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Sweden  

Hans Åstrand, Leif Jonsson, Folke Bohlin, Axel Helmer, Margareta Jersild and Märta Ramsten

Country in northern Europe. It occupies the central part of Scandinavia, sharing frontiers with Norway to the west and Finland to the east; it is separated from Denmark by the Øresund strait to the south-west. Southern Sweden was united under one king in the 12th century, and by the Union of Kalmar (...

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Pierre Meylan, Chris Walton and Max Peter Baumann

A country in western Europe. It consists of a confederation of 22 cantons. Its musical culture owes as much to the church as to secular influences.

Swiss musical history must be seen against the background of regional differences and of the circumstances which governed the formation of the country. Four languages are spoken, German, French, Italian and Romansh, and there are two religions, Catholic and Protestant. Switzerland was founded in ...

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Syria  

Scheherazade Qassim Hassan

Country in the Middle East . The territory of modern Syria, with an area of 185,180 km², extends from the Mediterranean coast on the west to the desert on the Iraqi border, and from the Turkish chains of mountains on the north to the Jordanian and Iraqi borders on the south and south-east. The population is estimated at 16·13 million (...

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Turkey  

Kurt Reinhard, Martin Stokes and Ursula Reinhard

Republic of (Turk. Türkiye Cumhuriyeti). Country in the Middle East. With a total area of 779,452 km², 95% of the republic is located in Asia Minor (Asia), while 5% is in eastern Thrace (Europe). The population of 65·73 million (2000 estimate) is 99% Muslim, the majority being Sunnis....

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Group of states (formerly known as the Trucial States) on the south coast of the Arabian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.

National anthems: Ukraine

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Regula Qureshi, Harold S. Powers, Jonathan Katz, Richard Widdess, Gordon Geekie, Alastair Dick, Devdan Sen, Nazir A. Jairazbhoy, Peter Manuel, Robert Simon, Joseph J. Palackal, Soniya K. Brar, M. Whitney Kelting, Edward O. Henry, Maria Lord, Alison Arnold, Warren Pinckney, Kapila Vatsyayan and Bonnie C. Wade

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Allan Marett

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Simon Cook

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Regula Qureshi, Harold S. Powers, Jonathan Katz, Richard Widdess, Gordon Geekie, Alastair Dick, Devdan Sen, Nazir A. Jairazbhoy, Peter Manuel, Robert Simon, Joseph J. Palackal, Soniya K. Brar, M. Whitney Kelting, Edward O. Henry, Maria Lord, Alison Arnold, Warren Pinckney, Kapila Vatsyayan and Bonnie C. Wade

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Marc Perlman

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Hugh de Ferranti, Shigeo Kishibe, David W. Hughes, W. Adriaansz, Robin Thompson, Charles Rowe, Donald P. Berger, W. Malm, W.P. Malm, David Waterhouse, Allan Marett, Richard Emmert, Fumio Koizumi, Kazuyuki Tanimoto, Masakata Kanazawa, Linda Fujie and Elizabeth Falconer

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Fumio Koizumi and David W. Hughes

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Regula Qureshi, Harold S. Powers, Jonathan Katz, Richard Widdess, Gordon Geekie, Alastair Dick, Devdan Sen, Nazir A. Jairazbhoy, Peter Manuel, Robert Simon, Joseph J. Palackal, Soniya K. Brar, M. Whitney Kelting, Edward O. Henry, Maria Lord, Alison Arnold, Warren Pinckney, Kapila Vatsyayan and Bonnie C. Wade

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Philip Yampolsky, Dr Sumarsam, Lisa Gold, Tilman Seebass, Benjamin Brinner, Michael Crawford, Simon Cook, Matthew Isaac Cohen, Marc Perlman, Virginia Gorlinski, Margaret J. Kartomi, Christopher Basile, R. Anderson Sutton and Franki Raden

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Regula Qureshi, Harold S. Powers, Jonathan Katz, Richard Widdess, Gordon Geekie, Alastair Dick, Devdan Sen, Nazir A. Jairazbhoy, Peter Manuel, Robert Simon, Joseph J. Palackal, Soniya K. Brar, M. Whitney Kelting, Edward O. Henry, Maria Lord, Alison Arnold, Warren Pinckney, Kapila Vatsyayan and Bonnie C. Wade

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Philip Yampolsky, Dr Sumarsam, Lisa Gold, Tilman Seebass, Benjamin Brinner, Michael Crawford, Simon Cook, Matthew Isaac Cohen, Marc Perlman, Virginia Gorlinski, Margaret J. Kartomi, Christopher Basile, R. Anderson Sutton and Franki Raden

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Hugh de Ferranti, Shigeo Kishibe, David W. Hughes, W. Adriaansz, Robin Thompson, Charles Rowe, Donald P. Berger, W. Malm, W.P. Malm, David Waterhouse, Allan Marett, Richard Emmert, Fumio Koizumi, Kazuyuki Tanimoto, Masakata Kanazawa, Linda Fujie and Elizabeth Falconer

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Bonnie C. Wade

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Jim Samson

Former country in south-east Europe. It existed in several forms between 1918 and 2006. It was established in 1918 as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, through an amalgamation of south Slav territories of the former Habsburg Empire and the two independent kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro. International recognition came in ...