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Article

David Fallows

( fl c1430). Composer . His three voice motet O domina gloriosa is in the manuscript I-TRmp 87 (ed. in DTÖ, lxxvi, Jg.xl, 1933/R, p.70). A Gloria in I-AO 15 is ascribed to ‘Jo. Werken’ (misread by de Van as ‘Berken’); it is also in a fragmentary manuscript at Zwettl (...

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F. Alberto Gallo

(b ?Anagni; fl 14th century). Italian theorist . He may be the notary Johannes Vetulus de Anagnia, mentioned in a document of 16 August 1372. (The form ‘Verulus’ is due to a misreading of the name.) His Liber de musica (ed. in CSM, xxvii, ...

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Theodore Karp

(fl c1183–c1205). Provençal troubadour. The ironic wit, fantasy and whimsical boastfulness of his verse probably contributed to the rapid spread of legendary stories concerning his life. A restless wanderer, he served Raimon V of Toulouse, Raimon Gaufridi Barral, Viscount of Marseilles, Alfonso II of Aragon, Alfonso VIII of Castile and Boniface I of Montferrat. He visited Hungary as a follower of Constance of Aragon and lived in Genoa and Pisa. Some of his poems touch on political quarrels of the time. He was a supporter of Richard the Lionheart, and supposedly accompanied him as far as Cyprus on the Third Crusade. The tale of his marriage to a Greek woman whom he thought to be the granddaughter of the Emperor of Constantinople is now regarded as fictitious....

Article

Craig Wright

(fl ?1405–33). Franco-Flemish composer. He may have been a choirboy at the Cathedral of Notre Dame, Paris, in 1405. He was awarded a prebend in the church of St Donatian, Bruges, in 1410, at which time he may have been a singer in the chapel of John XXIII (Strohm); a document of ...

Article

(fl early 13th century). French trouvère from the region of the Ile de France. He was probably active in the first quarter of the 13th century (at the latest), since De chanter me semont Amours, one of the two songs that may be firmly attributed to him, was the basis of a contrafactum by Gautier de Coincy who died in ...

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F. Alberto Gallo and Gianluca D’Agostino

(b Florence, 1325; d ?1405). Italian chronicler . He completed his law studies in Florence in 1360, was chancellor of the city of Perugia 1376–81, and was lecturer on Dante in the University of Florence 1391–1404. His writings include a continuation of the Nuova cronica...

Article

Gordon A. Anderson

(b ?Beauvais, c1190; d Paris, 1264). French scholar and theorist . His Speculum maius makes him the greatest encyclopedist before the 18th century. Very little is known of his life; he entered a Dominican order in Paris about 1220, was later assigned to the priory in Beauvais (established ...

Article

Vineux  

Margaret Bent

Rubric, indicating the title, identification, or possibly composer, of a monophonic mensural Sanctus setting associated with the trope Qui januas mortis confregisti (Chevalier 16434). Four monophonic sources are recorded. In F-Pa 204 it is linked with a matching Agnus troped Patris filius eterni, and these are the only two mensurally notated pieces in the manuscript; in ...

Article

Michael Klaper

(c1200). German Minnesinger and Spruch poet. He is regarded as one of the most outstanding and innovative authors of his generation. In the opinion of his contemporaries, too, he was considered the leading poet and musician among the Minnesinger (see, for example, Gotfrid von Strassburg: Tristan, 4751–820; for an overview of contemporary comments on his work (see Bein, 1997; also Ranawake, rev. 11/1997 of Paul edn). His poetic oeuvre is the most varied of his time, comprising many Minnelieder and Spruch stanzas as well as religious lieder (including one Leich and a Kreuzlied), and his poetry treats a number of subjects, adopting frequently contradictory positions. In his work he freed Minnesang from the traditional patterns of motifs and restricting social function and transformed it into genuinely experienced and yet universally valid love-poetry.

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Baptismal name of Adalbert.

