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Elizabeth Keitel

(b Vernon, Eure, March 31, 1722; d after 1779). French violinist, composer and teacher. He was the son of Nicole Picot and Antoine Branche, a dancing-master and possibly the musician who was active in Lyons in 1732. In 1748 Branche dedicated his Première livre de sonates à violon seul et basse (Paris) to his patron, the Marquis de Caraman. The following year he was first violinist at the Comédie-Française, playing with, among others, Piffet, Chartier, Perrin, Sénéchal and Blondeau until his retirement in 1764. He continued to teach the violin until 1779 after which his name no longer appears. He had contemporaries with the same surname: a first violinist in a 1767 concert at Orleans, and a woman who in 1771 published a book of airs and a sonata for harpsichord; it is not clear whether they were related.

Although the accompaniment to Branche’s Concerto à violon principal...


Ferenc Bónis

(b Pest, Oct 20, 1799; d Pest, April 15, 1871). Hungarian conductor, teacher and composer. He studied the piano with János Skrobák and Joseph Czerny and, at the same time, the violin, which enabled him to play in János Bihari’s gypsy orchestra during the carnival season of 1809. In 1812 he became a pupil of Hummel in Vienna, and in 1815 he conducted the residential orchestra of the Kállay family in Nagykálló. For over 50 years he worked in Pest, first as a music teacher (his most famous pupil was Stephen Heller), later as choirmaster of the Inner City Parish Church (1833) and as assistant director of the Singing School (later the Conservatory) of the Pestbuda Society of Musicians (from 1845). Together with Erkel he conducted the orchestral concerts of the Musical Society in 1847; this activity led to the founding of the Pest Philharmonic Society in ...


J. Bunker Clark

(b England; d Philadelphia, PA, or nr Philadelphia, Sept 1780). American composer, teacher, organist, and harpsichordist of English birth. He may have been related to the Edinburgh and London publisher Robert Bremner. He came to America in 1763 and settled in Philadelphia, where he taught harpsichord, guitar, violin, and flute, and served as organist at St. Peter’s Church. By 1767 he was organist at Christ Church, where he remained until 1774 or later, but he may have spent some of this period in England, for a “J. Bremner” published music in London during the years 1770–75. Bremner and one of his pupils, Francis Hopkinson, often presented public concerts together. Hopkinson substituted as organist at Christ Church during Bremner’s absence and wrote an ode on the occasion of Bremner’s death. Four short harpsichord pieces and one arrangement by Bremner are in the Hopkinson manuscript collection at the University of Pennsylvania....


Walter Ojakäär

(Mikhaylovich )

(b Moscow, June 9, 1944). Russian pianist, teacher, and composer. From 1962 to 1966 he led a trio at the Vserossiyskoye Gastrol’no-kontsertnoye Ob’yedinenie (All-Russian society for guest performances). He played with Aleksey Kozlov in the big band VIO-66 (the Vocal Instrumental Orchestra, directed by the composer Yuri Saulsky) and also in a quartet drawn from the band which recorded at a festival in Moscow in 1967. Thereafter he worked in a duo with German Luk’yanov (1969–70) and led various groups ranging in size from quartet to sextet (1969–91); these groups made several recordings, among them Pered zakhodom solntsa (1985, Mel. C60 21873003) and Live at the Village Gate (1988, Mobile Fidelity 861). Bril performed at festivals and concerts in Europe, Indonesia, Cuba, and the USA. From 1991 he led the group New Generation, which included his twin sons, the saxophonists Dmitry and Alexander (...


Delmer D. Rogers

(b Brooklyn, NY, Dec 19, 1825; d New York, Dec 13, 1898). American composer, conductor, teacher and performer. He was the son of William Richard Bristow (1803–67), conductor and clarinettist in the New York area. After piano study with his father, his principal teachers were Henry Christian Timm for piano, George Macfarren for harmony, counterpoint and orchestration, and Ole Bull for the violin.

Bristow began his professional career as a violinist at the age of 13 with the Olympic Theatre orchestra, a group of six that performed in popular musical comedies. He joined the first violin section of the New York Philharmonic SO in its second season of 1843 (not 1842 as reported in other sources) and remained a member until 1879. In the 1850s he performed in and often led the violin section of such notable orchestras as Jullien’s (1853–4) and those that accompanied Jenny Lind (...


