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Article

Richard Crawford

revised by Nym Cooke

(Adams)

(b Boxford, MA, Oct 15, 1762; d East Concord, NH, Feb 7, 1820). American composer, tune book compiler and singing master. He was descended from two noteworthy New England families, the Holyokes and the Peabodys. He studied at Harvard College (BA, 1789; MA, 1792), during which time he contributed several secular songs to The Massachusetts Magazine, and published his first book of psalmody, Harmonia Americana (Boston, 1791). With Hans Gram and Oliver Holden he brought out The Massachusetts Compiler of Theoretical and Practical Elements of Sacred Vocal Music (Boston, 1795), a collection of mostly European music prefaced by the lengthiest exposition of music theory printed in America during the century. Holyoke was one of the most prolific American composers of his generation. He published almost 700 of his own pieces, mainly in his monumental book The Columbian Repository of Sacred Harmony (Exeter, NH, 1803) and in his collection designed for Baptist worshippers, ...

Article

Michael Kassler

[Karl Friedrich]

(b Nordhausen, Saxony, Feb 1762; d Windsor, Aug 3, 1830). English teacher, editor, organist and composer of German birth. According to memoirs by his son Charles Edward (MS Yomiuri Symphony Orchestra, Japan), Horn defied his father’s opposition to a career in music by taking lessons secretly from the Nordhausen organist Christoph Gottlieb Schröter and by leaving home in 1782 to become a musician in Paris. On his way, a stranger persuaded him to travel to London instead and after accompanying him there stole most of his money. When Horn confessed his plight to a German-speaking passer-by he was taken into a music shop, whose proprietor introduced him to the Saxon ambassador. Through this contact he was subsequently employed as a music master in the household of the 1st Marquess of Stafford. There he met Diana Dupont, a governess, whom he married on 28 September 1785; in consequence of her pregnancy, the couple moved to London where in ...

Article

Robert Orledge and Andrew Thomson

(b Paris, Mar 27, 1851; d Paris, Dec 2, 1931). French composer, teacher, conductor and editor of early music. His famed veneration for Beethoven and Franck has unfortunately obscured the individual character of his own compositions, particularly his fine orchestral pieces descriptive of southern France. As a teacher his influence was enormous and wideranging, with benefits for French music far outweighing the charges of dogmatism and political intolerance.

Andrew Thomson

D’Indy came from a military aristocratic family from the Ardèche region, a fact of the greatest importance in understanding his lifelong nationalist and right-wing political position. His mother died in childbirth, and he was brought up by his paternal grandmother, Thérèse (née de Chorier). Her strict regime, however, was mitigated by deep affection: she was not the tyrannical ogress of received opinion. D’Indy took lessons in piano from Louis Diémer and theory from Albert Lavignac; while showing definite promise, he showed more interest as a boy in military matters and the life of his hero Napoleon. At 18, having passed his ...

Article

L. Brett Scott

(Walter)

(b Port Colborne, ON, Oct 14, 1927; d Caledon East, ON, April 3, 1998). Canadian choral conductor, arranger, editor, and teacher. After graduating from the University of Toronto (BM 1950), he conducted the University of Toronto Symphony Orchestra and All-Varsity Mixed Chorus, was a choir member at St. Mary Magdelene Church under Healey Willan, and apprenticed with Sir Ernest MacMillan as assistant conductor of the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir. In 1964 he was appointed conductor of the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir, a position he held until 1997. He taught choral music at the University of Toronto from 1965 to 1968, and was Adjunct Professor from 1997 until his death in 1998. After his death, the University of Toronto’s Elmer Iseler Chair in Conducting was established in his honor.

Iseler’s work with his professional choirs established his reputation in Canada and internationally. In 1954 he helped found Canada’s first professional choir, the Toronto Festival Singers. He founded the Elmer Iseler Singers in ...

Article

Charles H. Kaufman

(b Oxford, bap. April 15, 1757; d Boston, MA, Nov 18, 1822). English-American composer, teacher and editor . He reportedly studied under Nares at the Chapel Royal, and while in London he taught privately, wrote a number of sacred and secular compositions and published a Treatise on Practical Thoroughbass (1785). St Andrews University granted him a doctorate in music (1791), which probably was an honorary award.

By 1797 he was in New Brunswick, New Jersey; there, while professor of music at a private academy, he presented concerts of popular and art music which received favourable attention throughout the state. He moved to New York in 1801 and remained there, teaching and giving concerts, until 1812 when he moved to Boston. Jackson played a prominent part in that city’s musical life as a teacher, composer, conductor, organist, music seller and consultant to the newly formed Handel and Haydn Society....

