Dramma giocoso per musica in three acts by Vincenzo Pallavicini (Act 1) and Domenico Fischietti (Acts 2 and 3) to a libretto by Carlo Goldoni; Venice, Teatro Grimani di S Samuele, 26 December 1754.
The plot concerns an apothecary, Sempronio (bass), who is outwitted in his love for his ward Grilletta (soprano) by his assistant Mengone (tenor); a series of subplots involves Sempronio’s daughter Albina (soprano) and her lover Lucindo (soprano), and alternative lovers, Volpino (tenor) and Cecchina (soprano), for the central couple. (For a fuller account of the story see Speziale, Lo.)
This collaborative work was the first setting of Goldoni’s highly successful libretto, which was commissioned in 1752 by the buffo singers Francesco Baglioni (see Baglioni family (opera) §(1)) and Francesco Carattoli (Sempronio and Mengone respectively), who then took the opera to a number of other Italian theatres where they continued to sing the lead roles. Lucindo was originally sung by a woman. Although the libretto gives Carnival ...