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Hermann J. Busch

(b Cattaro [now Kotor], Dalmatia, June 13, 1863; d Vienna, Oct 22, 1943). Austrian church musician, composer and editor. After studying at the Vienna Conservatory (1880–82), where his teachers included Franz Krenn, he held several teaching and church music positions in Vienna. He also worked as an editor for Universal Edition (1908–31), edited Musica divina (1913–34) and was co-editor of Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich (from 1925). Among other projects, he prepared piano scores of Mahler’s symphonies for publication and edited works by Bruckner. As a composer, he wrote primarily Catholic sacred music; his works show the influence of the Cecilian movement and the music of Bruckner, with whom he had many personal contacts.

(selective list)


Frank Kidson

revised by William C. Smith and Peter Ward Jones

(fl London, 1709–35). English music publisher . He was established in London by 1709, and occasionally employed the engraver Thomas Cross. He also claimed to be a musical instrument maker, and died or retired about 1735. His son Daniel Wright had a business at different premises from 1730 to about 1735, for a while using a sign which his father had briefly used before him. He probably gave up trading about 1740, and John Johnson may have founded his business on that of the Wrights, as he issued some works from their plates. From about 1730 to 1735 the names of both Wrights appear on some imprints.

Hawkins summed up the character of the elder Wright as a man ‘who never printed anything that he did not steal’. While the Wrights were perhaps the most notorious musical pirates of their time, copying numerous publications, especially those of John Walsh, such copying was not illegal. Their publications were copied in turn. They also issued works under the same titles as those of Walsh or very similar ones, including a ...


(b Leicester, Feb 15, 1888; d Blackpool, May 16, 1964). British popular music publisher and songwriter . The son of a violin teacher and music stallholder, he performed as a violinist and singer with various concert parties and at the age of 18 set up his own music stall in Leicester. He rapidly built up his business and began publishing songs of his own. In 1911 he moved to London and set up business in Denmark Street, laying the foundations of London’s ‘Tin Pan Alley’. After World War I he opened demonstration shops in Blackpool and elsewhere to promote new songs, often with elaborate publicity. Before he moved to London he adopted the pseudonym Horatio Nicholls, under which he wrote most of his firm’s most successful songs: Dream of Delight (1916), Delilah (1917), That Old Fashioned Mother of Mine (1919), The Toy Drum Major...


Harry Eskew

(b Cambridge, MA, March 31, 1770; d Philadelphia, Jan 23, 1858). American music publisher . Although he established a general bookstore and publishing house in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, and was responsible for issuing the city’s newspaper, Wyeth also published much sacred music. His Repository of Sacred Music, Part Second (Harrisburg, 1813, 2/1820/R) was the first shape-note collection to contain a sizable number of folk hymns, and greatly influenced later collections. His earlier Repository of Sacred Music (Harrisburg, 1810/R) reached six editions by 1834. He also published three German tunebooks, Joseph Doll’s Der leichter Unterricht (Harrisburg, 1810), Isaac Gerhart and J.F. Eyer’s Choral-harmonie (Harrisburg, 1818) and Johannes Rothbaust’s Die Franklin Harmonie (Harrisburg, 1821). See also Shape-note hymnody, and Spiritual, §I.

DAB (C.W. Garrison) I. Lowens: ‘John Wyeth’s Repository of Sacred Music, Part Second (1813): a Northern Precursor of Southern Folk-Hymnody’, ...


Brian Trowell

(fl c1425–50). English editor and copyist . He was formerly thought to be the author of some music treatises in GB-Lbl Lansdowne 763; historians now agree that his role was confined to that of compiler, editor and copyist. Two 15th-century inscriptions on f.2 of the manuscript contain indications of his identity. The first describes him as former precentor of the independent monastery of the Holy Cross at Waltham. This description was partially re-copied, but ‘precentor’ was replaced by ‘preceptor’ (‘teacher’), presumably implying that he was Informator choristarum. In the former case he would have been a senior official in charge of all the liturgical music and himself an Austin canon; if he had been a canon, however, he would have exchanged his patronymic name ‘Wyldey’ for a toponym. He was probably, therefore, a lay musician in charge of the lay choir, as Tallis was in the same abbey a century later. Tallis also came to own Wylde's manuscript, which he may have inherited along with the post of ‘preceptor’....


