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Article

Nicholas Tochka

(b Tirana, Albania, Sep 21, 1949). Albanian singer and composer. An amateur singer who was discovered while a student in economics in the mid-1970s, he went on to have a successful career as a member of Tirana’s State Estrada and, later, a composer. With his contemporaries Kozma Dushi, Liljana Kondakçiu, and Bashkim Alibali, he specialized in performing popular music, or light music songs, in the 1970s and 80s. Zhegu became a fixture at the annual Festival of Song and the Spring Festival organized by Radio Tirana, winning several prizes as a singer. He is best known for his interpretations of composer Aleksandër Lalo’s ...

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Joanna C. Lee

(b Beijing, July 8, 1953). Chinese-American composer. Born to artistic parents, he began piano lessons at an early age. During the Cultural Revolution he was sent to work on a rural state farm. He enrolled in Beijing’s Central Conservatory of Music when it reopened in ...

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Frank Kouwenhoven

(b Tianjin, Oct 18, 1922). Chinese composer. A self-taught musician, he began his musical career conducting an army brass band in the 1940s. In 1949 he started working in the Shanghai film industry, before studying at the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow (1955–60...

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Alla Vladimirovna Grigor′yeva

(b Zhytomyr, Ukraine, Aug 30, 1951). Russian composer. He studied with Chulaki at the Moscow Conservatory and completed a postgraduate course in 1980, when he was accepted into the Composers' Union. His artistic diversity manifests itself through the range of stylistic, linguistic and temporal sources he draws on in works which span the widest of genres. His ballet ...

Article

J.B. Steane

(b Kravaře, nr Opava, June 4, 1926; d May 19, 2003). Czech tenor . He studied in Ostrava, where he made his début as Werther (1944), then joined the Prague Opera in 1948, his roles including Tamino, Don Carlos, Siegmund, Hoffmann, Tom Rakewell and Peter Grimes. Many of his greatest successes were in Janáček operas, most notably as Gregor in ...

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Adrian Thomas

(b Poznań, Oct 9, 1953). Polish composer. While attending Koszewski's composition class at the Poznań Academy she was a violinist with the Duczmal Chamber Orchestra (1972–4) and the Poznań PO (1972–8). In 1983 she was appointed to the staff of the academy. She has worked in electronic studios in Poland and abroad, conducted multimedia and educational projects, especially as a founder-member of the group House of World Rhythms, and in ...

Article

Alan Blyth

(b Hofheim am Taunus, Feb 9, 1963). German soprano . She studied with Christoph Prégardien at the Musikhochschule in Frankfurt and with Elsa Cavelti. She made her début as Valencienne in Die lustige Witwe in Heidelberg in 1988, and then worked at the Deutsche Oper am Rhein (...

Article

Razia Sultanova

(b Fergana Basin, Feb 1, 1956). Uzbek dutār player. From 1970 to 1974 she attended the Fergana College of Art. From 1974 to 1979 she studied the dutār with Fakhriddin Sadyqov at the Tashkent State Conservatory, learning many pieces from the traditional classical repertory including well-known ...

Article

Malinda Britton Schantz

(b Moline, IL, Aug 7, 1926). American composer and musicologist. She studied at the University of Wisconsin, Madison (BM 1948), Columbia University Teachers College (MA 1949) and the University of Chicago. Her composition instructors included Karl Ahrendt and Alexander Tcherepnin. After teaching in the public schools, she joined the music department at Northeastern Illinois University (...

Article

Gary W. Kennedy

(b New York, April 14, 1945). American drummer. He began playing drums while at school and later studied theory at the Mannes College of Music. After graduation from CCNY in 1969 he moved to California, where from 1970 he appeared as a freelance with, among others, Ron McClure, Steve Swallow, Art Lande, Mike Nock, and Mel Martin, and worked regularly with Vince Guaraldi. In ...

Article

David Fanning

(b Moscow, April 19, 1965). Russian pianist. She studied with Ada Traub at the Gnesin Special Music School from 1971 to 1983, and then with Alexander Satz at the Gnesin Institute from 1983 to 1990. Her first prize in the Busoni Competition in ...

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Bryce Morrison

(b Zabrze, Dec 5, 1956). Polish pianist . He studied with Andrzeij Jasinski, first privately and then at the Katowice Conservatory. He gave his first recital at the age of six and in 1975 became the youngest-ever winner of the International Chopin Competition in Warsaw. Feeling the need to expand his horizons, Zimerman worked intensively with Rubinstein, one of his greatest musical heroes, in ...

Article

Durrell Bowman

(b Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Sept 12, 1957). German film composer, keyboardist, and producer, active in the United States. Hans Zimmer moved to London in his teens and later wrote jingles there for commercials. He briefly played synthesizers with the British New Wave rock band the Buggles (appearing in the video for “Video Killed the Radio Star” in ...

Article

G.J. Cederquist

(b Lincoln, NE, Aug 23, 1960). American Director, adapter, and educator. From a family of academics, Zimmerman received her BS, MA, and PhD at Northwestern University in Performance Studies under the mentorship of Frank Galati. The program focused on how to adapt works of literature for the stage; much of Zimmerman’s later work would reflect such scholarly and text-based influences. Based in Chicago, her career began at Lookingglass Theatre Company, a troupe whose founding members also attended Northwestern. The company’s aesthetic focused on storytelling through strong physicality and breathtaking aerobatics within a highly presentational style, as seen in Zimmerman’s ...

Article

Margaret Campbell

(b Duisburg, Feb 27, 1965). German violinist . He studied at the Folkwang Hochschule, Essen, with Valery Gradov, the Staatliche Hochschule in Berlin with Saschko Gawrillof, and from 1980 with Hermann Krebbers in Amsterdam. He made his début in 1975 playing Mozart's G major Concerto ...

Article

Friedhelm Brusniak

(b Freiburg, Aug 11, 1930). German composer. He first received composition tuition from J. Weismann, then studied with Fortner in Heidelberg (1950–54). After taking examinations to teach composition in Freiburg he became lecturer and Fortner's successor at the Kirchenmusikalisches Institut Heidelberg. Zimmermann's proximity to one of the most important Protestant theological faculties, together with the cultivation of church music in Heidelberg, directed his attention to biblical texts, above all psalms, and he began to examine the legacy of the movement to renew church music. In ...

Article

Chris Walton

(b Berne, Aug 7, 1927). Swiss composer and teacher. She studied the piano and music theory in Berne, Lausanne and Paris. Her first composition teacher was Arthur Honegger; she later studied composition and conducting at the Milan Conservatory. She has received many commissions and several works have been recorded for radio and on disc. In ...

Article

Tully Potter

(b Lahr, Oct 8, 1966). German viola player. Encouraged by her elder siblings, who wanted to play trios, she started playing a small viola at three and at five began learning the piano. From 1979 she studied with Ulrich Koch at the Staatliche Hochschule für Musik in Freiburg and from ...

Article

Lars Klingberg

(b Dresden, Oct 6, 1943). German composer. A member of the Dresden Kreuzchor as a boy, he then attended the Dresden Hochschule für Musik (1962–8), where he studied composition with Thilman, in addition to conducting and singing. His studies were completed by attending Kochan’s masterclasses at the German Academy of Arts in East Berlin (...

Article

Friedrich Spangemacher

(b Schwabach, Franconia, April 15, 1949). German composer. He studied with Heider in Nuremberg (1968–70) and performed as a pianist in the ars-nova-ensemble. In 1970 he went to Cologne, where he attended courses on new music given by Kagel. Largely self-taught as a composer, he later studied at the Institute of Sonology, Utrecht (...