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Paula Morgan

(b Philadelphia, July 8, 1899; d Philadelphia, July 6, 1984). American musicologist and music librarian. He studied Romance languages and literature at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received the BA in 1921, the MA in 1925 and the PhD in 1931, and at the University of Copenhagen from 1922 to 1923. He taught both French and music at the University of Pennsylvania from 1923 until 1970, when he retired as emeritus professor of music. From 1937 he was curator of the university library, which was renamed the Otto E. Albrecht Music Library on his retirement. He also held several government positions, serving on the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees for Bavaria (1945–6), as chief of the publications section for the United States Military Government in Hesse (1947) and in Russia as specialist in musicology for the Department of State (1961).

Albrecht's historical interests included music in America to ...

Article

Wayne D. Shirley

(Bunshaft)

(b Brookline, MA, Nov 28, 1943). American conductor, musicologist, and music librarian. Anderson attended Bryn Mawr (BA 1965), the University of Illinois (MM 1969), and the University of Maryland (MLS 1989). Anderson was a Music Librarian at the Library of Congress from 1978 to 1995 before resigning to pursue an independent career as a conductor, specializing in the conducting of music to accompany the showings of silent films. Her interest in this area began in the late 1970s while working on the score for Carl Dreyer’s The Passion of Joan of Arc. Her conducting is informed by scholarly work; whenever possible her performances use the music for its original release; lacking that, she compiles a score using material which might have been used during the film’s first showings. A good example of her work is the 1922 film Häxan (now on Criterion Collection DVD 134)....

Article

Mark McKnight

(b Christianburg, VA, April 4, 1942). American music librarian. He studied music and English at Emory and Henry College, Emory, Virginia (BA 1963) and received his graduate degree in library science (MLS 1973) from George Peabody College for Teachers (now part of Vanderbilt University) in Nashville, Tennessee. He did additional graduate work in music at Yale University as a Woodrow Wilson Fellow and at Indiana University. Following three years of service in the US Army in Vietnam and Italy, he studied Italian at the Università Italiana per Stranieri, Perugia, Italy, 1969–70. After holding various library positions at James Madison University from 1973 to 1984, he served as principal cataloger and music cataloger at Virginia Tech University from 1984 to 1997, when he joined the staff of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries, where he currently serves as Head of the Original Cataloging Section of the Cataloging Services Department....

Article

Jan Trojan and Geoffrey Chew

(b Rataje u Kroměříže, June 3, 1887; d Prague, Jan 25, 1949). Czech composer and musicologist. He studied at Prague University under Nejedlý and Hostinský, receiving the PhD in 1912 for a dissertation on Moravian folk opera in the 18th century. He studied composition under Novák (1908–10) and counterpoint under Ostrčil (1920), and he devoted himself to composition after his appointment as head of the musical archive at the National Museum in Prague (now the Muzeum české hudby) in 1915, though his contemporaries always regarded him as a Moravian composer. In the 1920s he was an official in the Society for Modern Music. Passing from late-Romanticism into a distinctive modernism after World War I, his music remained broadly lyrical, with traces of Moravian folk influence, and with mainly triadic (though often non-functional) harmony. Most of his numerous works are cast in extended forms. His vocal works remained in the repertoire long after World War II, especially the choral works....

Article

Mimi Tashiro

(Phillips) [Todd Mayfield, Ann; Todd, Ann E.]

