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Donna G. Cardamone

revised by James Haar

(b Monte San Giovanni Campano, nr Arpino, c1510; d after 1579). Italian composer, teacher, poet and theorist. He was active in Naples during the 1540s, though he seems never to have held a permanent post there. He was attached, perhaps informally, to the entourage of Giovanna d'Aragona: his madrigal volume of 1548 opens with dedicatory poems addressed to her and her sons Fabrizio and Marc'Antonio Colonna. He seems also to have had some connection with the short-lived Accademia dei Sereni (1546–8), composing a madrigal for a comedy staged there in 1548. At some point, perhaps in the 1550s, Cimello was in Rome in the service of Marc'Antonio Colonna. During that time he began a treatise on plainchant reform, and he had some dealings with Annibale Zoilo, to which he later alluded in a rambling letter to Cardinal Guglielmo Sirleto (in I-Rvat ). In the early 1570s he was in Benevento, teaching grammar and music at the local seminary and doing research on witchcraft in the area; he claimed to have written some collections of poetry (none are known to survive) including a poem called ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b Brooklyn, NY, Dec 24, 1945). American musicologist. She graduated from Brooklyn College, CUNY, with a BA in music in 1966. Her graduate studies were undertaken at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, where she studied with William S. Newman and received the MA (...

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Christiane Spieth-Weissenbacher

(b Paris, April 19, 1919; d 2010). French musicologist. He studied at the Sorbonne (1936–9, licence ès lettres 1938, agrégation 1946, doctorat ès lettres 1961). Most of his career has been devoted to teaching, in secondary education (1942–57) and then in higher education, in the faculty of arts at Clermont-Ferrand (...

Article

(b Liebeshain?, near Chicago, Dec 23, 1858; d Zurich, Jan 27, 1917). American pianist, pedagogue, inventor, philosopher, theologian, and physiologist, mostly active in Germany. He was, according to Rudolf Breithaupt’s Die natürliche Klaviertechnik (3/1912), the “founder of the physiological school, and especially the shoulder mechanics” and offered “the oldest scientific explanation of the modern psycho-physiological method [of piano playing].” In ...

Article

Gerard Béhague

(b Santiago de Chile, July 31, 1934; d Santiago, Oct 10, 1994). Chilean musicologist. He studied composition and musicology at the University of Chile under Alfonso Letelier and Juan Orrego-Salas (taking the licentiate in 1960 with Acústica y sonido musical), and privately under Lucila Césped; he also studied musicology under Lang, Edward Lippman and Ernest Sanders at Columbia University (MA ...

Article

(b Wendelstein, Jan 10, 1479; d Breslau, Jan 10, 1552). German theologian, historian, humanist, music theorist and pedagogue. After studies with Heinrich Grieninger in Nuremberg, Cochlaeus entered the University of Cologne in 1504. A year later he had already gained the baccalaureate degree and in 1507 the MA. During these years his first treatise, Musica, was printed in three editions. He also became the music teacher of Heinrich Glarean, who, greatly admiring him, later included in his Dodecachordon three pedagogical compositions from his Musica. In 1510 on the recommendation of Willibald Pirckheimer, he became the rector of St Lorenz school in Nuremberg. There he organized a humanistically orientated curriculum and wrote the Tetrachordum musices (1511), his most valuable music treatise. In 1517 he earned a doctorate in theology at Ferrara and was ordained to the priesthood in Rome. In succeeding years he acquired a reputation as a fierce and unremitting opponent of Lutheranism and Calvinism. In an encounter with Luther at Worms in ...

Article

Argia Bertini and Giulia Anna Romana Veneziano

(b Florence, July 8, 1638; d Florence, Jan 16, 1703). Italian composer, teacher, music editor, theorist, organist and singer. He spent his entire life as a priest in Florence. On 1 August 1663 he was appointed chaplain at the cathedral, S Maria del Fiore, where he was also active as an organist and singer. He was particularly admired as a teacher, and it was this above all that determined the nature of his publications; the numerous reprints particularly of ...

Article

Sally K. Sommers Smith Wells

(b New York, NY, Dec 13, 1936). American Folklorist and musicologist. Trained as a physical chemist, he is one of the foremost scholars of American traditional-music history, practice, and recording. In addition to holding faculty positions in chemistry at two undergraduate institutions in Portland, Oregon, he has taught undergraduate courses in folk song, bluegrass, country, and Jewish music in Portland and at UCLA. Cohen is perhaps best known for his long association with the John Edwards Memorial Foundation (now John Edwards Memorial Forum; JEMF). He served as the editor or co-editor of the ...

