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Article

Bandiri  

Set of two or more single-headed frame drums, with or without circular metal jingles, and a kettledrum used by members of the k’adiriyya Islamic sect of northern Nigeria. It accompanies the zikiri (creed formula by which a person acknowledges that he is a Muslim). The frame drum is held in the left hand and beaten with the fingers of the right....

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Trough xylophone of the Ngbaka people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has 10 to 12 bars. Similar instruments are the Bangubangu malimba, Ngbandi gombi, and Mbanja mandjanga.

See Manza .

Article

Bangali  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Side-blown ivory horn of the Barambo people in the Uele region, the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a rectangular embouchure and a fingerhole in the tip.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1960), 178.

Article

Bangia  

Lyre of the Berta people of southeastern Sudan. It has a wooden bowl resonator, a soundtable of hide into which two soundholes are cut, and a small wooden bridge. The five strings, formerly made of gut, are nowadays made of steel. Each string is fastened to a strip of cloth wound around the yoke and can be tuned by twisting the cloth. The ...

Article

Bangili  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Side-blown ivory horn of the Sere people of the northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It has a carved lozenge- or diamond-shaped mouthpiece and a fingerhole in the tip.

J.-S. Laurenty: La systématique des aérophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 352, 372, 382.

Article

Bangwe  

Andrew Tracey

Board zither of southeastern Africa made of a flat board or of a raft of papyrus stalks. Its single wire or fibre string is stretched from end to end through holes in the body of the instrument (normally seven times, but nine to 12 among the Sena, Manganja, and Barwe peoples of central Mozambique). Rough tuning is effected by friction tensioning each segment, fine tuning by moving the small bridges under each string at the player’s end. In northern Mozambique and Malawi the player usually strums all the pentatonically tuned strings with the right index finger while damping with the left fingers those notes that are not required to sound, an ancient technique used on many lyres and zithers. The ...

Article

Banja  

Pair of concussion sticks played by the Mbuti people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

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Bankiya  

Drum of the Mbelo and Kongo peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

O. Boone: Les tambours du Congo belge et due Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1951), 61.

Article

Daniel Avorgbedor

(b Lagos, 1935; d Lagos, Nov 6, 1976). Nigerian composer. His parents, both music teachers, and the composers Fela Sowande and T.K. Ekundayo Phillips were his early musical influences. He pursued formal studies in composition, the organ and the piano at the GSM (...

Article

Banzie  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Zither of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The name banzie is used by the Zande people, banzu by the Mangbetu and Bwa. It has a box resonator of bark and 9 to 13 liana strings.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi...

Article

Bappe  

Five-string plucked half-spiked lute of Senegal and Gambia. It has a boat-shaped soundbox and is similar to the xalam.

See also Xalam .

Article

Tensioned double-headed hourglass drum of the Bariba people of Benin. It is held under the arm and used with a cylindrical drum to accompany dance music for state occasions. The name bara karanku is presumably cognate with the Hausa kalangu.

See also Kalangu.

Article

Baranga  

Bullroarer of the Vere people of Nigeria traditionally used in the Do Tibas cult, particularly for rain-making rites.

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Barba  

Single-headed kettledrum of the Dogon people of Mali. Made from an almost spherical calabash, it is beaten with the flat of the hands; it is used with other drums during the sowing festival and at funeral rites.

Article

Oliver Brockway

(b Algiers, April 1, 1924; d Paris, Sept 30, 2006). French horn player. He studied with his father in Algeria and with Jean Devémy at the Paris Conservatoire. In 1948 he joined the Orchestre National, and in 1951 won first prize in the international competition in Geneva. He was principal horn for the Concerts Lamoureux and in ...

Article

Baruma  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Notched flute of the Pygmies of the Epulu region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is end-blown and has three fingerholes.

J.S. Laurenty: Systématique des aerophones de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, 1974), 279–80.

Article

Basoko  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Large cylindrical wooden slit drum of the Bango people of the north-central Democratic Republic of the Congo.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1960), 57.

Article

John M. Schechter and Amanda Villepastour

Drum of the Ẹ̀cgbá Yorùbá people of Nigeria. It is constructed from two large gourds strung together (koto is a Yorùbá word for ‘deep gourd’). One end is then cut open and covered with a skin head. The bàtá koto ensemble consists of the ...

Article

Batta  

K.A. Gourlay

Term used by the Gunga and Duka peoples of northwestern Nigeria for a calabash drum. The Duka drum is also known as kworria. The Gunga batta is almost spherical and measures about 55 cm in diameter. The goatskin head, about 25 cm in diameter, has a large piece of tuning wax. Metal jingles are attached to the lacing. The drum is beaten by hand and is usually played with the smaller stick-beaten ...

Article

Bavugu  

Gerhad Kubik

Stamped aerophone of the Khoisan and !Kung people of South Africa and Angola. Three gourds of the Strychnos spinosa plant, open at both ends, are fastened end to end with black wax to form a tube. The bavugu is stamped on the player’s left thigh and the upper end is either hit with the right hand or covered more or less with it to change the pitch....