at Brunswick, Mannheim, Berne, Munich (from 1965) and the Vienna Volksoper and Staatsoper. He also sang at Aix-en-Provence (...

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(fl 1582–94). English composer. An Edward Blancq (or Blanke) was a London wait from 1582 to 1594. It is assumed that he is the ‘Maister Blankes’ listed among England’s ‘excellent Musitians’ in Francis Meres’s Palladis Tamia (London, 1598). Much of Blankes’s surviving music is either fairly insignificant or is incomplete. ...

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Marta Cureses

(b Alcoy, Feb 5, 1935). Spanish composer. He began his musical studies with the municipal band in Alcoy (1946–7), where he learnt to play the piccolo, flute, horn, piano and violin and was taught harmony. Between 1954 and 1958 he studied the piano, horn and composition at the Valencia Conservatory with Leopoldo Magenti, Miguel Falomir and Manuel Palau Boix respectively, completing his training with Miguel Asins Arbó. From ...

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Galina Grigor′yeva

(b Potshep, Chernihov region, 28 Jan/Feb 10, 1903; d Moscow, Sept 24, 1990). Russian composer. He studied at the music institutes of Kursk (violin and piano, 1915–17) and Moscow (1917–19), where he was a pupil of Mogilevsky (violin) and Kochetov and Potolovsky (theory). From ...

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J. Bradford Robinson

(b Chattanooga, TN, Oct 1918; d Los Angeles, July 30, 1942). American jazz double bass player. He played locally in groups led by his mother, a pianist, and attended Tennessee State College briefly before moving in the late 1930s to St Louis, where he performed with fellow black musicians in the Jeter–Pillars Orchestra and in Fate Marable’s riverboat bands. There he was discovered in late ...

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Geoffrey Norris

(b Orenburg, 14/Sept 26, 1841; d Nice, March 28, 1907). Russian composer and writer. He studied at the Alexander Lycée in St Petersburg until 1860, then joined the central statistics committee of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. He was the official Russian delegate to the International Statistical Congress at The Hague in ...

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Martin Bente and John Kmetz

(b Konstanz, April 4, 1492; d Winterthur, Dec 6, 1564). Swiss reformer and poet, active in Germany. He studied literature at Tübingen University from 1505 and received the MA degree in 1513. In 1510 he entered the Benedictine monastery at Alpirsbach, in the Black Forest, where he later became prior. He was musically inclined and, like Luther and Zwingli, played the lute. He had contact with the humanists of the time: his friendship with Melanchthon is attested by a lively exchange of letters, and through his brother Thomas, a student at Wittenberg University from ...

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Luis Robledo

(b ?Barrachina, Teruel province, c1561; d Madrid, Aug 6, 1631). Spanish composer, singer, guitarist and theorbo player. On 11 August 1592 in Alba de Tormes (near Salamanca) he received 30 reales for vihuela strings in his capacity as musician to the 5th Duke of Alba. At the duke’s court he formed a lasting friendship with Lope de Vega, through whose ...

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Blas-  

Prefix meaning ‘wind’, as in Blasinstrumente (‘wind instruments’), Blasorchester (‘wind band’) and Blasmusik (‘music for wind’).