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Claude Conyers

(b Philadelphia, PA, Sept 16, 1905; d Chicago, Nov 19, 1951). American ballet dancer, choreographer, teacher, and company director. She began taking ballet classes from her mother, Caroline Littlefield, at age three and continued her studies throughout her youth with prominent teachers in New York City and Paris. In the early 1920s she appeared on Broadway in five productions by Florenz Ziegfeld, after which she returned home and spent some years working with her mother at the Philadelphia Civic Opera and teaching in her school. In ...

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Claude Conyers

(b West Allis, WI, Aug 2, 1911; d Kingston, NY, Aug 30, 1982). American ballet dancer, choreographer, and teacher. Having studied at George Balanchine’s School of American Ballet, he joined the American Ballet in 1936 and then Ballet Caravan, Lincoln Kirsten’s company formed to foster American choreography. For that company he created ...

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Mary Skeaping

(b Naples, fl 1755–79). Italian dancer in the grotesque style, choreographer and teacher. He is important mainly for his Trattato teorico-prattico di ballo (Naples, 1779; Eng. trans., 1988). This rare work is the only one so far discovered that connects the development of the formalized theatrical dance techniques of the late 18th century with the pre-Romantic movement of the early 19th. Considerable space is given to the use of music for dancing, attention being drawn to the rules that govern both arts and to the essential concordance of dance with its music. There is emphasis on the necessity of the dancer’s knowing music and on the ill consequences of ignorance of this subject. Importance is given to the choice of dance music suitable to the type of theatre, and to the plight of the musician who does not give due thought to this problem. Technical steps, the minuet and 39 contredanses, with music and diagrams, are fully described....

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Claude Conyers

(b Jacksonville, FL, May 26, 1914; d New York, April 27, 2009). American swing dancer, choreographer, and teacher. Reared in Harlem, he began attending dances for teenagers at the Alhambra Ballroom, where he learned the newly popular Lindy hop. Developing a passion for the dance, he practiced until he became highly proficient. In the early 1930s, he was invited to join Whitey’s Lindy Hoppers, an elite performing group at the Savoy Ballroom. There he became famous for his rhythmically rich and acrobatic style of dance, launching his partners through the air at high speeds to the swinging sounds of Chick Webb, Duke Ellington, and Count Basie. His stardom at the Savoy led to an engagement at the Cotton Club in ...

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Claude Conyers

(b Westfield, NJ, Aug 8, 1899; d Waterbury, CT, Dec 1, 1990). American choreographer. He was the creator of the Rockettes, the precision dance troupe at Radio City Music Hall in New York City. After military service in World War I, he studied dance and worked at odd jobs until beginning his dance career in the chorus of ...

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(fl Mantua, 1580–1608). Italian singer, lutenist, dancer and choreographer . He appears in court records from Mantua from about 1580. For the wedding of Duke Vincenzo I and Margherita Farnese, he arranged the dances for Bernardo Pino da Cagli's Ingiusti sdegni, presented in Parma in ...

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( b Moscow, 28 July/Aug 9, 1896; d Weseke, nr Borken, March 15, 1979). American choreographer of Russian birth . See Ballet, §3, (i) .

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Claude Conyers

(b New York, July 6, 1930). American modern dancer, choreographer, and teacher. Of Jamaican heritage, he grew up in Harlem where he learned all the popular dances of the 1940s and experienced West Indian music and dance on social occasions. Inspired by a performance of African dance by Pearl Primus, he auditioned for and won a scholarship to the New Dance Group in ...

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Ivor Guest

(b Paris, July 25, 1828; d Courbevoie, July 16, 1887). French choreographer . Engaged as a dancer at the Paris Opéra in 1848, he eventually succeeded Lucien Petipa as principal male dancer, retaining that position until his death. From 1869 he was also premier maître de ballet...

