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Article

Andrew Hughes and Andrea Budgey

(b Manorbier, c1146; d ?Lincoln, c1223). Welsh-Norman ecclesiastic and author. Educated in arts and canon law at Paris, he was archdeacon of Brecon from about 1175 to 1203; from 1184 to 1194 he was also in royal service. After visits to Ireland in ...

Article

David Fallows

(fl c1400–1428). Composer, possibly French. Though he could be the Johannes de Comeriaco at the papal chapel in 1417 (Haberl), he is far more likely to be the Henry de Cambray documented at St Vincent, Soignies, as a ‘bas vicaire’ in 1415–28...

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Stephen Haynes and Gwynn Spencer McPeek

(fl before 1190–after 1220). Troubadour. According to the brief medieval vida, he was a knight from the diocese of Puy-Ste-Marie-en-Velay (Haute-Loire). He can probably be identified with the Pontius de Capitolio who is documented from 1195 to 1220 in relation to his wife's property of Vertaizon, and who seems to have died by ...

Article

Theodore Karp

(fl c1240–60). French trouvère. He was probably active around the mid-13th century since two of his chansons (Fine amours and Puis que j'ai) are dedicated to Jehan de Dampierre (d 1259), and one (N'est pas sage) to Duke Henry III of Brabant (reigned ...

Article

Cardot  

Tom R. Ward

(b Rouen, c1380; d Brussels, Feb 25, 1470). French singer and composer. He was a priest, and appears as a singer in the Burgundian chapel between 1415 and 1419. He was in the Papal Chapel from 1422 to 1425. In 1422 he received a canonry in Notre Dame in Ligny and also became rector of St Willibrodus, near Antwerp. He later held ecclesiastical offices in Beauvais, Picquigny and possibly Rouen. By ...

Article

(d ?Bruges, between Sept 6, 1457 and Aug 23, 1458). South Netherlandish composer. Although no music survives under his name, he is mentioned in one later source ( B-Gu 70, 1504) of Tinctoris's Complexus effectuum musices (edn in On the Dignity and Effects of Music...

Article

Craig Wright

(fl 1400–20). French composer. He belonged to the generation of composers active in Paris immediately before the advent of Du Fay. Carmen and his contemporaries Johannes Tapissier and Johannes Cesaris are mentioned in a retrospective passage of Le champion des dames (c...

Article

Casella  

Patrick Boyde

(b ?Florence or Pistoia; d before 1300). Italian composer of ‘amorous song’. None of his music survives. He is said to have written the melody (‘diede el sono’) for a poem by Lemmo da Pistoia, the text of which is preserved in I-Rvat...

Article

( b ?Caserta, nr Naples; fl ?northern Italy, late 14th and early 15th centuries). Italian composer .

At one time Pirrotta proposed that Antonello was part of a Neapolitan school of early 15th-century polyphony, but the presence of his works exclusively in manuscripts of northern Italian provenance has led scholars more recently to doubt this possibility. Hard evidence of his whereabouts is practically nonexistent, however. Nádas and Ziino have suggested that the text of the ballata ...

Article

Gilbert Reaney

[Philipoctus, Filipoctus]

( fl c1370). Theorist and composer. He was active in Avignon c1370, and his residence at the Papal court there is confirmed by his ballade Par les bons Gedeons which pays homage to the antipope Clement VII (1378–94). The extent of his theoretical writing is disputed. Arlt has argued that the ascription of the Tractatus figurarum (or Tractatus de diversis figuris) to Egidius de Murino is incorrect; it also survives with ascriptions to Philippus de Caserta ( I-FZc ) and Magister Phillipotus Andreas ( US-Cn ). The doubtful suggestion by Strohm (following Pirrotta) that the two are identical is supported by the association of Caserta with the Visconti court of Pavia, where the latter manuscript was copied. If this is correct, there are five treatises that survive with dubious ascriptions to Caserta. (Four of these treatises occur in a manuscript from the second half of the 15th century. This source is closely associated with John Hothby's teaching.)...

