(b Bruges, Jan 13, 1840; d Paris, June 19, 1908). Belgian violinist, viola player, viola d'amore player and music editor . After completing his formal education in Bruges he entered the Brussels Conservatory in 1857, studying the violin with Meerts and composition with Fétis. Three years later he gave successful concerts in Weimar and Dresden and subsequently accepted the position of leader of the opera orchestra in Budapest. In 1863 he went to Paris, where he learnt the viola (an instrument whose tonal qualities had long attracted him) and after winning a viola competition he joined the opera orchestra in Paris in 1868; he was later elected viola professor at the Paris Conservatoire. He journeyed to London in 1871 to play in the opera orchestra at Her Majesty's Theatre and also participated in the concerts at the Musical Union; there he played the viola in chamber concerts with Joachim, Auer, Sarasate, Vieuxtemps and Sivori....
(b London, Feb 9, 1928). English writer on music , son of Guy Warrack. He was educated at Winchester College and at the RCM (1949–52), where he studied the oboe with Terence Macdonagh, history with Frank Howes and composition with Gordon Jacob and Bernard Stevens. He played as a freelance oboist, chiefly with the Boyd Neel Orchestra and at Sadler's Wells, until 1953, when he joined Oxford University Press as a music editor. The next year he was appointed assistant music critic to the Daily Telegraph. He moved in 1961 to the Sunday Telegraph, as chief music critic, resigning in 1972. Warrack became a critic for Gramophone in 1958 and a member of the editorial board of Opera in 1953. In 1975–6 he was visiting lecturer at the University of Durham, and he was a university lecturer at Oxford, 1984–93. He was director of the Leeds Festival, ...
revised by Bruce Carr
(b London, March 20, 1804; d Bexley, Kent, March 8, 1881). English organist and writer on music. In 1834 he became organist of St Mary’s (Roman Catholic) Chapel, Chelsea, and composed some masses for its service. Between 1840 and 1860 he published many instruction books for organ, reed organ, concertina and church singing.
Warren was a careful and thorough editor of earlier English music: his edition of Boyce’s Cathedral Music, for example, included new biographies of the composers with exhaustive lists of their works. Such scholarship was facilitated by the large and valuable library he collected during his life, including the partbooks from which he edited Hilton’s Ayres or Fa Las, many unique sale catalogues, and autograph manuscripts of Purcell, A. Scarlatti, Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. The fruits of his research appeared often in the early Musical World.
(b Strasburg, ND, March 11, 1903; d Santa Monica, CA, May 17, 1992). American accordionist, band leader, publisher, and television host. Welk is best known for his radio and television programs which ran from 1949 until his retirement in 1982. He grew up on a farm in a German-speaking small town, where he first developed his interest in the accordion. Once he acquired his first instrument, he began to play with swing orchestras throughout the 1920s. Upon leaving the family home in 1924, he pursued his musical endeavors with business acumen, seeking out sponsorships. One of his first groups was the Honolulu Fruit Gum Orchestra, and he would eventually find excellent sponsors in Plymouth and Buick automobiles. Peddling his personal style of light swing, sometimes dubbed “champagne music” by fans and other observers, Welk’s big bands played throughout dance halls and hotels in the Midwest and East Coast during the 1930s before they found a regular radio program in the late 1940s. Eventually settling in Los Angeles, California, the bandleader began filming ...
revised by Mike Hazeldine
(b Plaquemine, LA, Oct 8, 1893; d New York, Nov 6, 1965). American jazz and popular pianist and publisher . He moved to New Orleans in 1906 and travelled with a minstrel show as a singer and dancer in 1911. After returning to New Orleans he began a music publishing venture (c1915) with A.J. Piron. Later in the decade he moved briefly to Chicago and then permanently to New York, where he founded a music publishing firm and several music stores; he also organized many recording sessions, principally for Okeh (1923–30). The most important of Williams’s groups was the Blue Five. Although noted more for its instrumental recordings made under Williams’s name, including Cakewalking Babies from Home with Louis Armstrong and Sidney Bechet (1925, OK), this group was principally an accompanying band for blues and vaudeville singers. Williams also made nearly 100 recordings with his ‘washboard’ bands....
Hermann J. Busch
(b Cattaro [now Kotor], Dalmatia, June 13, 1863; d Vienna, Oct 22, 1943). Austrian church musician, composer and editor. After studying at the Vienna Conservatory (1880–82), where his teachers included Franz Krenn, he held several teaching and church music positions in Vienna. He also worked as an editor for Universal Edition (1908–31), edited Musica divina (1913–34) and was co-editor of Denkmäler der Tonkunst in Österreich (from 1925). Among other projects, he prepared piano scores of Mahler’s symphonies for publication and edited works by Bruckner. As a composer, he wrote primarily Catholic sacred music; his works show the influence of the Cecilian movement and the music of Bruckner, with whom he had many personal contacts.
(b ?Lewes, E. Sussex; d London, bur. Oct 23, 1619). English music editor and singer. He married about 1586. Between 1594 and 1618 he is mentioned in St Paul’s Cathedral records as singing in the choir. He made his will on 19 October 1619, and was buried in St Michael Cornhill, in which parish he had spent most of his life.
Yonge was the editor of two anthologies of Italian madrigals published, with English texts, as Musica transalpina in 1588 and 1597. The first contains 57 pieces (including an English version of La verginella by Byrd with a new second part, and four settings of French texts) by 18 composers, of whom the most liberally represented are the elder Ferrabosco and Marenzio. In 1583 and 1585 Pierre Phalèse of Antwerp had issued three madrigal anthologies which not only provided the model for Yonge’s venture, but also afforded him a quantity of Italian madrigals by minor Flemish composers (19 pieces came from these three sources). Yonge’s ...
Giuseppina La Face
(fl Milan, 1626–45). Italian music editor and violinist . He contributed two-part reductions of a three-voice canzona by G.D. Rivolta and one for four voices by G.F. Cambiago to the local collection Flores praestantissimorum virorum (RISM 16265). He probably played and taught the violin, since his only work is Il scolaro … per imparar a suonare di violino, et altri stromenti (Milan, 1645), a collection of dances in four parts (mostly violin, two violas and cello) for learning the violin. Each dance is accompanied by an intabulation which prescribes the fingering (all in first position) for the four players and also gives bowing indications by means of the letters ‘P’ and ‘T’, which according to Francesco Rognoni Taeggio (Selva di varii passaggi, Milan, 1620/R) stand for ‘pontar in sú’ (upbow) and ‘tirare in giù’ (downbow); the bowings occur at the beginnings of pieces and sometimes later as well. The dances, some of them traditional ones such as the ...