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Bene  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Beng  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Benta  

K.A. Gourlay

revised by Gavin Webb

Mouth bow of the Asante (Ashanti) and Akan people of Ghana. The instrument was first noted by Bowdich in 1817 and described as a stick bent in the form of a bow with a thin piece of split cane fastened across it as a string. This was held between the lips at one end and the string struck with a small stick whilst being stopped by a thick stick, the mouth acting as a resonator....

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Bentere  

Gavin Webb

[mpintin, pentre]

Calabash kettledrum of northern Ghana whose use has spread to southern areas, including the Akan. The head is tensioned with rawhide thongs tied to a ring at the bottom of the shell. Players either sit or stand with the drum suspended from a strap around the neck and beat the drum by hand....

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Béré  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Beru  

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Betene  

Monique Brandily

Side-blown horn of the Kotoko people of central Chad and northern Cameroon. The horn is either from a bubal antelope or a damalisk (both types of hartebeest antelope); a rectangular mouthhole is cut in the side. A cowhorn bell is glued on with beeswax and then tied to the instrument. A little calabash lid, hanging from the horn on a cord, closes the bell to protect the inside when it is not being played. A feather is used to clean the mouthhole when the playing is interrupted. ...

Article

Bi  

K.A. Gourlay

[bin]

Root term in the Benue-Congo language group for double-headed cylindrical drums found in the Jos Plateau and adjoining areas of Nigeria. The term bi is used by the Jaba people, bin by the Katav, Kagoro, Morwa, and Pyem, biyin by the Kaje, bing by the Birom, and ibin and ingonbin by the Jarawa people. In the Ada-mawa language group to the east the ‘b’ becomes ‘v’; hence the Waka vi, Kumba and Teme vim, Yendang vin, and Kugama and Gengle avim. All drums are of the ganga type, with cord and lace bracing, though not all have snares. The most common use is in pairs of larger and smaller drums, for example the Kagoro badang bin (‘large drum’) and shishio bin (‘small drum’), which are played as a rhythmic accompaniment to horn or flute ensembles for singing and dancing. An exception is the bi of the Irigwe of the Jos Plateau, a tall, open, single-headed drum, played standing with hands or sticks, and used as the solo instrument for paeans of praise for traditional warriors and slayers of wild animals....

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Bili  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Double-headed drum of the Logo people of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The wooden body is tall and slightly conical. The antelope-skin heads are tied together with leather thongs and beaten with sticks. It is played with other drums, but never with the larimva.

G. Knosp: Enquête sur la vie musicale au Congo belge...

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Bilil  

Monique Brandily

End-blown idioglot clarinet of northern Chad. The tube is made from reed, and the number of fingerholes varies according to the area—four in Tibesti and five or six in Kanem. The length varies between 20 and 25 cm. The reed is cut in the side of the tube close to the top. The instrument takes its name from a piece of repertory of the double clarinet ...

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Bilim  

Double-headed cylindrical drum with laced heads, of the Mundang people of Chad. The drum is placed on the ground and each head is beaten by one hand of the drummer. The drum has been recorded providing rhythmic accompaniment with an end-blown trumpet and gourd vessel rattle for a women’s dance at the funeral ceremony of a woman healer....

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Bimbi  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Binga  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Bisa  

Raft zither of the Nupe people of Nigeria. It is constructed and played in the same manner as the Birom yomkwo, a raft of reeds sharing a wooden bridge at each end to support the 18 idiochord strings, which are arranged in groups of two and three tuned an octave apart. Sometimes a woven container at the back contains rattling seeds or small pebbles. The instrument originally had a ritual function but is now used mainly for entertainment in accompanying song. (S.F. Nadel: ‘Gunnu: a Fertility Cult of the Nupe in Northern Nigeria’, ...

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Bisanji  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

[tshisaandji]

Lamellaphone of the Luluwa people of the south-western Democratic Republic of the Congo. The resonator, usually rectangular, can be made of hard wood with a variable number of metal tongues or of very soft wood with bamboo tongues.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi...

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Bizitu  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Set of whistles of the Mbanja people of the north-western Democratic Republic of the Congo. The whistles are made of wood in different sizes and shapes, though all have a conical bore and are threaded on a cord or wire and worn around the neck or wrist. Other names are ...

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Bogongo  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Obscure three-string harp-zither of the Binga of the Central African Republic. It probably resembles the mvet, a stick with a notched bridge in the middle but no added resonator. It is played resting on the thighs of a performer seated on the ground, to accompany hunting and other songs.

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