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I.M. Yampol′sky

revised by José A. Bowen

(Borisovich)

(b Krasnodarsk, Oct 1, 1924; d Basel, Switzerland, Nov 2, 2010). Russian viola player and conductor. He studied the violin with Lev Zeitlin and the viola with Borisovsky at the Moscow Conservatory, and began his career in 1946 as an ensemble and solo player, gaining a high reputation and founding the Philharmonic Quartet of Moscow (now the Borodin Quartet) in which he played the viola. He then played in the even more outstanding Tchaikovsky Quartet led by Yulian Sitkovetsky, and took part in some of Leonid Kogan's all-star chamber ensembles. He also studied conducting with Ilya Musin in Leningrad. In 1955 he formed and conducted the Moscow Chamber Orchestra, whose programmes of Classical and contemporary music for small orchestra marked a new development in concerts in the USSR. Under his direction the orchestra became an outstanding ensemble, and toured widely abroad, first appearing in Britain in 1962; their first records in the West were issued in the same year. Barshay’s performances were much admired for the exemplary unity of attack and phrasing and the sweetness of tone in the ensemble, but less so for his exaggerated range of dynamics. An outstanding recorded Mozart symphony cycle, the first to observe all the repeats, was free of this fault. A Beethoven cycle was marginally less successful. In ...

Article

Gaynor G. Jones

revised by Christopher Fifield

(b Grosswanzleben, Saxony, June 5, 1850; d Magdeburg, Dec 25, 1923). German violinist, conductor and composer. He began his violin studies in 1856 with Franz Beck and continued with Joachim in Hanover (1863–7). A childhood accident forced him to bow left-handed. He had a series of appointments as leader of string quartets or orchestras in Münster at J.O. Grimm's invitation (1867), Krefeld (1882) and Marburg, where he was also music director of the university (1887–94). At Marburg he joined the close circle of friends around Brahms, of whom he wrote a two-volume biography. He moved to Hamburg in 1895 as Vernuth's successor to direct the Philharmonic Concerts as well as the Singakademie and, from 1908, the Hamburg Conservatory. Until 1913 he toured frequently with the Hamburg Lehrergesangverein. He appeared at St James's Hall in London on 4 June 1896, playing Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata and in Brahms's Piano Trio op.87. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from Marburg University in ...

Article

Randolph Love

(b Edgard, LA, Dec 24, 1920). American Trumpeter, arranger, producer, songwriter, bandleader, and singer. He started his career as a trumpeter playing with established bands led by, among others, Papa Celestin, Joe Robichaux, and Claiborne Williams before joining Fats Pichon’s ensemble, considered one of the top groups in New Orleans, in 1939. During World War II he played in the 196th AGF (Army Ground Forces) Band, where he met Abraham Malone, who taught him how to write and arrange. After the war, he formed his own band in New Orleans, which made its debut at the Dew Drop Inn and later performed at Sam Simoneaux’s club Graystone where many of the city’s top instrumental players, including the drummer Earl Palmer and the saxophonists Lee Allen and Red Tyler, were showcased.

Bartholomew is best known for his talents as an arranger and songwriter. In the 1950s and 60s he worked with many of the biggest stars of the day, including Smiley Lewis, Lloyd Price, Shirley and Lee, and Joe Turner. By the 1970s he had associations with some of rock and roll’s most established talents, including Paul McCartney, Elton John, and the Rolling Stones. His most productive association was with fats Domino, whom he met through Lew Chudd, the owner of Imperial Records, where he worked as a house arranger, an A&R man and an in-house bandleader. From ...

Article

Michael Fitzgerald

(Lee)

(b Baltimore, MD, Sept 26, 1940). American jazz alto and soprano saxophonist, bandleader, composer, and vocalist. He began playing in Baltimore, where his father owned the well-known club the North End Lounge. He attended the Juilliard School between 1957 and 1958 and then studied at the Peabody Conservatory. After moving to New York he worked with Charles Mingus (1962–4) and Max Roach (1964 and 1968–9, when he traveled to Europe and the Middle East). He also performed and recorded with Art Blakey’s Jazz Messengers (1965–6) and Miles Davis (1970–71). Between 1969 and 1974 Bartz led his own ensemble, Ntu Troop, which recorded six albums blending African music and funk with jazz. In the late 1970s and 1980s, he worked occasionally with Woody Shaw’s group as well as with McCoy Tyner. After playing with Kenny Barron (1990s), Bartz was a member of the ensemble Sphere (...

Article

Adriano Mazzoletti

(b Genoa, Italy, May 15, 1902). Italian violinist, pianist, bandleader, arranger, and composer. In Genoa he studied violin and composition and played banjo for a brief period in an orchestra. He was the leader and an arranger for the group Blue Star (to 1931), of which Sid Phillips was a member, and the orchestra Cetra (from ...

