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Stefano Ajani

revised by Bianca Maria Antolini

(b c1643; d Feb 1, 1727). Italian publisher, printer and bookseller. From 1676 he was a member of the Venetian Printers' Guild, and in the same year he began printing thanks to the financial support of the composer Natale Monferrato, maestro di cappella of S Marco, publishing his Salmi concertati a 2 voci con violini e senza (op.11). He conducted his business, under the sign of King David playing the harp, at S Giovanni Grisostomo in the house of Monferrato. On the composer's death in 1685, Sala became the sole proprietor of the firm. In 1682 he published, anonymously, L’armonia sonora delle sonate, an anthology, edited by himself, of 12 sonatas for two violins and basso continuo by various composers.

An Indice dell’opere di musica sin hora stampate da Giuseppe Sala in Venezia (?1714) enumerates his output of psalms, motets, cantatas and sonatas, in particular those of Bassani, Monferrato, Giulio Taglietti and Corelli; he published at least 14 editions of Corelli’s first five opus numbers. The index also shows that he published psalms by Sartorio, D.F. Rossi, Cazzati and F.M. Benedetti, motets by Legrenzi, G.B. Allegri, Bonporti, G.M. Bononcini and Gasparini, cantatas by Caldara, G.L. Gregori and Albinoni and sonatas by G.B. Vitali, Legrenzi, de Castro, Corelli, Torelli, Ercole Bernabei and Benedetto Marcello. Altogether Sala printed 151 publications between ...


Alec Hyatt King

revised by Malcolm Miller

(b Schwiegershausen, Nov 3, 1805; d Crete, Nebraska, March 1880). German writer on music. Like others of his generation, Schilling, the son of a pastor, received his education in both music and theology, in the former partly from his father, in the latter from teachers at Göttingen and Halle. From 1830 to 1836 he was director of a music school in Stuttgart founded by Franz Stöpel, but gave it up to become a freelance writer in theology and politics as well as in music. He was founder and secretary of the Deutsche National-Verein für Musik und ihre Wissenschaft and edited its yearbook from 1839 to 1843.

Between 1839 and 1850 Schilling published over a score of books on musical subjects including aesthetics, harmony, pianism and composers (among these an account of Liszt, 1842), which are generally superficial; they are, however, significant in their development of both performance theory and the history of music theory. His career in Germany came to an end in ...


Nigel Simeone

(b Eichstätt, Feb 23, 1921). German antiquarian dealer, publisher and bibliographer. He founded his antiquarian business at Tutzing near Munich in 1949, issuing a number of catalogues each year. Several of these have become useful works of reference on individual composers, including Brahms, Mozart, Paganini and Schumann, while an innovative series devoted to individual publishers, including Schott, André and Universal Edition, has also been produced. By 1998 the firm had issued over 350 antiquarian catalogues, usually devoted to one of three specialist areas: important manuscripts and letters, first and early editions, and music literature. Through its prolific but scrupulously detailed catalogues, the firm established itself as one of the most important in postwar Europe.

In 1958 Schneider founded a publishing house which has produced some fine facsimiles such as Beethoven's Missa solemnis (Kyrie only) and Brahms's Clarinet Trio. A significant aspect of the firm's activity has been the publication of scholarly series such as the pioneering Musikbibliographische Arbeiten guides to the first editions of composers from Mozart to Messiaen. Other series include Orff-Dokumentation (8 vols.), a catalogue of music in the Hoboken Collection (...


J. Bradford Young

American firm of music publishers . Edward Schuberth began his association with the New York branch of the Leipzig publisher Julius Schuberth in 1858. When the branch closed in 1872, he established his own publishing business in Union Square. His earliest publications were by German and German-trained musicians, and included songs with English and German words, German-American pieces such as Fritz Neumüller’s Campaign March for Grover Cleveland (1884) and a series of European piano pieces edited by William Mason. Schuberth was the first American publisher of Victor Herbert’s music, issuing his first five operettas, the Second Cello Concerto and some orchestral music. In the 1890s the firm published English translations of European operettas by Ludwig Engländer and Ede Poldini, which were popular in New York, as well as those by the American composer De Koven. Schuberth became recognised as one of the major American publishers of serious music.

In ...