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Burkhard Kippenberg and Lorenz Welker

(fl 2nd half of the 12th century). German Minnesinger. The details of his life are unclear. Although he was previously thought to have died before 1171, it is now thought that he may have been a younger man. He might have come from a branch of a baronial family whose seat was near Mauthausen in upper Austria; otherwise he was possibly a minister to the barons of Aist. One of the earliest poets of German Minnesang, he wrote poems that are varied in both form and content, including both the simpler indigenous style and the more complex kinds of song influenced by the Romance poets. The difference between the two styles has given rise to much discussion as to whether there were several poets or whether one man had mastered the various techniques. No music has survived, but Aarburg identified one of his poems as a contrafactum and reconstructed the melody....

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Burkhard Kippenberg and Lorenz Welker

(d Regensburg, before ?1276). German Minnesinger. His identity is uncertain, but it is possible that he came from a Bavarian noble family and was in the service of the Bishop of Regensburg. He died in a local feud at Regensburg; his posthumous fame was enhanced by the rumour that he had paid for an act of courtly homage to a lady with his life. In terms of content and form his Minnelieder and ...

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Burkhard Kippenberg and Lorenz Welker

(fl 1196). German Minnesinger. It has been assumed that he came from the Frankfurt region, on the grounds of his use of language, but it is also possible that he was from a north Bavarian family, or otherwise came from Horheim, near Vaihingen. He was one of a group of noblemen from south-west Germany who, as the followers of Friedrich von Hûsen, writing in a more international style than hitherto, brought about the blossoming of Minnesang. These men drew on the work of the northern French trouvères and southern troubadours for content and formal schemes of their poetry. Six songs (17 strophes) by Bernger have survived, all of them stylish and none with music. Of these, two (possibly four) may have used the melodies of his Romance precursors, since they can be recognized as contrafacta of works by, among others, Chrétien de Troyes and Gace Brulé....

Article

Burkhard Kippenberg and Lorenz Welker

(b c1150; d Philomelium [Akşehir], Asia Minor, May 6, 1190). German Minnesinger. His ancestral seat was in Rheinhausen, near Mannheim in the Rhine region. He is attested in documents from 1171 and was in the service of the Hohenstaufen emperors; he is traceable in northern Italy in ...

Article

Burkhard Kippenberg

(d before 1287). Austrian Minnesinger and composer. Coming from Sonnenburg in the Pustertal (Tyrol), probably from a ministerial family, he lived at the courts of Bavaria and Bohemia as well as in Tyrol and Thuringia. Sometimes included by the Meistersinger as one of their ...

Article

Burkhard Kippenberg and Lorenz Welker

(b c1200; d c1260). German poet. The only biographical clues are contained in his poetry, according to which he was born of a noble family from Rhenish Franconia and was an itinerant musician. He grew up in Austria and spent time during his later travels at the courts of the Babenbergs in Vienna and of King Wenceslas I in Prague; he also spent periods in Cologne, Mainz and probably in Meissen. He composed ...

Article

Walonis  

David Fallows and Ian Rumbold

( fl c1440). Composer of O Maria stella maris, perhaps only a fragment (vv.21–4) of a complete three-voice setting of the Marian sequence Salve mater salvatoris (AH, liv, 1915/R, 383–6), in D-Mbs Clm 14274. The treatment of the cantus firmus (Rajeczky, no.II/16) in the tenor and the low range of the contratenor indicate that the piece is later than most other works in this manuscript....

Article

Andrew Hughes

(d ?c1422). English theorist . He was almost certainly the monk and historian of St Albans Abbey, who became precentor and scriptorarius there in the 1380s. This information comes from the register of benefactors of the abbey (now in GB-Ccc ). After becoming prior of Wymundham (now Wymondham), ...

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Thomas B. Payne

(b ?Lille or environs, c1135; d ?Amiens, ?Reims, ?Beauvais, c1180?-90?). French scholar and poet of Latin epic and lyric verse, active in France, Italy, and perhaps England. Most of his biographical information comes from a number of surviving vitae and similar material transmitted within sources of his epic poetry (often contradictory in their details and insecure in their dates [see Colker]), as well as details culled from some of his shorter poems (see Traill ...

Article

Andrew Hughes

(fl early 15th century). Theorist . He was a Carmelite friar, perhaps of the Netherlands, who probably lived in Italy. His brief treatise, Regule (ed. in CoussemakerS, iii, 262–4), is appended to the manuscript I-FZc 117 (pp.58–9), known as the Bonadies Codex. It also appears in a Bologna manuscript, ...