Sven Hansell

(b Milan, ? end of the 17th century; d Milan, ? c1758). Italian composer, possibly an impresario, singing teacher and violinist. 18th-century sources (e.g. BurneyH; GerberL; GerberNL and La BordeE) blur the distinction between two or more musicians active in Milan by failing to give first names. Only the revised edition of Mancini (1777) supplies Giuseppe Ferdinando as the composer’s first names and describes him as a prominent Milanese singing teacher without identifying him with the violinist, composer and impresario also active in Milan. In fact a family of Brivios could be involved, including an older singing teacher, Carlo Francesco Brivio, who appeared in Milanese operas of 1696, Teodolinda and L’Etna festante, the librettos for which call him ‘musico di S.E. il Castellano’ (the castle commander’s musician). Suggested as Giuseppe Ferdinando’s father (Martinotti in DBI), this Carlo Francesco may have been the bass employed in the ducal court chapel until ...


Gary Galván

(Ellen )

(b Schenectady, NY, March 17, 1949). American composer, educator, and pianist. She studied briefly at the University of California at Santa Barbara and Michigan State University before settling at the University of Michigan to complete a BMus in music theory and embark on graduate studies in composition with George Balch Wilson, leslie Bassett , and wallace Berry . Immersed in electronic and experimental music, she also worked with the recently retired ross lee Finney and distinguished herself as the first woman to earn a DMA in composition from the University of Michigan in 1977.

Fellowships from the Fulbright Foundation, the Alliance Française, and a Rackham Prize enabled her to study with Max Deutsch and Eugene Kurtz in Paris and Vienna. Other notable honors include a Sigvald Thompson Composition Competition Prize for her first orchestral piece and a Sundance Institute Film Composers’ Lab Fellowship to work with Bruce Boughton, Henry Mancini...


Barton Cantrell

revised by Michael Meckna

(b Brooklyn, NY, Nov 22, 1870; d New York, Feb 20, 1951). American composer, pianist and teacher. He studied piano with H.O.C. Kortheuer and in 1890 went to Berlin, where he remained for five years, studying composition with Otis Boise and piano with Heinrich Barth. A successful concert of his chamber and orchestral pieces was given by the Berlin PO on 23 February 1895. Returning to the USA, he gave many concerts and taught at the Peabody Institute (1903–9), Mannes College and, from 1910 to 1940, the Institute of Musical Art (which was taken over by the Juilliard Musical Foundation in 1926). He produced few original works after 1911, but his arrangements of Kentucky folksongs, collected with Loraine Wyman, enjoyed popularity in the USA and England. Brockway was a gifted composer, whose works display a rare sensibility and warmth of melody and harmony, best expressed in his numerous song settings. Notable among his larger-scale works are the Violin Sonata and the Cello Suite....


Gary W. Kennedy

(Ray )

(b Hernando, MS, March 28, 1954). American pianist and composer. He grew up in Memphis in a musical family and played drums, baritone horn, and trumpet, on which he won several awards in his youth, before taking up piano. At Memphis State University (1972–5) he focused on piano and was encouraged to explore jazz by his classmate James Williams. He then worked locally before replacing Williams in Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers (1981). While with Blakey he toured internationally and appeared in the video Jazz at the Smithsonian:Art Blakey and the Jazz Messengers (1982). In 1982 rheumatoid arthritis forced Brown to leave the group. From 1983 to 1985 he was a member of the faculty at the Berklee College of Music, and in 1988 he began teaching jazz history and leading student ensembles at the University of Tennessee. Although his activities have been limited by arthritis, he has occasionally worked with Freddie Hubbard, Eddie “Lockjaw” Davis, and the ...


Arlan R. Coolidge

(b Newburyport, MA, April 6, 1818; d Stamford, CT, June 23, 1891). American pianist, composer, and teacher. He lived for a time in Boston, where he was a protégé of Jonas Chickering. After an injury to his hand prevented study abroad, he went to Providence in 1849 and became organist there at the First Baptist Church in America. In 1856 he moved to New York, where he joined the faculty of the Spingler Institute on Union Square. Following the Civil War he built a conservatory with a 400-seat concert hall in Stamford, and expanded his teaching to Bridgeport and other communities in southern Connecticut. Brown published more than 200 compositions as well as several pedagogical works, including the Institute Chorus Book (1857). Many of his songs and piano pieces were very successful: “Will you come to my mountain home?” (1845) sold 60,000 copies, and ...