Article

Maria V. Coldwell

( fl early 13th century). Troubadour . A noblewoman from the Auvergne, she was the wife of Turc de Mairona. Three of her poems are extant, but without music. See also Troubadours, trouvères, §I, 3 , I, 3.

M. Bogin: The Women Troubadours (New York, 1976), 118–29,175...

Article

Theodore Karp

(fl ?mid-13th century). Trouvère. It is doubtful that this man was identifiable, as suggested by Gröber, with the ‘Copin’ who appears as judge in a jeu-parti involving members of the Arras literary circle. His two pastourelles with variable refrains (Entre Godefroi et Robin...

Article

Tom R. Ward

(fl 1406–17). French composer. The earliest known documentation of his life is from the court of Jean, Duke of Berry, at Bourges, where he was a clerc from 1406 and maître des enfants from 1407 to 1409, when he left the post (a Pierre Cesaris is also documented at Bourges between ...

Article

Andrew Wathey

(fl c1310–20). French reviser and perhaps author and/or composer. He was apparently responsible for the radical reworking (c1317–18) of Gerves du Bus's roman de Fauvel that survives uniquely in the manuscript F-Pn fr.146. He was almost certainly active in the political and administrative circles surrounding the court of King Philippe V of France and the French princes, the milieu from which that manuscript probably originated. His identity is obscure, perhaps intentionally in view of the biting satire embodied in the interpolated ...

Article

Theodore Karp

(fl 1220–45). French trouvère. He was presumably a native of Croisilles, near Arras. Five chansons (one spurious), two jeux-partis in Old French (R.1437 and 1822) and one in Provençal have been credited to him, of which the items listed below survive with music. In two chansons the poet celebrated in acrostics Marguerite de Bourbon, who married Thibaut IV of Champagne in ...

Article

Paula Higgins

(fl 1401–33; d Cambrai, July 28, 1461). French composer. His single work, the triple-texted rondeau Jusques à tant/Puisqu'ency/Certes m'amour (ed. in CMM, xi/2, 1959), is preserved in the fifth fascicle of GB-Ob Canon.misc.213. He has generally been identified with one of three individuals: Jean Carité, a canon of Laon and one of 24 ministers of the artistic and literary society known as the Cour d'Amour (‘Court of Love’), founded in the Burgundian Duke Philip the Bold's Hôtel d'Artois in Paris on St Valentine's Day, ...

Article

Theodore Karp

(b 1145–55; d ?April 1204). French trouvère, probably identifiable with Guillaume de Ferrières. The evidence relating to the identification of the Vidame includes the coat of arms given in the miniature in the Manuscrit du Roi ( F-Pn fr.844), the date of the ...

Article

Chassa  

Gianluca D’Agostino

Designation attached to a two-voice Gloria in the manuscript F-APT 16bis. The word may not refer to a composer’s name, but might rather reflect the nature of the piece (i.e. reminiscent of the secular caccia; see Tomasello). Some voice-exchanging typical of the caccia is in fact found in the Gloria; on the other hand, it cannot be considered canonic. Otherwise, Wright has suggested that ‘Chassa’ may refer to one Cassin Hullin, a ...

Article

Christopher Page

(b c1340–45; d London, Oct 25, 1400). English poet. The son of a London vintner, Chaucer served in Edward III’s army in France. He subsequently travelled abroad, often on diplomatic business, but for most of his life he was a high-ranking official, often in royal service. Although his works contain a number of allusions to music, he probably had little technical knowledge of the subject. A humorous reference to the ...

Article

Sarah Fuller

(fl 1132–57). Cistercian monk and abbot of the monastery at Cherlieu from 1132–57. In some manuscripts known in the 18th and 19th centuries, the preface to the Cistercian Gradual, Cantum quem Cisterciensis ordinis, bore an attribution to Guido of Cherlieu. Since these manuscripts have now disappeared, it is impossible to evaluate their testimony. There is a distinct possibility that Guido of Cherlieu is an alternative name for ...