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Almonte Howell and Rui Vieira Nery

(b Vila Viçosa, March 19, 1604; d Lisbon, Nov 6, 1656). Portuguese ruler, collector of music, writer on music and composer. As heir to the dukedom of Bragança, whose ruling family was notable for its love of music, he received a thorough musical education; his first teacher was Robert Tornar (or Torgh), an English (or possibly Irish) composer who had been a disciple of Gery de Ghersem and Mathieu Rosmarin at the Royal Flemish Chapel in Madrid. After Portugal’s successful rebellion in ...

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Ernest H. Sanders

(d 1238–9). English monk. Since the mid-19th century the name of this monk at Reading Abbey has been associated with the so-called Reading rota Sumer is icumen in; he has been regarded as the possible scribe of the manuscript containing it (GB-Lbl...

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Jēkabs Vītoliņš

(b Ērgļi, Vidzeme, Sept 30, 1856; d Riga, Sept 28, 1922). Latvian composer and folklorist. He was one of the founders of Latvian classical music, graduating at the St Petersburg Conservatory from Lui Homilius’s organ class (1880), Rimsky-Korsakov’s composition class (...

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Lada Brashovanova

(b Yambol, June 4, 1905; d Sofia, July 12, 1989). Bulgarian music folklorist. After graduating from the State Academy of Music in Sofia in 1938, he taught music in Bulgarian secondary schools from 1939 to 1945. He then worked until 1948 in the folk music section of the Ethnographical Museum in Sofia. From ...

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William Drabkin

(b Neustadt an der Mettau [now Nové Město na Metové], May 17, 1819; d Vienna, Oct 23, 1886). Bohemian pianist, composer and collector of music manuscripts. He won considerable popularity as a composer of light piano pieces, among them nocturnes, idylls, impromptus and rhapsodies, of which about 200 were published. He is remembered chiefly as the owner of a number of Beethoven manuscripts, including the autographs of the piano sonatas opp.28 and 53 and various sketch miscellanies and leaves. The most important manuscript from his collection (the ‘Kafka’ Sketchbook), which contains sketches and autographs of many of Beethoven's earliest works, was acquired by the British Museum in ...

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Nicoletta Demetriou

(b Lefkonoiko, May 5, 1904; d Nicosia, May 10, 2004). Cypriot church cantor, Byzantine music scholar, and folk song collector and singer. He studied Byzantine music with Stylianos Hourmouzios in Nicosia (1921–4). He continued his studies in Byzantine music with Ioannis Sakellarides and Spyros Kapsaskis at the National Conservatoire of Athens, where he also studied Western music (...

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Georgina Boyes

(b London, Nov 12, 1885; d London, Oct 1, 1976). English authority on folksong and folk dance and folksong collector. In 1909, intending to acquire teaching materials for her social work with children, she attended Morris dance competitions adjudicated by Cecil Sharp at the Shakespeare Festival, Stratford-on-Avon. Fascinated, she joined his first school of Morris dancing at South Western Polytechnic, London, and began a career devoted to promoting his vision of an English folk revival. With Sharpe’s encouragement, she recruited friends and in ...

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David Brown

(b Moscow, 1769; d Moscow, Dec 1841). Russian folksong collector and composer. Son of one of General Bibikov’s serfs, he was a pupil of Sarti in Bessarabia (1788), and in 1790 performed two of his own pieces (including a piano concerto) at a public concert given in Moscow by Bibikov’s serf orchestra, of which Kashin was director in the 1790s. It is possible that he also visited Italy during this period. Freed from serfdom in ...

Article

(b Moscow, 16/Nov 28, 1856; d Moscow, Dec 17, 1926). Russian composer and folklorist. The son of a priest, he acquired his musical education at the Moscow Conservatory (1876–78), where he studied music theory, composition and the piano. In ...

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(b Piotrków Trybunalski, Poland, 1910; d New York, Aug 27, 2010). American musician, instrument collector, bow maker, and jeweller. Kaston studied the violin with his father and grandfather before taking lessons with Enescu in Paris from 1937. After World War II he came with his wife to New York; their son was born during the passage. He played briefly with the Cleveland Orchestra before joining the Metropolitan Opera orchestra in ...