(b Denver, CO, Aug 26, 1931). American music librarian, editor, and publisher. Daughter of composer Burrill Phillips and Alberta Phillips, and wife of composer Robert Basart, she was raised by her maternal grandparents who named her Ann Todd Mayfield. As Ann E. Todd, she was a child actress featured in more than twenty films such as Intermezzo, All This, and Heaven Too, and Three Daring Daughters. In 1953 she graduated from University of California, Los Angeles in Music History and continued her studies at the University of California, Berkeley earning an MLS in 1958 and MA in 1960. She had a distinguished career as reference librarian at the UC Berkeley Music Library from 1960–61 and 1970–90, during which time she founded and edited the library’s newsletter, Cum Notis Variorum, which gained a national audience. It contained news, reviews, and substantial articles, including bibliographies, checklists, and indexes on various topics and sources. Basart also wrote numerous reviews for ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b New York, Sept 2, 1906; d Brattleboro, VT, April 7, 2001). American music scholar and librarian. He was educated at the College of the City of New York, New York University, the Institute of Musical Art and the Mannes College of Music; his studies included the violin and chamber music with Louis Sveçenski, composition with Bernard Wagenaar and Hans Weisse, and musicology with Sachs and Reese. From 1931 to 1968 he worked in the music division of the New York Public Library as head of the Rare Book and Manuscript Collections, editor of music publications and curator of the Toscanini Memorial Archives; from 1950 to 1968 he taught at the Mannes College of Music. In 1968 he became director of libraries and a member of the faculty at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. He retired in 1976.

Beck’s principal fields of study were early string techniques and performing practice, textual analyses and criticism (see his ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b New York, June 28, 1918; d Paris, March 23, 1980). American musicologist and music librarian. She studied with James Friskin at the Juilliard School, taking a diploma in the piano in 1938; she received the BA at Hunter College the following year. After graduate work in musicology at the University of Iowa, she received the MA in 1951 and the PhD in 1961. She was music librarian at the University of Iowa from 1953; in 1967 she was appointed associate professor of music there. She was president of the Music Library Association, 1962–3, and became secretary of the AMS in 1972 and editor of Fontes artis musicae in 1976.

Among Benton's interests was French music of the late 18th century. She endeavoured to solve the difficult bibliographical problems associated with Ignace Pleyel, whose compositions appear in different arrangements, with altered titles, or with movements transposed, added or omitted in different publications. Her translation of Frits Noske's ...

Article

Malcolm Turner

(Jean Etienne Charles Marie)

(b Ghent, Jan 23, 1868; d Ghent, Nov 14, 1935). Belgian musicologist and librarian. As a university student at Ghent, Bergmans attended piano and violin classes at Ghent Conservatory and had private lessons in music theory from Hendrik Waelput. In 1885, while still at university, he began to write music criticism for Flandre libérale and continued to do so until his death. In 1892 he took a post as assistant librarian at Ghent University, where he remained for the rest of his professional life. He became principal librarian there in 1919 and in the same year accepted the chair of musicology at Ghent, the first to be established at a Belgian university. In the following year he became a member of the Académie Royale de Belgique. Bergmans was interested in all branches of history, not merely that of music, and with his training as a historian and librarian, had an exact and painstaking cast of mind. Throughout most of his life he played an important part in the commission for the ...

Article

Charles Mould

(b Bristol, UK, 1919; d Oxford, UK, Nov 25, 1999). English scholar and librarian. After reading Classics at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (MA), Boalch became librarian of the Rothamsted Experimental Station, Harpenden, Hertfordshire. In March 1962 he was appointed Keeper of Scientific Books at the Radcliffe Science Library, Bodleian Library, Oxford (a position he held until he retired in 1975), and in 1965 he was elected a Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. He was also an FSA. His love of music and gift for information collection and management were essential for the production of his most enduring work, Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord 1440–1840 (Oxford, 1956; 3/1995, ed. C. Mould), a standard reference in the field of keyboard organology, offering a model for the identification and presentation of significant data about persons and keyboard instruments.

C. Mould: ‘Donald Howard Boalch: 1914–1999’, GSJ, vol.53 (2000), 9....

Article

Sergio Martinotti

(b Rome, 11/Jan 16, 1638; d Rome, March 30, 1725). Italian librarian and bibliographer. He seems to have been a Jesuit. He was chief librarian at the Collegio Romano from 1676; he was also in charge of the archives of the Museum Kircherianum, Rome, of which he compiled the catalogue (Rome, ...