Article

Wolfram Knauer

[Bill; William]

(b Red Bank, NJ, Aug 21, 1904; d Hollywood, CA, April 26, 1984). American jazz pianist and bandleader. After taking piano lessons as a child, he was soon playing ragtime and show tunes at local dance events and performing for silent movies. In 1924 he worked with the singer and dancer Katy Krippen with whom he also toured. In the mid-1920s he met Fats Waller, who introduced him to the sound of the pipe organ, after which he was always fascinated by the instrument. He played in several bands in New York and in 1926 he embarked on a tour with Gonzelle White, during which he heard Walter Page’s band, the Blue Devils, in the Midwest. Basie left White’s group in Kansas City, worked as a silent movie organist, and was active on the city’s lively music scene. He heard many of the so-called territory bands, played for a while with Page’s Blue Devils, and then became a member of the Bennie Moten Orchestra, first as an arranger and then as a pianist....

Article

Charles Barber

(b Mexico City, May 4, 1942). Mexican conductor and pianist. He began piano studies in 1950 with Francisco Agea, and continued from 1960 with György Sandor. Bátiz attended the Southern Methodist University in Dallas, but in 1962 moved to the Juilliard School of Music for piano studies with Adele Marcus, graduating there in 1965. In the same year he was a semi-finalist in the Marguerite Long Piano Competition. He then moved to Poland where from 1967 to 1970 he studied the piano with Zbigniew Drzewiecke and conducting with Stanisław Wisłocki. In 1969 he made his conducting début with the Orquesta Sinfónica de Xalapa in Mexico. Two years later he made his most important contribution to Mexican music, the founding of the Orquesta Sinfónica Nacional de Mexico, an ensemble he conducted until 1983, and again from 1990. He also served (1983–9) as music director of the Mexico City PO, and from ...

Article

Rudolf Lück

(b Zürich, Sept 14, 1917; d March 22, 2002). Swiss violinist, conductor and teacher. He studied music at Zürich University and under Stefi Geyer and Paul Müller at the conservatory there, and continued his violin studies in Paris with Flesch and in Vienna with Schneiderhan. He then embarked on a concert career that took him to most European countries as a soloist, and in chamber music as a member of the Stefi Geyer Quartet and later of the Zürich String Trio and the Zürich Chamber Trio. He was also leader of various chamber orchestras. In 1956, with Schneiderhan, he founded the Lucerne Festival Strings, an ensemble of soloists which he continued to direct. With it he toured widely and made numerous successful recordings, many in association with leading soloists, including Fournier, Haskil, Holliger and David Oistrakh. He made arrangements for the ensemble of Bach's Art of Fugue and ...

Article

Rainer E. Lotz

[Funny ]

(b Breslau, Germany, Sept 27, 1912; d Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Oct 7, 1945). German alto saxophonist, clarinetist, and bandleader. He studied violin, piano, and saxophone at Breslau (1927–31). After working locally from 1929, he joined José Wolff’s orchestra in Berlin around 1931 and then James Kok’s Jazz Virtuosen in 1934. When Kok had to leave Germany in 1935, his sidemen elected Bauschke as their new leader. The band toured the German provinces and Baltic sea resorts and held long residencies at the Berlin Moka Efti (1936–9). From 1936 Bauschke’s dance orchestra recorded prolifically for the Grammophon label, including hot numbers in defiance of the Nazi ideology. When his musicians were drafted, Bauschke was forced to disband in 1940, but he recorded occasionally with studio orchestras until 1941. After his release from an American prisoner of war camp he directed a group in US Army clubs in the Frankfurt area until his death in an automobile accident. Although not a prominent hot soloist (his clarinet may be heard on ...

Article

Robert Pernet

[Bayetz, Frans ]

(b Rijkevorsel, Belgium, 1914). Belgian trombonist, multi-instrumentalist, and bandleader. In 1936 in Germany he formed an association with the violinist Paul Godwin, which continued intermittently until World War II. He worked in Belgium at Lionel’s Club and played and recorded in the Netherlands with Dick Willebrandts (1943) and the Dutch group the Ramblers (1945–6). In the mid-1940s he was a founding member of the Skymasters, and in 1948 he formed a band with Boyd Bachmann, which worked in Switzerland, Sweden, and Belgium. His own big band, formed in Belgium in the 1950s, later became the dance orchestra of Belgian radio and television. Bay was said to have made numerous recordings as a leader (1958–61, 1971), many of them for the American market in connection with the Brussels World’s Fair of 1958, but a considerable number of these have proved to be from sessions led by Maxwell Davis for the American Crown label and reissued under Bay’s name on the Mecca label in Belgium; the precise details of this situation are still a matter for research, but certainly the album ...