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August Corbet

revised by Corneel Mertens and Diana von Volborth-Danys

(b Antwerp, Sept 12, 1876; d Antwerp, Oct 5, 1954). Belgian composer and conductor. He studied in Antwerp at the Flemish Music School (later called the Royal Flemish Conservatory) under Peter Benoit and Jan Blockx, and conducting under Eduard Keurvels. In 1903 he became professor at the Conservatory, and was director of that institution from 1934 to 1941, when he retired. He was also active as an orchestral and operatic conductor, and was a member of the Académie Royale de Belgique.

Alpaerts was one of the outstanding personalities in Flemish musical life, both as conductor and composer; he was also a great teacher and an admirable organizer. As a composer he was, like Paul Gilson and August de Boeck, a typical Flemish representative of the Impressionist school. However, his Impressionism came closer to Richard Strauss and Respighi than to Debussy. An example of this tendency is the symphonic poem ...

Article

Terence J. O’Grady

revised by Bryan Proksch

(b Los Angeles, CA, March 31, 1935). American trumpeter, composer, bandleader, and record company executive. He studied trumpet as a child and left college to play in the army for a two-year period. After three years of producing records on his own, he launched A&M Records with Jerry Moss in 1962. A&M’s first issue was also Alpert’s first recording as a trumpeter and bandleader, The Lonely Bull (A&M, 1962). The title track included sounds from the bullring in Tijuana, Mexico, so Alpert dubbed his band the Tijuana Brass. His music exploited a distinctive combination of Mexican mariachi-style brass with jazz rhythms, which was dubbed Ameriachi. A string of hits including “Mexican Shuffle” (A&M, 1964) and “Tijuana Taxi” (A&M, 1965) followed. In 1966 Alpert had five recordings simultaneously listed on the Billboard Top 20. His cover of “This guy’s in love with you” reached no.1 in ...

Article

Richard Wigmore

( b New York, Oct 16, 1956). American conductor . She learned the violin as a child, read music at Yale University and took a masters degree at the Juilliard School. In 1984 she founded her own 50-piece orchestra, Concordia, specializing in 20th-century American music, including jazz. In 1989 she won both the Koussevitzky Conducting Prize at Tanglewood, where she studied with Bernstein and Ozawa, and the Stokowski International Conducting Competition in New York. Alsop was appointed music director of the Colorado SO in 1993, the year of her European début at the Schleswig-Holstein Festival. In 1999 she became principal guest conductor of the City of London Sinfonia and of the Royal Scottish National Orchestra. She has appeared with most of the major American orchestras and with European orchestras including the BBC SO, LSO, LPO, Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, Berlin RSO and the Orchestre de Paris. Although she has been praised for her taut, cogent performances of the 19th-century Austro-German repertoire (especially Beethoven and Brahms), Alsop is most closely associated with modern American music, and has made acclaimed recordings of works by Barber (in a projected complete cycle of his orchestral works for Naxos), Gershwin (the first-ever disc of the early opera ...

Article

Raoul F. Camus

(b Centre Township, nr Reading, PA, May 26, 1853; d Reading, Oct 12, 1924). American conductor and composer. After playing violin and, later, trombone in local organizations, he decided on a musical career and left Reading, touring with various bands, one of which accompanied Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. In 1872 he returned to Reading, worked in a hat factory, and played with local bands and orchestras. In 1886 he organized a ten-piece pit orchestra at the Reading Academy of Music, later renamed the Rajah Theater; for the next 20 years this ensemble accompanied all the legitimate theatrical productions there. He revived the Germania Orchestra, and in 1887 organized the Germania Band, which achieved some popularity and an excellent reputation. He assumed leadership of the Ringgold Band of Reading on the death of its bandmaster in 1900. The Germania Band was then effectively dissolved, its members joining the Ringgold Band; under Althouse’s direction (until ...

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Article

T. Dennis Brown

revised by Barry Kernfeld

[Viniello, Daniel Alvin ]

(b New York, Nov 29, 1902; d Chicago, Dec 6, 1958). American drummer and bandleader. He began playing professionally in New York with a white vaudeville singer known as Aunt Jemima (1918) and recorded there with Sophie Tucker (1919–22). His jazz career centered on Chicago, where he performed with Jules Buffano (1922), Charlie Straight, Elmer Schoebel, and Frankie Quartell (with whom he recorded in 1924); he later worked in commercial bands and briefly as a bandleader before joining Art Hodes (1933). In 1936 he returned to New York to work with musicians who were profiting by the revival of interest in dixieland. As a member of a small group led by Wingy Manone he recorded regularly in 1937–8 and again in January 1940; he also recorded with Joe Marsala (1937) and Bud Freeman’s Summa cum Laude Orchestra (...