Keith Moore

(b Memphis, Jan 21, 1944). American composer, pianist, conductor and musicologist. He studied the piano with Roy McAllister at the University of Alabama (BM 1965), with Sophia Rosoff, and with Soulima Stravinsky at the University of Illinois (MM 1966), where he also studied composition with Ben Johnson (DMA, 1971) and had contact with Hamm, Hiller, Kessler and Brün. He served on the music faculty at Illinois (1968–74) before joining the staff at Wesleyan University. He was a member of the editorial committee of New World Records (1974–8), founding chairman of New England Sacred Harp Singing (1976) and has held visiting professorships at Middlebury College, Bucknell University and the University of Michigan. In 1980 he was Senior Research Fellow at the Institute for Studies in American Music at Brooklyn College.

In 1968 Bruce founded the American Music Group (AMG), an ensemble innovative in its dedication to American music of all eras. AMG recorded the music of Anthony Philip Heinrich for Vanguard, toured widely in the United States and, under Bruce’s direction, gave the 20th-century première of Bristow’s ...


Erik Levi

(b Munich, Feb 14, 1903; d Starnberg, Dec 26, 1978). German composer, conductor and teacher. He studied the organ, the flute, voice, conducting and music theory at the Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich and from 1921 to 1923 was a composition pupil of Beer-Walbrunn and Waltershausen. Together with Carl Orff he formed a Society for the Promotion of Contemporary Music in Munich in 1927, immersing himself thoroughly in the most advanced musical developments of the period. Between 1929 and 1931 he was instrumental in performing such works as Hindemith’s Kammermusik no.5 and Lehrstück and Stravinsky’s Histoire du soldat in front of a largely conservative Bavarian audience. He also assisted Hermann Scherchen with the first performance of Alois Hába’s opera Matka (‘The Mother’) in 1932. With the rise of the Nazis, Büchtger felt compelled to renounce his earlier predilection for the avant garde and now composed in a nationalist style that was deemed acceptable to the new regime. After World War II, however, he once again took up the cause of contemporary music, founding the Studio für Neue Musik in Munich in ...


Lucrecia R. Kasilag

(b Santa Maria, Bulacan, Oct 14, 1929). Filipino composer, conductor and teacher. He studied at the universities of S Tomas and Centro Escolar, and at the Gregorian Institute. Teaching appointments followed at the Philippine Women’s University, St Scholastica’s College and other institutions. For a time he was the organist of Manila Cathedral, and he has also been active as the director of several bands and of the glee club of Ateneo University, Loyola. He became dean of the Centro Escolar University Conservatory and received the Republic Cultural Heritage Award twice (1964, 1972); he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Philippine Women's University in 1989. His compositions, often based on Philippine legend and history, use Romantic, Impressionist and contemporary idioms.

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Irina Boga

(b Ploieşti, Romania May 18, 1916; d Bucharest, Romania, July 23, 1998). Romanian conductor, composer, musicologist, and professor. He began his studies at the Bucharest Conservatory (orchestra conducting with Ionel Perlea 1933–40). He specialized in Salzburg (1941–2 with Klemens Krauss), and also graduated from the Philosophy Department of the Bucharest University (1933–6). He was conductor (1957–76) and director (1957–9) of the Romanian Opera in Bucharest, and conductor at the Alhambra Theatre, at the Company for Comic Opera, and at the Bucharest Philharmonic (1947–62). He was also conductor and director at the Romanian Opera in Cluj (1948–52), professor at the Department of Music History and Orchestral Conducting (1952–76) at the Bucharest Conservatory, the first conductor and director of the Cinematography Orchestra in Bucharest (1953–68), and director of music and advisor in the Ministry of Culture (...


Thor Eckert and Anya Laurence

(b Hartford, CT, May 29, 1915; d Bronx, NY, Sept 7, 2001).

American conductor, arranger, and teacher. The son of a Russian Orthodox priest, Buketoff had special fondness for Russian music, especially that of Sergei Rachmaninov. He studied at the University of Kansas (1931-32), the Juilliard School (1935-41), and the Los Angeles Conservatory (honorary doctorate, 1949). He was appointed to the faculties of the Juilliard School (1935–45), the Chautauqua School of Music (1941–7) and Columbia University (1943–7). He also taught at Butler University (1953–63), and at the University of Texas (1977–9).

In 1942 he was the recipient of the Alice M. Ditson Award for Young Conductors. His conducting posts included the Chautauqua Opera (1941–7), the Fort Wayne Philharmonic Orchestra (1948–66), the Icelandic State Symphony Orchestra (1964–5), the St. Paul Opera (...


