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Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

End-blown one-piece wooden trumpet of the Mamvu people of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

J.S. Laurenty: Systématique des aerophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 337.

Article

Balingi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Log xylophone of the Uele region, Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has seven or eight bars set across two logs, usually banana trunks, sometimes placed over a pit for resonance. Among the Lika, Zande, and Budu peoples the bars are separated by pegs driven into the logs; the Ngbandi and Sango drive the pegs through holes in the bars. Tuning is done by scraping the underside of each bar. According to the pitch, the bars are designated as ...

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Side-blown ivory trumpet of the Lengola people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a plain oval embouchure and a fingerhole in the tip.

J.S. Laurenty: Systématique des aerophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 389.

Article

Balo  

K.A. Gourlay and Lucy Durán

A gourd-resonated frame Xylophone of the Manding peoples of West Africa, found in the Gambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali and northern Côte d’Ivoire. Possibly the earliest reference to the instrument is that of Ibn Baṭṭūṭa, who visited the court of Mali in 1352 and saw an instrument ‘made from reeds, and provided with gourds below them’. In ...

Article

Bambam  

Double-headed cylindrical drum of the Lobi people of Burkina Faso. It has laced heads, one of which is struck by the hand while a stick is used to strike the body. The bambam is played with the elong xylophone in funeral music for respected farmers....

Article

Bambaro  

Jeremy Montagu

Metal jew’s harp of European pattern played by young men of the Songhay in Niger and the Zamfara Hausa in Nigeria. It has become a part of the local instrumentarium, replacing the indigenous bamboo zagada. Children still make substitutes from halved guinea-corn stalks, loosening a strip of cortex as the tongue and digging out a segment of the pith as a small resonating chamber....

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Lamellaphone of the Mabadi and Bandia peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has five to 12 wooden tongues and a trough-shaped bark resonator. Similar instruments are the Mangbele marombe, Mbuja ekwongolia, and Zande modeku.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi...

Article

Bandiri  

Set of two or more single-headed frame drums, with or without circular metal jingles, and a kettledrum used by members of the k’adiriyya Islamic sect of northern Nigeria. It accompanies the zikiri (creed formula by which a person acknowledges that he is a Muslim). The frame drum is held in the left hand and beaten with the fingers of the right....

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Trough xylophone of the Ngbaka people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has 10 to 12 bars. Similar instruments are the Bangubangu malimba, Ngbandi gombi, and Mbanja mandjanga.

See Manza .

Article

Bangali  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Side-blown ivory horn of the Barambo people in the Uele region, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a rectangular embouchure and a fingerhole in the tip.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1960), 178.

Article

Bangia  

Lyre of the Berta people of southeastern Sudan. It has a wooden bowl resonator, a soundtable of hide into which two soundholes are cut, and a small wooden bridge. The five strings, formerly made of gut, are nowadays made of steel. Each string is fastened to a strip of cloth wound around the yoke and can be tuned by twisting the cloth. The ...

Article

Bangili  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Side-blown ivory horn of the Sere people of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a carved lozenge- or diamond-shaped mouthpiece and a fingerhole in the tip.

J.-S. Laurenty: La systématique des aérophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 352, 372, 382.

Article

Bangwe  

Andrew Tracey

Board zither of southeastern Africa made of a flat board or of a raft of papyrus stalks. Its single wire or fibre string is stretched from end to end through holes in the body of the instrument (normally seven times, but nine to 12 among the Sena, Manganja, and Barwe peoples of central Mozambique). Rough tuning is effected by friction tensioning each segment, fine tuning by moving the small bridges under each string at the player’s end. In northern Mozambique and Malawi the player usually strums all the pentatonically tuned strings with the right index finger while damping with the left fingers those notes that are not required to sound, an ancient technique used on many lyres and zithers. The ...

Article

Banja  

Pair of concussion sticks played by the Mbuti people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Bankiya  

Drum of the Mbelo and Kongo peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

O. Boone: Les tambours du Congo belge et due Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1951), 61.

Article

Banzie  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Zither of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The name banzie is used by the Zande people, banzu by the Mangbetu and Bwa. It has a box resonator of bark and 9 to 13 liana strings.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi...

Article

Bappe  

Five-string plucked half-spiked lute of Senegal and Gambia. It has a boat-shaped soundbox and is similar to the xalam.

See also Xalam .

Article

Tensioned double-headed hourglass drum of the Bariba people of Benin. It is held under the arm and used with a cylindrical drum to accompany dance music for state occasions. The name bara karanku is presumably cognate with the Hausa kalangu.

See also Kalangu.

Article

Baranga  

Bullroarer of the Vere people of Nigeria traditionally used in the Do Tibas cult, particularly for rain-making rites.

Article

Barba  

Single-headed kettledrum of the Dogon people of Mali. Made from an almost spherical calabash, it is beaten with the flat of the hands; it is used with other drums during the sowing festival and at funeral rites.