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Charles Barber

revised by José A. Bowen

(b Basle, April 28, 1906; d Basle, May 26, 1999). Swiss conductor, archivist and musical patron. He studied conducting with Weingartner and Moser at the Basle Conservatory and musicology with Karl Nef at the University of Basle. In 1926 he founded the Basle Chamber Orchestra, to which the affiliated Basle Chamber Choir was added in 1928. Both were organized for the exploration of unusual music from the pre-Classical and modern periods. Five years later he created the Schola Cantorum Basiliensis as an institute for research into early music. His explorations of little-known repertory went as far as early Mozart and Haydn and his Basle première of Idomeneo in 1931 helped restore this Mozart opera to the canon. In 1954 he combined the Schola Cantorum with both the conservatory and Musikschule to create the Musikakademie der Stadt Basel, a group that has since become a major centre of musicological and performance research. Sacher served as the Musikakademie’s first director, from ...