Margery Morgan Lowens

(b Wyoming, NY, April 17, 1885; d Madison, WI, July 28, 1980). American composer, violinist, and teacher. He studied violin and theory as a child, and while in high school composed incidental music and began improvising at the piano. From 1903 to 1905 he attended the Klindworth-Scharwenka Conservatory, Berlin, where he studied violin with Anton Witek and composition with Leichtentritt. Upon his return to the United States he enrolled at the Chicago Musical College, studying violin with Emile Sauret and composition with Felix Borowski. He appeared as a soloist with major orchestras and in joint recitals in Canada and the United States between 1907 and 1909; he then taught violin at the Western Institute of Music and Drama in Denver until 1911, violin and theory at Morningside College, Sioux City, Iowa (1911–14), and at Montana State University, Missoula. He left teaching in 1919 to resume his studies in New York: violin with Auer, composition with Bloch, and orchestration with Rothwell. He also played violin professionally. From ...


(b Erie, PA, Dec 2, 1866; d Stamford, CT, Sept 12, 1949). American singer, composer, arranger, and music editor. His early music study included piano, voice, guitar, and bass viol. In January 1892 he won a scholarship at the National Conservatory of Music in New York. Among Conservatory faculty who influenced his career were Victor Herbert and Antonín Dvořák, director of the conservatory from September 1892 to April 1895. Burleigh became Dvořák’s copyist and librarian of the Conservatory orchestra, in which he played timpani and bass viol. He sang plantation songs and spirituals for Dvořák that he had learned from his grandfather, a former slave. Dvořák’s Symphony no.9 in E minor, “From the New World,” was written and premiered while Burleigh was at the Conservatory.

In New York Burleigh took his place among prominent African American singers such as soprano Sissieretta Jones (known as the Black Patti). In the years ...


Donald R. Lowe


(b Bjerre, Denmark, March 29, 1862; d Kansas City, MO, Dec 19, 1943). American composer, conductor and teacher. He studied at the Copenhagen Conservatory with J.P.E. Hartmann and Gade (1882–5), at the Brussels Conservatory (1885) and in Paris with Benjamin Godard (1886). In 1887 he emigrated to the USA and settled in Kansas City. He founded and conducted several musical organizations, including the Kansas City SO (1911–18), and appeared as guest conductor with orchestras throughout the USA and Europe. He was a noted teacher of string instruments and of theory and composition, numbering among his pupils Robert Russell Bennett and William Dawson. From 1924 to 1938 he taught at the Chicago Musical College, Brigham Young University, Notre Dame University, Kansas City-Horner Conservatory and Kansas City University. As a composer, he was especially noted for works based on American subjects, particularly the Amerindian; his several award-winning compositions include ...


Colin Mason

revised by Hugo Cole and Derek Watson


(b London, Dec 22, 1900; d Watford, Oct 31, 1995). English composer, pianist and teacher. He studied music at the RAM (1918–22) with Corder for composition and Matthay for piano, winning numerous scholarships during this period. In 1921 he met Ireland and in the following year began to study composition with him privately, continuing until 1927. He took further piano lessons privately from Moiseiwitsch, Mabel Lander and Schnabel (1924–9). To complete his training he studied philosophy and musicology at the University of Berlin (1929–31). In 1925 he was appointed a professor of composition at the RAM; he was elected FRAM in 1938 and continued teaching there until 1978. From 1925 he took an active role in working-class movements, joining the Communist Party in 1935. In 1929 he succeeded Boughton as music adviser and conductor to the London Labour Choral Union (until 1940...


Gerald Larner

revised by Richard D.C. Noble


(b Manchester, Aug 4, 1923). English composer, conductor and teacher. He was a composition pupil of Richard Hall at the Royal Manchester College of Music, where he also studied the trumpet and conducting. He played the trumpet in the Scottish National and Hallé orchestras and as a freelance until 1963, after which he combined composing with conducting and teaching at the Huddersfield School of Music. Though he experimented with 12-note techniques as a student, his mature and characteristic compositions are conservative in idiom, influenced primarily by Sibelius and Nielsen, Elgar and other English symphonists of a generation before his own. The major source of inspiration for his music, especially his four expansive symphonies, is the north country in which he lives, its poetry, its painting and its landscapes. His contributions to the brass band repertory have been notable. He was made an MBE in 1995.

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