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Kyle Gann

(b New York, Nov 20, 1942). American composer, singer, dancer and choreographer. She attended Sarah Lawrence College (BA 1964), where she studied a combination of theatre, dance and music. On her return to New York, she became involved in the James Tenney-Philip Corner-Malcolm Goldstein-Morton Feldman experimental music scene, and in the happenings and performance art of the Judson Theater. In her first important piece, ...

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Claude Conyers

(b Seattle, Aug 29, 1956). American modern dancer, choreographer, company director, conductor, and opera director. Taught to read music and introduced to folk dance and ballet by his parents, he was encouraged to pursue a career as a dancer. After moving to New York City in ...

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G. Yvonne Kendall

[‘Il Trombone’]

(b Milan, Italy, c. 1536; d Milan, Italy 1602). Italian dance master, choreographer, and author of the dance manual Le gratie d’amore (1602). According to Negri himself, he was Milanese by birth and the father of Margherita. He described his wife Isabella de Negri (née di Nave) as a ‘townswoman . . . an excellent ballerina’. Diocesan records also identify four children – Livia (b 1573), Ottavia (b 1575), Jacobo Filippo (b 1583), and the aforementioned Margherita (b 1585). Negri’s mother, Magdalena di Marchi, apparently resided with the family. Little mention is made of his father, Jacobo Antonio, aside from a citation in a Bibliotheca scriptorum mediolanensium (1745) by Philippi Argelati Bononiensis: ‘Hujusmodi est Caesar de Nigris Jacobo Antonio patre in hac Urbe genitus, & cognomento dictus il Trombone’ (‘An example of this is Cesare Negri, born in this city to his father Jacobo Antonio, and nicknamed the Trombone’)....

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( b Kiev, 5/Dec 17, 1889; d London, April 8, 1950). Russian dancer and choreographer . See Ballet, §3, (i) .

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Claude Conyers

(b Indianapolis, March 22, 1899; d Chicago, April 7, 1991). American ballet dancer, choreographer, and company director. Trained in classical ballet by Adolph Bolm, Enrico Cechetti, and Edna McRae and in modern dance by Harald Kreutzberg, she enjoyed a thirty-year career as soloist and ballerina with various companies, but it was as a company director and choreographer that she had greatest effect. In ...

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( b Lyons, Aug 18, 1810; d Paramé, Aug 24, 1892). French dancer and choreographer . See Ballet, §2, (ii) .

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Ivor Guest

(b Marseilles, Dec 22, 1815; d Versailles, July 7, 1898). French choreographer, brother of Marius Petipa. He was one of the finest male dancers of his time, renowned for the nobility of his style. He made his début at the Paris Opéra in ...

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( b Marseilles, March 11, 1818; d Gurzuf, Crimea, 2/July 15, 1910). French ballet-master and choreographer . See Ballet, §2, (iv) .

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Jonathan Freeman-Attwood

( b Skipton, Yorks., May 24, 1945). English flautist and choreographer of historical dance. He studied at the GSM from 1963 to 1966 with John Francis and Geoffrey Gilbert, and later with Wieland Kuijken in Amsterdam. His technical skill and interpretative insight into period flute playing led to principal positions in the Academy of Ancient Music, English Baroque Soloists and London Classical Players in their pioneering years. Preston was also a founder member of the English Concert, and has made acclaimed recordings of works including Bach's flute sonatas and concertos by Vivaldi. Alongside his active playing and teaching career he is artistic director of the MZT dance company and has choreographed operas by composers ranging from Purcell to Gluck....

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Jennifer Thorp

( bc 1645; bur. Chelsea, Jan 3, 1735). English dancing-master and choreographer . He may have been the ‘Mr Priest’ who danced an entrée with Mary Davis in Sir Martin Mar-All at the Lincoln's Inn Fields Theatre in 1667 (Downes) and probably the Josiah Preist (the form of the surname often preferred in early sources) who was arrested with four others in ...

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(b Warsaw, Feb 20, 1888; d London, June 12, 1982). British dancer and choreographer of Polish birth. See Ballet, §3, (ii).