Hans Radke

revised by Peter Király

(b Zürich, ?1517–27; d before 1572). Swiss wood-cutter and printer . Son of Heinrich Wyssenbach, a shopkeeper, he was a wood-cutter in the employ of the Zürich printer Christoph Froschauer the elder from 1544. Around 1548 Wyssenbach set up his own press. In October 1551 he went into business with the printer Andreas Gessner the younger, but the partnership was dissolved by the end of 1553. Apparently he again worked as a wood-cutter and printer for Gessner from around 1557 to 1559.

Wyssenbach took the pieces in his Tabulaturbuch uff die Lutten (Zürich, 1550/R, 2/1663 as Ein schön Tabulaturbuch) from Francesco Canova da Milano and Borrono’s Intabulatura di lauto, libro secondo (Venice, 1546). He transcribed them from Italian into German lute tablature, as he pointed out in the title and in the preface, in which he also mentioned the signs for Mortanten, but, according to his explanation, the execution of these ornaments needed oral instruction. He omitted the fantasias and included only two of Janequin’s songs in arrangements by Francesco. However, he adopted exactly the same order as that of the original for Borrono’s eight dance suites. One piece in Peter Fabritius’s lute manuscript (...


(b ?Lewes, E. Sussex; d London, bur. Oct 23, 1619). English music editor and singer. He married about 1586. Between 1594 and 1618 he is mentioned in St Paul’s Cathedral records as singing in the choir. He made his will on 19 October 1619, and was buried in St Michael Cornhill, in which parish he had spent most of his life.

Yonge was the editor of two anthologies of Italian madrigals published, with English texts, as Musica transalpina in 1588 and 1597. The first contains 57 pieces (including an English version of La verginella by Byrd with a new second part, and four settings of French texts) by 18 composers, of whom the most liberally represented are the elder Ferrabosco and Marenzio. In 1583 and 1585 Pierre Phalèse of Antwerp had issued three madrigal anthologies which not only provided the model for Yonge’s venture, but also afforded him a quantity of Italian madrigals by minor Flemish composers (19 pieces came from these three sources). Yonge’s ...


Peter Ward Jones

(b ?London, c1672; d London, c1732). English music printer, publisher and instrument maker . The researches of Dawe, together with those of Ashbee, have helped clarify the identification of members of this family. Young's father was also John, but since he was still alive in 1693, he was evidently not, as earlier surmised, the John Young who was appointed musician-in-ordinary to the king as a viol player on 23 May 1673 and who had died by 1680 (according to the Lord Chamberlain's records). Young junior was apprenticed to the music seller and publisher John Clarke, and was established on his own by 1695. His publications included A Choice Collection of Ayres for the Harpsichord or Spinett by Blow and others (1700), William Gorton's A Choice Collection of New Ayres, Compos'd and Contriv'd for Two Bass-Viols (1701), The Flute-Master Compleat Improv'd (1706), the fifth and sixth editions of Christopher Simpson's ...


(b Frankenhausen, Thuringia, May 1, 1726; d Brunswick, Jan 30, 1777). German poet and editor . After law studies at Leipzig and Göttingen he became a teacher at the Carolineum at Brunswick in 1748, being appointed to a chair in 1761. Der Renommiste, Zachariä’s most famous work, a comic epic in the manner of Boileau and Pope, was published when he was only 18. He also wrote much lyric verse of various kinds, and tales that enjoyed considerable popularity. His lyrics were frequently set to music in the 18th century, and of his larger works Die Pilgrime auf Golgatha was set by Albrechtsberger and others, and Die Auferstehung, Das befreite Israel and Die Tageszeiten (in the manner of James Thomson) by Telemann. Zachariä also composed, earning warm praise for his Sammlung einiger musikalischen Versuche (Leipzig, 1760–61, enlarged 2/1768) from Hiller, Marpurg and others. His Zwey schöne neue Mährlein...