Article

(b Ipswich, June 13, 1870; d Bromsgrove, Jan 19, 1941). English organist and music scholar. He was a Gilstrap scholar at the RCM, where he was taught the organ by Walter Parratt (1888–93; FRCO 1892, ARCM 1893) and then studied music at New College, Oxford (...

Article

Viorel Cosma

(b Ploieşti, Feb 28, 1913; d Bucharest, April 18, 2010). Romanian ethnomusicologist. She studied with Alessandrescu, Brăiloiu, Breazul and Chirescu at the Bucharest Conservatory (1933–7), and in the sociology faculty of Bucharest University (1942–3). She was a research worker at the Arhiva de Folclor (...

Article

Albert Dunning

(b Zeist, June 16, 1890; d Budel, Sept 1, 1974). Dutch music teacher and musicologist. He took lessons in singing, the violin and keyboard instruments; later, as a teacher, he studied the piano with Dirk Schäfer and theory with Johann Wagenaar. As a headmaster in The Hague he was concerned with the problems of musical education and music for young people; this brought him into contact with Fritz Jöde and other like-minded music teachers abroad. His activities as a music educationist include the founding of a society for folk music and folkdancing (...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b London, Jan 28, 1916; d London, April 27, 2001). English ethnomusicologist and composer. After reading medicine at Oxford, he studied composition at the RCM (1937–9) with Ireland (who had earlier given him private lessons) and returned to Oxford to take the BMus (...

Article

Vera Lampert

(b Tapolcafő, Sept 30, 1902; d Budapest, Nov 20, 1988). Hungarian musicologist. He studied theology at Pápa, Hungary (1920–22), and at Dayton, Ohio (1922–4, BD 1924), before reading music and philology at Budapest University (1925–8). He was professor of church music and hymnody in the Budapest Reformed Theological Faculty (...

Article

Stanley Sadie

(b Cambridge, Oct 30, 1908; d Cambridge, Dec 26, 1977). English writer on music. Largely self-taught, he worked in various university departments and libraries from 1930; his musical studies were particularly encouraged by E.J. Dent. He was appointed assistant in the music section of the University Library, Cambridge, in ...

Article

Bojan Bujic and Jernej Weiss

(b Vučja vas, nr Ljutomer, Slovenia, Sept 19, 1911; d Ljubljana, Slovenia, Sept 2, 1993). Slovenian musicologist. He attended the State Male Teachers Training College in Maribor (1927–32), and studied education science and psychology at the Faculty of Arts, University of Ljubljana (...

Article

Stephan D. Lindeman and George Barth

(b Vienna, Feb 21, 1791; d Vienna, July 15, 1857). Austrian piano teacher, composer, pianist, theorist and historian. As the pre-eminent pupil of Beethoven and the teacher of many important pupils, including Liszt, Czerny was a central figure in the transmission of Beethoven's legacy. Many of his technical exercises remain an essential part of nearly every pianist's training, but most of his compositions – in nearly every genre, sacred and secular, with opus numbers totalling 861, and an even greater number of works published without opus – are largely forgotten. A large number of theoretical works are of great importance for the insight they offer into contemporary musical genres and performance practice....

Article

(b London, June 29, 1895; d Woking, March 3, 1984). English musicologist, composer and pianist. Her music studies were pursued privately with York Bowen and Fanny Davies for piano and with Benjamin Dale (whom she later married) for composition. Active as a pianist in the early part of her career, she broadcast frequently during the period ...

Article

Era Barutcheva

(b Krasnodar, Sept 27, 1931). Russian musicologist. She studied under Druskin at the Leningrad Conservatory (advanced diploma 1955), and took a postgraduate course with Gozenpud at the Institute of Theatre, Music and Cinematography (1957–60). She was a lecturer at the College of Musical Education (...

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Igor′ Bėlza and Lyudmila Korabel′nikova

(b Shuya, Vladimir province, 12/June 25, 1912; d Moscow, Sept 1, 1980). Soviet musicologist and teacher. After graduating from the Moscow Conservatory in 1936, he continued his studies as a postgraduate and took the Kandidat degree in 1939 with a dissertation on Tchaikovsky’s symphonies. While teaching music history at the Moscow Institute for Military Conductors (...

Article

Gerard Béhague

(b Santiago, May 16, 1932). Chilean ethnomusicologist and folklorist. At the University of Chile he studied philosophy, specializing in Romance languages and Spanish education (1958–65); he also studied ethnomusicology and folklore privately with Carlos Lavín. He has held positions as professor of folklore at the Catholic University (...