961-969 of 969 results  for:

Clear all

Article

Moya Aliya Malamusi and Moses Yotamu

Country in south-central Africa. It has an area of 752,610 km² and a population of 9·87 million (2000 estimate). It was a British colony from 1895 to 1953, and after 1911 it was known as Northern Rhodesia. Part of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland from ...

Article

Zamonga  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Whistle of the Sango people in the northern Democratic Republic of the Congo. The cylindro-conical wooden tube is typically about 38 cm long and is partly covered with animal skin. (LaurentyA, 180)

Article

Zār  

Spirit possession ceremony with music. See Egypt, Arab Republic of, §II; Oman, §2, (iv); Somalia; Sudan, Republic of, §1 ; and Yemen, Republic of .

Article

Gregory F. Barz

(b Dodoma" country="Tanzania, 1940; d Bagamoyo, Tanzania, Dec 30, 2003). Tanzanian musician . He grew up raising cattle in the Ugogo central region of Tanzania. He drew on the musical heritage of the Wagogo people, performing on traditional Wagogo instruments such as the ilimba...

Article

Zei  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Whistle of the Mamvu people in the Uele region, Democratic Republic of the Congo. The wooden body, typically about 16 cm long, has a slender conical bore. (LaurentyA, 156)

Article

George Leotsakos and Katerina Levidou

(b Cairo, Dec 17, 1947). Greek composer and musicologist. Born to Greek parents in Egypt, he settled in Athens in 1961, where he studied theory and piano at the Hellenic Conservatory (1975–7), and composition with Yannis Ioannidis (1977–81) as well as physics at the University of Athens. He then went to Paris, where he studied musicology and the aesthetics of music at the Sorbonne, Panthéon Paris 1, with Michel Guiomar and Daniel Charles, as well as ‘musique formelle’ with Xenakis. He also attended Boulez’s seminars at the Collège de France (...

Article

K.A. Gourlay and Ferdinand J. de Hen

Stick zither widely distributed throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The stick is a solid bar of wood 55 to 65 cm long and 2 to 3 cm wide throughout most of its length. Both ends of the bar terminate in a small knob to which the strings, of plant fibre, are attached. Three cylindrical ‘frets’ protrude on both sides of the stick. The U-shaped bridge is usually made of a feather quill. One or more drone strings pass beside the frets. A resonator made of two superposed calabash halves, or seldom a single half-calabash shell, is attached near one end; it is affixed to the underside of the bar by means of a small part-calabash collar and a cord. The zither produces four notes (open string and one note from each of the three frets) together with the drone(s). Accounts of the method of performance vary. Among the Shi the zither is held to the left so that the frets can be stopped with the fingers of the left hand while the thumb activates the drone string and the fingers of the right hand stroke the melody string. The half-calabash is usually placed on the player‘s chest and opened or closed in the same way as the resonator of a ...

Article

(b Panopolis [now Ahmīm], Egypt; fl Alexandria, 3rd or 4th century ce). Greco-Egyptian alchemist and philosopher. He composed allegories, and 28 books, in the form of letters, on alchemy; only fragments survive. A musical treatise has been attributed to him, but should be considered anonymous and of the 8th or 9th century, although it represents a compilation of the ideas of alchemists of the 3rd and 4th centuries, among whom Zosimus was the most prominent figure....

Article

Zupu  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

End-blown gourd horn of the Sere people in the Uele region, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is bulbous and about 35 cm long. (LaurentyA, 311)