Giuseppina La Face

(fl Milan, 1626–45). Italian music editor and violinist . He contributed two-part reductions of a three-voice canzona by G.D. Rivolta and one for four voices by G.F. Cambiago to the local collection Flores praestantissimorum virorum (RISM 16265). He probably played and taught the violin, since his only work is Il scolaro … per imparar a suonare di violino, et altri stromenti (Milan, 1645), a collection of dances in four parts (mostly violin, two violas and cello) for learning the violin. Each dance is accompanied by an intabulation which prescribes the fingering (all in first position) for the four players and also gives bowing indications by means of the letters ‘P’ and ‘T’, which according to Francesco Rognoni Taeggio (Selva di varii passaggi, Milan, 1620/R) stand for ‘pontar in sú’ (upbow) and ‘tirare in giù’ (downbow); the bowings occur at the beginnings of pieces and sometimes later as well. The dances, some of them traditional ones such as the ...


M.K. Duggan

(b Parma, c1450; d Milan, 1510). Italian printer . He was the first printer in Milan, from 1471. His Missale romanum of 1474, the first dated printed missal, and its successor, the first Missale ambrosianum (1475), contain no printed music; scribes filled in the notation, in the latter book with a two-line red and yellow staff. Zarotto later printed the music of Ambrosian plainchant in the missal (...


Mariangela Donà

(fl late 18th century). Italian printer and publisher . He was in business with his sons under the name ‘Antonio Zatta e figli Librai e Stampatori veneti’, with premises in Venice ‘al traghetto di S Barnaba’; theirs was the largest engraving works in the city, their activity dating back to about 1750. The output included philosophical texts, novels, daily papers, illustrated books and 47 volumes of Carlo Goldoni’s comedies (1788). Music printing and editing began in 1783 through the Calcografia Filarmonica which was active until 1788. From 1786 the firm began printing, on its own press from engraved plates, a weekly piece of instrumental music for sale by subscription; in the following years this initiative expanded to include trios, duos, quartets, symphonies or sonatas for various instruments, and even vocal pieces, issued on a monthly basis. In the letters circulated to ‘professori e dilettanti di musica’, inviting them to become subscribers, the firm explained the preponderance of instrumental music by the fact that Italy ‘abounds without doubt more in professional and amateur players than in singers’. Instrumental works by Corelli, Bertoni, Boccherini, Capuzzi, Andreozzi, Cirri, Cambini, Pichl, Fodor, Stabinger, Grazioli, Haydn, Mozart and Salieri, and vocal pieces (arias by Cimarosa, Guglielmi, Paisiello, Anfossi, Naumann, Gazzaniga, Borghi, Traetta and Piccinni) were printed and published. Many of Zatta’s editions were reprints from German or Viennese publications, especially of Hoffmeister’s, a publisher with whom Zatta had connections. Zatta also published didactic methods (Pfeiffer, ...


J. Bunker Clark

(Heinrich Christoph)

(b Eisleben, Germany, Sept 20, 1795; d Philadelphia, Nov 7, 1857). German-American composer, compiler and organist. He studied in Weimar with Hummel, then with Michael Gotthard Fischer in Erfurt, where in about 1822 he published a set of piano variations and four polonaises. He was apparently a court musician near his birthplace, and also served as a musician in the military. He probably arrived in Boston in 1830, when he made his first concert appearance on 13 February, playing the organ and piano and singing in his own works. He became organist for the Handel and Haydn Society in September of the same year. During his years in Boston he held posts as organist at three city churches, and also taught the organ, theory and singing. In 1839 he moved to Philadelphia, where he became organist at St Andrew’s Episcopal Church, and then at Arch Street Presbyterian Church....


Edward Garden

(b Sternberg, Sept 22, 1851; d Berlin, April 25, 1922). German music publisher and woodwind and brass instrument manufacturer . He had factories in St Petersburg (1876), Moscow (1882) and Riga (1903). The headquarters of the publishing firm was established in Leipzig in 1886, with the actual printing being carried out by Breitkopf & Härtel. Zimmermann became friendly with Balakirev in 1899 and thereafter published all the works of that composer. It may be that it was Zimmermann’s exhortations that encouraged the prolificness of the final decade of Balakirev’s life. He also published the majority of the compositions of Balakirev’s protégé Sergey Lyapunov. Other composers’ music published by him include Medtner, Josef Hofmann, Tausig, A.S. Taneyev and Reinecke. He suffered financial hardship during World War I, but, although he resumed the publication of music by Russian composers in 1919, he was unable to reopen his former Russian factories and shops. In ...