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Bokenza  

K.A. Gourlay

[bonkenza, bonkenja, bonkendja]

Cylindro-conical double-headed drum of the Konda and Nkundo peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Konda drum is about 58 cm tall and the Nkundo about 44 cm. The cone is narrow and elongated, giving a goblet-shaped appearance without a supporting base, and the upper head is fastened by parallel cords which, at the point where the cylinder gives way to the cone, take the form of a net covering the cone. Traditionally the bokenza was a war drum, beaten in battle to encourage the warriors. The drums have leather carrying straps and often contained small rattling pebbles. The Lia lokiru (116 cm) (cf. Nkundo lokiro and Sengele lokilo) was of the same type and served the same function. The Nkundo term for a large drum (140 cm) of this type, bondundu, would appear to be cognate with the Yembe and Konda ndungu and the Dia and Sakata ...

Article

Bokio  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

[bonkeli]

Single-headed drum of the Kota and Kutu peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The footed wooden body is about 80 cm tall. The head can be of antelope, snake, or crocodile skin, usually laced to the body with leather thongs. It is beaten by the hands.

O. Boone...

Article

Bokuka  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Trapezoidal slit drum of the Mongo, Nkundo, and Kota peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made of wood and averages about 50 to 70 cm tall and 75 to 90 cm long. It is wider at the bottom than at the top. Larger examples have been reported. The Mongo also call it ...

Article

Bol  

Timkehet Teffera

Flute of the Berta people of western Ethiopia and southern Sudan. It is an end-blown one-note bamboo pipe without fingerholes. 12 to 25 bols of different pitches are played in hocket in ensemble (called bol negero and variant names) with a wooden kettledrum (negero) struck with two wooden beaters. During the 19th century this ensemble was a status symbol of the royal court. The instruments were kept in the royal palace and used only at private and official events of the court. Each bol had its own name: al meshir al awel, al meshir atani, tego bala, aqidare, amadine, asholfa, bolmoshan, etc.; nowadays the names differ according to locale and dialect. The pipes are made in sets from 9 to 80 cm long and 2 to 5 cm in diameter, with a sharpened blowing edge and slightly conical tube stopped at the bottom by a natural node. The ...

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Bolange  

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Bolima  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Bolo  

Article

Konin Aka

Single-string harp of the Senufo people of the Ivory Coast. The string extends from a curved neck and is plucked by one hand while the other strikes the skin-covered calabash resonator. An ensemble may consist of nine harps, eight tuned in unison, the ninth a fourth higher. The music played by ...

Article

Bolon  

K.A. Gourlay and Lucy Durán

[bolombata, bolombato, bulumbata]

Large arched harp of the Manding peoples of West Africa, the Mandinka of the Gambia and Maninka of Guinea and Mali. The harp has a large, whole-calabash resonator with a rectangular soundhole in the side, a laced goatskin soundtable and three or four strings fastened to the handle by leather thongs. Formerly used in warfare, when the resonator was beaten as a drum, the ...

Article

Bolu  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

K.A. Gourlay

Nose flute of the Nkundo and Konda Bowele peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It is made from a hollow pawpaw stem; the ends are sealed with resin and a small hole pierced in each. A thumb hole is made 2 cm from one end on the dorsal side and opened or closed as the instrument is blown with a nostril. The players are mainly children who use the nose flute for amusement. The ifonge na ndzulu of the Mongo is similar except that a small leaf is placed over each end to seal it and there is no thumb hole. Other nose flutes reported from the Democratic Republic of the Congo include the Bali, Mbo, and Ndaka aduteli, Bira bukanga and Kumu and Lega kabili.

F.J. de Hen: Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Musikinstrumente aus Belgisch Kongo und Ruanda-Urundi (Tervuren, 1960) G. Knosp: Enquête sur la vie musicale au Congo belge 1934–1935...

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Henry Stobart

Mouth bow of the Republic of the Congo. (1) Braced mouth bow of the Mamvu and Mari peoples. The string is fastened to the bow not only at both ends but also by means of a short cord part way along its length. This produces two unequal lengths of vibrating string, giving two different notes. Other names reported are: ...

Article

David Font-Navarrete

[kongkong, kabombolon, elembele, ebereng]

Slit drum of the Jola people of Senegal and the Gambia. A bombolon can range from 40 to 150 cm long and often has a roughly cylindrical extension carved at each end of the hollowed log beyond the longitudinal slot. It is usually placed horizontally, resting on four small feet. The two sides of the slot produce different pitches. The instrument is played exclusively by males, using wooden sticks or bare hands. It is played in wrestling music (kongkong; also sometimes the name for the associated drum), funerary music, and during male initiation/circumcision ceremonies. Bombolon is also often used as a generic term for several Jola wooden slit drums; while all these instruments appear similar, they are used for different purposes depending on whether they are consecrated or not.

L.-V. Thomas: ‘Les Diola: Essai d’analyse fonctionnelle sur une population de Basse-Casamance’ (Dakar, 1959).

See also Kabisa ; Slit drum ...

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Bompete  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

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Bondjo  

Ferdinand J. de Hen

[ekungu, bongo]

Side-blown ivory horn of the Konda people of the northwestern Democratic Republic of the Congo. It retains the natural pointed tip of the tusk and therefore has no fingerhole. Sometimes it is made in two parts: the upper of ivory and the lower (wider) of wood, the joint rendered airtight by a sleeve of goatskin (formerly human skin). Its use is reserved for chiefs, whose power it represents, and only they may own and blow it or empower another to blow it on their behalf....

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen

Kettledrum of the Mbwanja and Eso peoples of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The head is usually made of an elephant ear, affixed to a clay pot resonator by fibre or leather thongs. It is known among the Ngando as ebondza and by the Nkundo as ilonga.

See also...

Article

Ferdinand J. de Hen