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Linda Whitesitt, Charles Amirkhanian and Susan C. Cook

(b Trenton, NJ, July 8, 1900; d New York, Feb 12, 1959). American composer and pianist of German descent.

Antheil began piano lessons when he was six and from the age of 16 travelled regularly to Philadelphia for theory and composition lessons with Constantin von Sternberg. On the advice of Sternberg, Antheil went to New York in ...

Article

Anthem  

John Harper, Peter Le Huray, Ralph T. Daniel and John Ogasapian

A choral setting of a religious or moral text in English, generally designed for liturgical performance. See also National anthems .

In the Middle Ages the term derived from and was synonymous with Antiphon . After the Reformation the term denotes a polyphonic setting of a sacred English text, normally sung by the choir after the collects at Matins and Evensong; the text is freely chosen, most often from the Bible (especially the psalms) or from the Book of Common Prayer. The connection between Latin antiphon sung within the Office and English anthem sung as an appendage to Matins or Evensong is found in the Commemoration, Memoiral or Suffrage in which the antiphon was the most important musical element. In the medieval liturgy a Commemoration, Memorial or Suffrage was often appended to the main Office (e.g. Lauds or Vespers); this observance normally consisted of ...

Article

Anthem  

Ralph T. Daniel, Elwyn A. Wienandt and Laurie J. Sampsel

A Protestant sacred choral composition, of 16th-century British origin, usually a setting of English prose from the Scriptures. It was adopted by 18th-century Americans and became the most elaborate composition of the first New England School of composers (see also Psalmody). The Second New England School took up this genre in the 19th century, adopting the European musical style and organ accompaniment. During the 20th century the definition of the genre expanded both musically and textually, but it remains an important part of Protestant church services to the present day....

Article

Kostas Kardamis

(b Corfu, 1952). Greek trumpet player, soloist, and educator. He began his training in the ‘Mantzaros’ Philharmonic Society of Corfu and commenced his trumpet studies in the Hellenic Conservatory of Athens (Dimitris Kafyris’s class). He was principal performer in the Greek National Opera (...

Article

Sydney Robinson Charles

A printed or manuscript collection of musical works selected from a particular repertory. Most anthologies contain works by more than one composer. Certain types of collection, which may be anthologies in the broadest sense – folksong collections, tune books, songsters, hymnals, psalters, pasticcios, ballad operas, organ and lute intabulations, and theory or performance manuals with music examples – are not considered in this article, which is confined to printed anthologies of music roughly contemporary with date of publication and containing works by different composers. For manuscript anthologies, ...

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Keith Polk

In 

See Schubinger

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Randall H. Tollefsen and J.H. Giskes

In 

See Noordt, van family

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(fl c1440–70). ?Italian composer. Previously thought to have been English, he is now presumed to have been a native of the Trentino, perhaps identifiable with the nobleman and lawyer Christophorus Anthonii de Molveno, traceable in Trent in 1449–68. His works, comprising a Sanctus, ...

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See Picard family

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Gregory F. Barz

In 

See Seeger family

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

In 

See Young family

Article

(b New York, March 28, 1930). American double bass player. He worked with Georgie Auld (1951), Jimmy Dorsey (1953), Gerry Mulligan (1954), and Claude Thornhill (1956) and performed and recorded with Buddy DeFranco (1950–51...

Article

Elizabeth Forbes

(b New Orleans, July 15, 1929; d Tampa, FL, Feb 15, 2012). American tenor. He studied at New Orleans and in Rome, making his début in 1954 as the Holy Fool (Boris Godunov) at the Metropolitan, where he sang for 30 years in a wide variety of lyric and character roles. They included Almaviva, Ernesto, Nemorino, Beppe (...