[Roumania, Rumania] (Rom. România)
Country in South-East Europe. Modern Romania is roughly situated in the ex-Roman province of Dacia (106–271
Until the 19th century, musical culture in Wallachia and Moldavia was primarily made of folkloric and Byzantine layers. The beginning of lay composition, in the form of ‘worldly’ and court songs written by some boyars at the end of the 18th century, showed Oriental and Turkish influences. In Transylvania, contacts with Western European musical styles were strengthened through the presence of German and Austrian court musicians (for example, Michael Haydn or Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf). About ...