Norbert Carnovale

revised by Richard Dyer


(b New York, Nov 22, 1925; d Boston, June 21, 2015). American composer, conductor, educator, writer, publisher, and record producer. He was born into a musical family that had immigrated to America from Germany; his father played in the violin section of the New York PO for 42 years. In 1937 Schuller enrolled in the St. Thomas Church Choir School in New York where his general musical education was supervised by T. Tertius Noble. By the time he finished high school, he was already a horn player of professional caliber. At the age of 16 he performed in the American premiere broadcast of Shostakovich’s Symphony no.7, the “Leningrad,” conducted by Toscanini; his first book, Horn Technique (London and New York, 1962, 2/1992) has remained a standard reference.

After a season touring in the American Ballet Theatre orchestra under the direction of Antal Dorati, Schuller was appointed to the position of principal horn in the Cincinnati SO (from ...


(b New York, Dec 11, 1932). American writer . He studied at Princeton University (BA 1955) and worked as an independent writer on music, founding in 1970 the Musical Newsletter, an adventurous periodical that produced many worthwhile articles during its seven years’ life. Smith served as president of the Music Critics Association, ...


Lavern John Wagner

(b New York, May 28, 1852; d Kansas City, MO, Feb 4, 1916). American composer, publisher, and band director. As a band director in 1879, he moved from Muscatine, Iowa to Princeton, Illinois. In 1879 A.E. Squire published Southwell’s Collection of 24 Sextettes for Brass Instruments, intended to be performed in groups of three, with a brief modulation between each piece. Taking a cue from Squire, Southwell established his own music publishing firm in Princeton, printing 21 of his own compositions 1881–4. In 1884–5 his firm published in Wellington, Kansas, then temporarily in Topeka, Kansas, in 1887. The North Western Band Carnival in June 1887 prompted Southwell to move his company permanently to Kansas City. After his early serious band compositions, Southwell became aware of the vast market for town band music, and composed especially for amateur bands. During his life Southwell composed 558 works. After his death the firm was continued by his brother Charles, until sold to Volkwein Brothers in ...


Theodor Wohnhaas

(b Steinau an der Strasse; d Frankfurt, cJan 20, 1629). German music dealer and music publisher. In 1602 he and the printer Wolfgang Richter founded a printing and publishing association in Frankfurt which existed until 1615 under the name of Typographia Musica; it was one of the leading German music publishing firms before the Thirty Years War, and concentrated on Catholic church music, also publishing numerous collections of dances and lieder. Stein published, among others, works by Giulio Belli, Finetti, Getzmann, Giovannelli, Pacelli, Jacob Regnart, Jacob Reiner, Melchior Schramm, Thomas Simpson, Lodovico Viadana and Zucchini....


(b Buchau [now Bochov], nr Carlsbad [now Karlovy Vary, Czechoslovakia], c probably 1530; d Eger [now Cheb, Czechoslovakia], mid-Feb 1592). Bohemian music editor, poet, printer, bookseller and ?composer. He may have attended the Lateinschule at Eger or the one at Joachimsthal (now Jáchymov). In 1554, according to his own testimony, he was a student at Leipzig. From April 1558 for about a year he was Kantor at the Lateinschule at Eger. In 1561 he applied again for this post but was refused. Between 1559 and 1567 he seems to have travelled about a good deal – he is known to have visited Budweis (now Ceské Budějovice), whose choir he praised highly, Ossegg, Prague and Nuremberg – and he also had several private pupils. Title-pages of his prints indicate that from at least 1567 until 1569 he was again living at Eger. In 1569–70 he probably stayed for some time at Nuremberg. From ...


Don Cusic

[Ragsdale, Harold Ray ]

(b Clarkdale, GA, Jan 24, 1939). American singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist, producer, arranger, music publisher, television star, and entrepreneur. Harold Ragsdale began his musical career with a high school band that played R&B songs by the Coasters, Drifters, and other R&B groups. In 1955 the family moved to Atlanta, where publisher Bill Lowery signed him as a songwriter and secured his first recording contract with Capitol Records; Capitol’s Head of A&R, Ken Nelson changed Ragsdale’s name to Ray Stevens. After attending Georgia State University, where he studied music, Stevens had his first success with his recording of “Jeremiah Peabody’s Poly Unsaturated Quick Dissolving Fast Acting Pleasant Tasting Green and Purple Pills” (Mercury, 1961). In 1962 he moved to Nashville, supplementing his own recording career with work as a session musician, arranger, and background vocalist. He garnered a number-one pop hit and his first Grammy with his recording of “Everything is beautiful” (Barnaby, ...