Article

Achilleus Chaldaiakis

(b Herakleion, Crete, 1946). Greek musicologist and conductor. He studied Byzantine music at the Greek Conservatory and Theology at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, after which he received a scholarship from the Foundation of National Scholarships (IKY) and continued postgraduate studies in England. He served as professor of Byzantine chant and musicology at the University of Macedonia in Thessaloniki. His doctoral dissertation focused on Byzantine chant and was the first of its kind among Greek university dissertations. He has published several historical, theoretical, and hymnological papers, covering both Byzantine and post-Byzantine music, as well as material for a course on liturgical studies at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. He has served as academic supervisor for many university research programmes specializing in Byzantine music, and his research has resulted in the organization of special photographic and musical archives. He is conductor and founder of the Byzantine University Choir, established in ...

Article

Paolo Emilio Carapezza and Giuseppe Collisani

(b Ciminna, nr Palermo, Jan 5, 1629; d Palermo, July 29, 1670). Italian composer. His family were connected with the princely houses of Ventimiglia and Gambacurta. His younger brother Paolo, author of Teatro marmoreo della marina (Palermo, 1682), was one of the greatest Italian architects. His sister or cousin Eleonora was the mother of Alessandro Scarlatti; deputizing for the parish priest of S Antonio Abate, Palermo, Amato personally baptized her daughters. He spent his life at Palermo. Entering the Seminario dei Chierici in adolescence, he obtained a degree in theology and took holy orders. From 1652 he directed music at the church of S Maria del Carmine and from 1665 until his death he was maestro di cappella at the cathedral. He was commissioned by S Maria del Carmine to compose two Passions (one according to St Matthew, the other according to St John). These are not oratorio Passions but liturgical works; recitatives and ...

Article

Denise Launay

revised by James R. Anthony

(b Burgundy, late 16th century; d Rouen, July 6, 1637). French composer. All that is known of his life is that in 1626 he was procureur of the Compagnie de Jésus at Rouen. He left only musical works, from which we may infer that he was director of music of one of the colleges of his order. His Octonarium sacrum (1634) is a set of five-part verses for the Magnificat, using all eight tones; they are fugal and closely resemble similar pieces by Formé. Two years later he published his Harmonia sacra in two complementary volumes for four and six voices respectively. It includes works for double choir in a distinctly modern style originating in Italy that had already been adopted in France by several composers, Du Caurroy and Le Jeune notable among them; each volume also contains several masses and motets for a single choir. The double-choir works are for liturgical use and comprise psalms, motets and hymns. In his preface d'Ambleville states that they may be performed according to the forces available, for example by two groups – one of four soloists, the other a six-part chorus – by a soprano and bass duet from each choir or by a solo soprano, the missing voices being replaced by instruments or, failing them, by organ alone. He normally wrote either in fauxbourdon style (which he also called ‘musica simplex’) or contrapuntally, including fugal textures (‘musica figurata’), which he handled skilfully. Apart from these Latin works he was also, according to Gastoué (p.264), the composer of the music published in ...

Article

Digby Fairweather

revised by Alyn Shipton

(b London, Sept 15, 1896; d Leeds, June 12, 1971). English dance bandleader and violinist. His family emigrated when he was a youth to the USA, and he later worked in New York as the music director at the Club de Vingt (1917–20) and Clover Gardens (1922), in addition to making several recordings for Columbia (1923). However, from the 1920s he was active almost exclusively in London, where he was the music director at the Embassy Club (1920–26) and the Mayfair Hotel (1927–33). From 1927 his band regularly included American musicians, such as Sylvester Ahola, Danny Polo and the singer Sam Browne, and from the same year it performed regularly at the London Palladium and made several recordings. In 1928 the BBC began to broadcast a fortnightly programme from the Mayfair Hotel, and by autumn the following year Ambrose had become a national figure. In ...