Article

Charles Conrad

(b Worthington, IN, May 28, 1875; d Worthington, IN, Feb 11, 1936). American composer, bandmaster, publisher, and teacher. He studied baritone horn as a child, and joined the Gentry Brothers Dog and Pony Show when he was 16, remaining there until 1902 when he joined the Ringling Brothers Band. In 1905 he joined the Otto‑Floto Circus, which became the Sells‑Floto Circus in 1906; in that year he assumed leadership of its band. In 1907 he joined the Ringling Brothers Circus, and from 1908–10 was bandmaster of the Barnum & Bailey Circus. In 1916 he became director of the Hagenbeck‑Wallace Circus Band, but two years later went to Oskaloosa, Iowa, to succeed C.L. Barnhouse, a friend and publisher, as director of the Iowa Brigade Band. He started his own music publishing business in 1920. In 1923 he returned to Worthington, directed the Murat Temple Band in nearby Indianapolis, and taught music in local schools. Jewell composed over 130 works, some of which were published under the pseudonym J.E. Wells. A number of his works are recorded in Robert Hoe’s ...

Article

Katherine K. Preston and Michael Meckna

(b Davenport, IA, March 15, 1924; d Seattle, March 5, 1977). American composer, music publisher and pianist . He studied composition with George McKay at the University of Washington (1938–42) and after military service joined the faculty there to teach piano and theory (1947–9). He was music director of the Eleanor King Dance Company (1947–50) and the pianist of the Seattle SO (1948–51); during these years he performed extensively throughout the Pacific Northwest in chamber ensembles and as a soloist.

In 1951 Johnson moved to New York, where he worked in the music publishing business as education director for Mercury Music (1951–4), head of the orchestral department at C.F. Peters (1954–8) and president of Dow Publishers (1957–62). After returning to Seattle, he served at the helm of the Cornish School of Music (1962–9) and in ...

Article

Kristina Yapova

(b Stara Zagora, June 30, 1873; d Sofia, March 19, 1932). Bulgarian composer, pedagogue, and publisher . Khadjigeorgiev finished the Bulgarian Catholic Secondary School in Odrin in 1890. In 1892 he entered the Prague Conservatory where he studied flute and composition. Here Khadjigeorgiev wrote his first works: Jubileen marsh [Anniversary March] for piano, devoted to the Bulgarian poet Ivan Vazov (1894), Konzertna polka [Concert-Polka] for two flutes and piano (1896), and Bulgarski tanz [Bulgarian Dance] no.1 for piano (1897). After his return to Bulgaria in 1897, Khadjigeorgiev engaged in cultural activities: he was a founder, together with Georgi Baidanov, of the Musical Society Kaval (1897), and initiator, publisher, and editor of the Musical Newspaper (1904). Khadjigeorgiev was a winner of the first prize in the competition for a composition in honour of Alexander II on the occasion of the opening of the Emperor’s monument in Sofia (...

Article

Mel R. Wilhoit

(b Duncannon, PA, Feb 27, 1838; d Germantown, PA, Sept 20, 1921). American compiler of Sunday-school and gospel hymnbooks, composer of hymns and teacher. He worked as a music teacher in the Philadelphia area, where he became associated with a number of Methodist churches.

His own musical style reflected the developing gospel hymn, which he helped to establish and popularize. In 1878 he joined forces with John R. Sweney, and the two men compiled about 50 songbooks and collections: ‘Sweney and Kirkpatrick’ became almost a trademark, and sales of their books ran into millions. They collaborated with the leading poets of gospel hymnody, and published nearly 1000 of Fanny Crosby’s hymns alone. Kirkpatrick’s collections – he produced about 50 further items after Sweney’s death – were used in revivals and camp meetings, such as the Methodist gatherings at Ocean Grove, New Jersey, and many of his more animated tunes, for example, that of ...

Article

[Jan Antonín, Ioannes Antonius]

(b Velvary, June 26, 1747; d Vienna, May 7, 1818). Bohemian composer, pianist, music teacher and publisher. He was baptized Jan Antonín, but began (not later than 1773) to use the name Leopold to differentiate himself from his older cousin of that name. He received his basic music education in Velvary and then studied music in Prague with his cousin, who probably gave him a thorough grounding in counterpoint and vocal writing, and with F.X. Dušek, whose piano and composition school prepared him mainly for writing symphonies and piano sonatas. After the success of his first ballets and pantomimes (performed in Prague, 1771–8), Kozeluch abandoned his law studies for a career as a musician. In 1778 he went to Vienna, where he quickly made a reputation as an excellent pianist, teacher and composer. By 1781 he was so well established there that he could refuse an offer to succeed Mozart as court organist to the Archbishop of Salzburg. By ...