Julian Rushton

(b Besançon, Jan 15, 1735; d Paris, July 20, 1817). French man of letters. Suard went to Paris in 1750 after a turbulent youth and was introduced into literary circles by Marmontel. In his multifarious activity in philosophy, literature and politics, he was a dramatic censor from 1777 and an administrator of the Opéra from 1781; elected to the Académie Française in 1772, he became its secretary in 1803. He collaborated with La Harpe on the Journal de politique et de littérature (1778–81) and with Arnaud in various journals and the miscellany Variétés littéraires. Suard had a special interest in English literature and philosophy; among his friends were Hume and Walpole, and he translated Richardson’s Clarissa. He began editing the musical part of the Encyclopédie méthodique, published by his brother-in-law Pancoucke; pressure of other interests forced him to relinquish the work to N.E. Framery.

An eager controversialist, Suard is said to have taken music lessons the better to defend Gluck, who appealed to him for support; thus equipped he refuted La Harpe’s criticisms ably and in detail in a series of letters to the ...


Barry S. Brook

(b Wehrsdorf, nr Bautzen, Feb 2, 1748; d Leipzig, Sept 12, 1806). German impresario, composer, horn player, writer on music and publisher. He attended the Gymnasium in Bautzen for seven years; in 1770 he began studying law at Leipzig University but within a year turned to music, becoming first horn player for the Grosse Concert-Gesellschaft in 1771. In 1776 he founded a music copying business and manuscript storehouse, producing a large thematic catalogue (rivalling Breitkopf’s) that he sold in manuscript. He described this catalogue (of manuscript works available for copying) and his idealistic plans for the storehouse in a series of pamphlets published between 1778 and 1781. From 1782 he sponsored a series of independent concerts in Leipzig, later producing the Gewandhaus concerts, Dilettanten concerts and Stadtmusik, and undertaking concert tours as far as Dresden, Hamburg and Prague. In addition to works by Haydn, Mozart and others, he performed a number of his own compositions. In ...


Alexander Weinmann

(b Switzerland, c1715; d Vienna, Jan 4, 1798). Swiss music publisher and art dealer. He established his business in Vienna in the early 1770s, and on 5 April 1775 advertised the arrival of new copper engravings in the Wiener Zeitung. His first dealings in music consisted of imports from England, the Netherlands and Paris, his source for Anton Huberty's publications. In 1781 his own first publications appeared. Initially he was a commission agent for Anton Huberty, who had moved to Vienna and eventually became only an engraver for Torricella, gradually handing over many of his pieces; one of the most important was Geminiani's violin tutor, which Torricella published in a splendid new edition on 16 October 1782. The firm flourished in its early days, but increasing competition from Artaria & Co. culminated in a public auction (12 August 1786), at which most of Torricella's plates were obtained by Artaria. He continued to run his art shop until he died, impoverished....


Gary W. Kennedy

(b New York, April 10, 1918; d New York, April 30, 2000). American writer. His father was concert master for the conductor Arturo Toscanini. He was interested in jazz from a young age and attended Columbia University (AB 1939) to be closer to the jazz movement in Harlem; while a student he published articles on jazz in The Spectator. Following graduation he edited Swing: the Guide to Modern Music (c1939–40), Listen (1940–42), and the Review of Recorded Music (1945–6). As the editor of Metronome: Modern Music and its Makers (1943–55) he changed the focus of the journal from classical music and white swing groups to other aspects of jazz, notably bop and its African-American components; in 1950 he designed the Metronome Yearbook. In addition Ulanov organized all-star bop groups which broadcast on WOR (1947) and published biographies of Duke Ellington (...


Marie Cornaz

(b Brussels, 30 Jan 1731; d Brussels, 2 Aug 1794). Flemish bookseller and printer. He was the son-in-law of the Liège printer Jean-François Bassompierre and was established as a bookseller in Brussels by 5 April 1749. From 1764, Vanden Berghen regularly advertised musical compositions sold in his shop in the Brussels journal Gazette des Pays-Bas. On 11 September 1769 he took over the privilege to print librettos for the Théâtre de La Monnaie from Jean-Joseph Boucherie. Recognized as a printer of the lyric repertoire in Brussels, Vanden Berghen’s editions of librettos, which included musical supplements from 1770 to 1773, were of opéras-comiques and comédies mêlées d’ariettes by Baccelli, Dezède, Fridzeri, Grétry, and Martini.

P. Raspé and H. Vanhulst: ‘L’édition musicale’, La musique en Wallonie et à Bruxelles, ed. R. Wangermée and P. Mercier (Brussels, 1980), vol.1, 301–5M. Cornaz: ‘La Monnaie et le commerce des ouvrages lyriques à Bruxelles’, ...


