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(a) Natural trumpet in D by Johann Leonard Ehe (iii), Nuremberg, mid-18th century; (b) modern fanfare trumpet in E♭ by Karl Hammerschmidt & Sons, Watzkenroth; (c) English slide trumpet in F by Köhler & Son, London, c1850; (d) keyed trumpet in A♭ by Alois Doke, Linz, c1820; (e) Inventionstrompete in E♭ by I.G. Roth senior, Adorf, 1826; (f) valve trumpet in G, with Périnet valves, by Antoine Courtois, Paris, c1865; (g) valve trumpet in G, with Vienna valves, by Carl August Müller, Mainz, c1850; (a) America’s Shrine to Music Museum, Vermillion, South Dakota; (b), (d), (e) Historisches Museum, Basle; (c) E.H. Tarr Collection, Rheinfelden; (f), (g) Trompetenmuseum, Bad Säckingen...

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(a) Pair of recorders: detail from the ‘Triumph of Venus’, upper register of the ‘Allegory of April’ (‘Taurus’), fresco by Francesco del Cossa, c1468–70 (Salone dei Mesi, Palazzo Schifanoia, Ferrara); (b) one-piece recorder: detail of ‘Vanitas Still-life’ by Jan Davidsz. de Heem, 1664 (Museées Royaux des Beaux-Arts, Brussels)

Musees Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique...

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(a) Philip the Good (reigned 1419–67) welcomed to Dijon, accompanied by S-shaped and straight trumpets: miniature from the MS of Saint-Esprit, f.18r (Musée du Centre Hospitalier Régional, Dijon); (b) straight and looped trumpets (with two shawms) in a riding party: detail of ‘May’, miniature by the Limbourg brothers from the ‘Très Riches Heures’, c1411/13–16 (F-CH 65, f.5v)...

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(a) Scottish Highland bagpipe, with blowpipe, chanter and three drones; (b) Scottish Lowland bagpipe, with bellows and three drones; (c) early Irish union pipe, with bellows, plain chanter, three drones and a tenor regulator with four keys (all Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford); (d) early Northumbrian small-pipe, with bellows, plain chanter and three drones, c1770 (National Bagpipe Museum, Newcastle upon Tyne)...

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Jean M. Bonin

Firm of music publishers. It was founded in New Haven in 1962 by Gary J.N. Aamodt and Clyde Rykken to provide modern critical editions of music of historical interest and artistic integrity for scholars, students, and performers of Western art music. The “Recent Researches” series were launched in ...

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Article

A.F.O  

Val Wilmer

Organization and record label formed in New Orleans in 1961 by the alto saxophonist and arranger Harold Battiste, Jr. He and the other board members – Peter Badie, John Boudreaux, Jr., Melvin Lastie, Alvin “Red” Tyler, the pianist Allen Toussaint, and the guitarist Roy Montrell – sought to retain control of their music by organizing their own recording sessions and keeping the profits within the African-American musicians’ community. They produced a number of popular recordings, including the hit ...