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Lada Brashovanova

(b Ruse, Sept 23, 1925). Bulgarian folklorist and composer. He graduated in 1952 in both theory and performance at the State Academy of Music in Sofia and worked at the Music Institute of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, as junior research fellow (...

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H.C. Colles and Frank Howes

(b Perth, Oct 1857; d Edinburgh, Nov 22, 1930). Scottish singer, folksong collector and editor. Her father, David Kennedy, was her first teacher, and she completed her studies under Mathilde Marchesi in Milan and Paris. From the age of 12 she acted as her father’s accompanist. This background, together with her striking musical abilities, brought her to a leading position in promoting interest in the Gaelic songs of the Hebrides, although she was neither the first nor the most highly qualified collector in this area. Her published arrangements were criticized as being too free, but she defended them on the ground of the variability of the songs according to time, place and singer. This she had learnt from her experience as a collector in the Outer Hebrides, which she visited first in ...

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Herbert Thompson, William C. Smith, Frank Howes and Rosemary Williamson

(b Leeds, Nov 15, 1855; d Leeds, Nov 7, 1926). English musical antiquary and folksong collector. Although of the school of William Chappell, he differed from it in accepting the validity of the oral tradition of folksong. He was a founder member of the Folk-Song Society in ...

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Ludwik Bielawski

( b Przysucha, Opoczno district, Feb 22, 1814; d Kraków, June 3, 1890). Polish folklorist and composer . He was educated at the Warsaw Lyceum (1823–30) and studied the piano with Franciszek Vetter. He then worked in a bank, continuing his musical studies with Józef Elsner and I.F. Dobrzyński and later in Berlin (...

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Jonathan Katz

(b Kapasan, between Udaipur and Chittaurgarh, Rajasthan, India, March 4, 1929). Indian folklorist and scholar of traditional music. His early education was in Udaipur and Jodhpur. Having taken a degree in Hindi at the University of Rajasthan, he first pursued scholarly interests in Hindi literature. In ...

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Thomas F. Heck

(b Germany, 1872; d St. Louis, MO, April 3, 1962). American guitarist, music collector, and teacher. He immigrated to the United States at age 15 and settled in St. Louis. He played banjo and mandolin as well as guitar, and was largely self-taught, although the guitarist ...

Article

John Tyrrell

(b Poděbrady, Bohemia, April 16, 1863; d Prague, Nov 30, 1956). Czech folksong collector, writer and painter. After studying at the Prague Organ School under Skuherský (1877–9) and at a teachers' training college in Kutná Hora (1879–83), he became a village schoolmaster for a few years. He abandoned this in ...

Article

Sarah Adams Hoover

(b Deadwood, SD, Nov 9, 1955). American curator and organologist. He studied cabinet making at Western Dakota Vocational-Technical Institute (1978) and harpsichord (BM 1982) and the history of musical instruments (MM 1986) at the University of South Dakota. While an undergraduate, he served as research assistant at the National Music Museum. Since ...

Article

(b Antwerp, Belgium, 13 Feb 1928). Belgian organologist and museum curator. She studied at the University of Ghent from 1948 to 1952 and received the PhD (1957) with a dissertation on music at the Burgundian-Habsburg court in the Netherlands. She started her career in ...

Article

Alec Hyatt King

(b Breslau, 1807; d Rome, May 6, 1858). German musician and collector. After beginning his career as a tenor in the chorus of the Royal Opera House in Berlin, he settled in Rome and lived there for 24 years. He studied the piano and organized successful amateur concerts. He also devoted himself intensively to the study of early music and musical literature. His wide knowledge helped him to amass a valuable library, drawn from all over Italy and Germany. At his death, his heirs conveyed part of the collection to Breslau and part to Berlin, and catalogues were prepared to enable it to be acquired by music lovers. But many of the choicest items appear to have vanished (this statement is derived from Fétis, who seems to have known Landsberg by correspondence and received from him a manuscript catalogue on which he based his comparisons). Nevertheless, some of the greatest treasures, including a number of Beethoven sketchbooks, found their way into the Königliche Bibliothek (later called the Preussische Staatsbibliothek) in Berlin; most of them remain in the collections of the Deutsche Staatsbibliothek and the Staatsbibliothek der Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz in Berlin....