Miriam Miller

(d 1587). English printer, publisher and bookseller of French birth . He was a Huguenot refugee who settled in London (c1562) and worked in London and Edinburgh. He ran a general printing and publishing business, and in 1570 he published an English edition of Lassus's Recueil du mellange. He also printed in 1575 the Cantiones sacrae of Tallis and Byrd (see Printing and publishing of music, fig.), the first work published under the terms of a music-printing monopoly granted to the two composers by Elizabeth I. Neither the quality of the music nor the high standard of the printing stopped the venture from being a failure and Vautrollier printed no more music under this licence, although he printed two psalm books in 1587, which were exempt from the monopoly. His type was almost certainly acquired from the Netherlands, and on his death his partbook fount passed to Thomas East. A street was named after Vautrollier in the Blackfriars district of the City of London....


Marysol Quevedo

(b Mayagüez, PR, March 9, 1952). Puerto Rican composer, concert producer, university professor, lecturer, and editor. Vázquez is one of the leading figures in electroacoustic music composition in Puerto Rico. He has also contributed to the symphonic, choral, chamber, and musical theater repertories. He studied at the University of Puerto Rico, and obtained the masters degree from the University of Pittsburgh in 1976. Vázquez has also studied composition at New York University and La Sorbonne in Paris, where he completed the doctorate. His composition professors include Rafael Aponte Ledée, Frank McCarty, and Bruce Saylor. Vázquez has been a professor and the director of the Electronic Music Lab at the University of Puerto Rico since 1978. He is also the founder of the National Association of Puerto Rican Composers. His works have been premiered and performed by diverse ensembles in Europe and America, and he has participated in several contemporary regional and international contemporary music festivals, such as the Latin American Music Festival of Caracas, and the International Electroacoustic Music Festival of Varadero, Cuba. In ...


Walther Lipphardt

revised by Clytus Gottwald

(b Biberach, nr Heilbronn, c1480; d Halle, April 1539). German monk and theologian . He entered the Dominican order about 1500 and was made prior of the monastery in Wimpfen. In 1506 he belonged to the monastery in Heidelberg, where he studied and took the doctorate of theology in 1513 and became regens in 1515. He represented the Catholics in all the important synods, conferences and Imperial Diets of the Reformation era. In 1520 Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg appointed him provost of the newly founded abbey church in Halle and made him Councillor for Religious Affairs and archdeacon, and chancellor of the new Halle University. In various writings from the period 1531–6 Vehe defended the Catholic doctrine against the reformers. In collaboration with the last Catholic mayor of Halle, Caspar Querhammer, the theologian Georg Witzel and the organists Johann Hoffman and Wolff Heintz, Vehe produced the first Catholic hymnbook with music, ...


(d Venice, 1619). Italian bookseller and music printer . He may have been of Spanish origin, since he signed some books ‘Vincenci’ when he started publishing in 1583 and for the next few years, and signed his edition of Guerrero’s Canciones y villanescas espirituales (1589) ‘en la emprenta de Iago Vincentio’; but in 1583 he also used the spelling ‘Vincenzi’, which was his usual form until 1588. Thereafter he used ‘Vincenti’.

Between 1583 and 1586 Vincenti printed, in partnership with Ricciardo Amadino, about 20 books a year, almost all musical editions. Vincenti seems to have been the more assertive partner; he signed several dedications of joint publications while Amadino signed none, and when they began to print separately in 1586, Vincenti kept the joint printer’s mark, a pine-cone. The separation was probably amicable, for they continued to use the same typefaces, type ornaments and decorative initials, and printed jointly a number of books on religion and philosophy (...


Michele Bowen Hustedt

(b Centerville, IA, Sept 17, 1912; d Iowa City, IA, Nov 22, 2011). American educator, administrator, scholar, and editor. He earned degrees from the University of Iowa in Chemical Engineering and Psychology of Music. Unable to find employment in science, he was hired as woodwind instructor (1939–54) and later director (1954–80) of the University of Iowa School of Music. As chairman of the Commission on Graduate Studies for the National Association of Schools of Music, he helped develop the Doctor of Musical Arts degree program. Under his leadership the UI School of Music became one of the first institutions to offer the program. He served as a member of the academic panel for cultural exchange projects for the United States Department of State and as vice-president of the National Association of College Wind and Percussion Instructors. He co-authored a series of instructional methods for wind instruments that have been widely used throughout the United States since ...