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Richard Wigmore

( b New York, Oct 16, 1956). American conductor . She learned the violin as a child, read music at Yale University and took a masters degree at the Juilliard School. In 1984 she founded her own 50-piece orchestra, Concordia, specializing in 20th-century American music, including jazz. In ...

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Inge Bruland

(b Odense, June 15, 1942). Danish composer. Educated at the Kongelige Danske Musikkonservatorium in Copenhagen as a violinist, she became a member of the conservatory's Study Circle of contemporary music, which encouraged her development as a composer. Since producing her first work in ...

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Eldonna L. May

(b Detroit, MI, April 13, 1953). American composer and pianist. As a teenager, she studied piano with Pearl Roberts McCullom. She received bachelor and master’s degrees in music composition at Wayne State University, studying with James Hartway. In 1983, she became the first female African American composer to receive the DMA in composition from the University of Michigan, where she studied with ...

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Ton Braas

(b Amsterdam, Jan 22, 1943). Dutch composer. After completing his study of the double bass at the Amsterdam Conservatory (1968), he chiefly pursued his activities outside the symphony orchestra. He has played in many Dutch and international ensembles and ad hoc formations with Breuker, Loevendie, Company, Vario, the Instant Composers Pool and the ‘Orkest De Volharding’. Around ...

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Olavo Alén Rodriguez

(b Santa Isabel de Las Lajas, Cuba, March 15, 1938). Cuban composer. He began studying music in Santa Clara and by 1955 had acquired a basic musical education there. In 1956 he moved to the USA, where he continued his studies at the Hartt School in Hartford, Connecticut, and (...

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Ricardo Miranda Pérez

(b Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Nov 16, 1953). Mexican composer. He began his guitar studies in 1971 with Guillermo Flores and in 1977 had classes with Brouwer. He also took various composition courses at the National School of Music and the National Conservatory, where he studied with Eduardo Mata and Rodolfo Halffter....

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Stephen Montague

(b Mexico City, May 8, 1956). Mexican composer. He studied the clarinet and composition in Mexico City before attending the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee (MM 1982); in 1981 he moved to London, where he studied at the RCM and at City University (PhD ...

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Mark E. Perry

(b Yabucoa, PR, March 31, 1939). Puerto Rican composer and guitarist. He studied guitar under Moisés Rodríguez and later received the B.A. from the University of Puerto Rico and the B.M. from the Puerto Rico Conservatory of Music. In 1970, he earned a master’s degree in composition from Indiana University. He studied composition with Héctor Tosar, Roque Cordero, Juan Orrego Salas, Bernard Hayden, Iannis Xenakis, and John Eaton. He teaches guitar and composition at the University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras. His teaching also includes the production of radio and television programs. In addition, he investigates and publishes on Puerto Rican traditional music....

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Arvid O. Vollsnes

(b Trondheim, April 9, 1952). Norwegian composer. He made his début as an organist and as a composer won early fame with his work Bøn (‘Prayer’, 1972). At that time he was studying composition with Ketil Hvoslef at Bergen Conservatory of Music, but later he went to study with Lidholm at the Royal College of Music in Stockholm. His earliest acknowledged works use strict forms and tonality tinged with modal colourings; he has since developed his style more freely. A number of his works seem strikingly quiet and introverted....

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Gavin Borchert

(b Kane, PA, Feb 25, 1938; d Rhinebeck, NY, Oct 22, 2009).American composer, performer and multimedia artist. She studied composition with Rochberg at the University of Pennsylvania (BFA 1964) and with Stockhausen. A concern for physical space pervades her music, best exemplified by three ongoing multimedia installation projects. In ...

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Term associated with Brian Eno that describes a type of Environmental music.

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Anna Maria Morazzoni

(b Venice, April 9, 1948). Italian composer. After gaining a degree in foreign languages and literature from Milan University (1972), he attended the Venice Conservatory studying electronic music (1975) and early instruments (1978) as well as graduating from the university there with a degree in music history (...

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Kristine H. Burns

(b Pasadena, CA, March 1, 1955). American composer, theorist and computer programmer. He studied at Pomona College (mathematics and music composition, BA 1977) and SUNY, Buffalo (MA 1979, PhD 1984); his teachers included Morton Feldman, Lejaren Hiller, Kohn, Kotoński, John Steele Ritter and Dorrance Stalvey. In ...

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Robert Paul Kolt

(b Santiago, Chile, Jan 2, 1963). American composer, guitarist, ethnomusicologist, educator, and producer of Chilean birth. He immigrated to the United States as a child and studied guitar with Joseph Torello, Vincent Bredice, Lou Mowad, and George Aguiar. Amigo enrolled at Florida State University (...

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Paul Attinello

(b Fresno, CA, Jan 19, 1945). American composer and administrator of Armenian descent. He studied at Fresno State University (BA in English 1967), San Francisco State University (MA in interdisciplinary creative arts 1969) and Mills College (MFA in electronic music and recording media ...

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Margaret Campbell

(b Paris, June 22, 1949). French violinist. He studied the violin with Rolland Charmey privately and at the Paris Conservatoire, winning the premier prix aged 12. He won the Ginette Neveu Prize (1963) and the Paganini Competition at Genoa (1964...

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Barbara A. Petersen and Don C. Gillespie

(b Philadelphia, Nov 17, 1930). American composer, horn player and conductor. As a youth he played the piano, trumpet and horn, developing a strong interest in jazz as well as classical music. After a year at Oberlin Conservatory (1948), where he studied the horn, he attended George Washington University (BA in history, ...

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Nevil Skrimshire

(b London, Aug 20, 1911; d London, December 19, 2005). English clarinetist and saxophonist. He took up piano when he was ten and taught himself alto saxophone from the age of 13. Although he began playing professionally in Glasgow, in 1930 he moved to London. In ...

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Elizabeth A. Clendinning

An amusement park is a commercially-operated, outdoor venue that offers games, rides, and other types of entertainment, including music. The amusement park concept originated in the pleasure gardens of 17th-century Europe, which were originally large landscaped outdoor spaces primary devoted to games with a few refreshment stands. Dances and social and instrumental concerts became commonly integrated into these pleasure gardens in the 18th century. (...

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Barry Kernfeld

(b Houston, Oct 11, 1927; d Los Angeles, June 5, 2002). American tenor and soprano saxophonist and leader. Published sources have given his year of birth as 1929, but the Texas birth index gives 1927, and Amy confirmed that the earlier year is correct. He learned to play clarinet as a child, took up tenor saxophone while playing in an army band, and attended Wiley College (Marshall, Texas) (...