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R. Wallace

(b Kilberry, Argyll, Jan 18, 1877; d London, April 24, 1963). Scottish music editor. He was the third son of John Campbell 10th of Kilberry and was educated at Harrow and Pembroke College, Cambridge. After leaving university, he entered the Indian Civil Service. He was appointed a judge of the High Court in 1921, and in 1928 he retired to Britain and became a lecturer in Indian law at Cambridge (1929–41). Throughout his life he was interested in the music of the Highland bagpipe; he studied with some of the leading pipers of his day and became a competent amateur player and piping judge, but he came to prominence in the piping world principally as an authority on and editor of pìobaireachd (Gaelic: ‘piping’) music. He was a stalwart of the Pìobaireachd Society, which was established in 1903 for the purpose of improving public knowledge of ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b Eşfahān, Oct 11, 1908; d Francestown, NH, Sept 5, 1992). American musicologist and editor of Armenian origin. After taking a diploma at the American College in Tehran in 1927, he studied the violin and composition in Paris and New York, and became a composition student of Malipiero. He studied musicology at Harvard, where he took the MA in 1940 and the PhD in 1945, the year he founded the American Institute of Musicology, of which he was director.

Carapetyan's principal interest was the music of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. As general editor of Corpus Mensurabilis Musicae, Musicological Studies and Documents and, for some years, Corpus Scriptorum de Musica, he was responsible for the publication of a growing number of important collected editions, scholarly monographs and theoretical treatises. He was editor of Musica disciplina from its first issue in 1946 until 1988. He was publisher of all the American Institute series, which include, in addition to those for which he was general editor, Corpus of Early Keyboard Music, Miscellanea and the series Renaissance Manuscript Studies. Carapetyan also edited the facsimile of the Faenza Codex and a 14th-century vernacular theoretical treatise. His editorials in ...

Article

Israel J. Katz

(b Turgutlu, Turkey, Dec 23, 1896; d Aubervilliers, nr Paris, Oct 7, 1975). Italian composer, ethnomusicologist and music publisher. After education at the Alliance Israélite Universelle in Turgutlu, from 1907 he attended the school of the Société Musicale Israélite in Izmir, studying composition with Shemtov Shikayar and cantorial music with Isaac Algazi. He won a scholarship to Milan Conservatory, where he was a pupil of Zavaldi and Pozzoli (theory and solfège), Gatti (orchestration), Zampieri (history), Bossi (composition) and Andreoli (piano) (1914–15, 1917–19). His studies were interrupted by war service and Hemsi was severely wounded. He returned to Izmir to teach, then on to Rhodes (1923–7) and finally Alexandria. From 1920 he became intensely interested in the traditional music of Sephardi Jewry, collecting material around the eastern Mediterranean, in Alexandria, Jerusalem, Rhodes, Turgutlu, Manisa, Izmir and Thessaloniki. Most of the material in Coplas sefardíes, the work which established his reputation, was furnished by the Sephardi communities of Alexandria, Istanbul and Sofia; his well-suited piano accompaniments brought these songs into the salons and concert halls. In Alexandria he founded the Edition Orientale de Musique, the first Egyptian house to publish the work of composers familiar with Middle Eastern culture. In his own music he sought a compromise between Western technique and oriental tradition, believing that harmonic, equal-tempered music would replace microtonal heterophony. He founded a conservatory to propagate these ideas; he also established and conducted the Alexandria PO (...

Article

Moira Goff

(b Sittingbourne, Kent, bap. April 2, 1688; d London, Sept 18, 1744). English dramatist, librettist and editor. He first wrote for the stage in 1708, when his play The Persian Princess was performed at the Drury Lane Theatre. His early work included translating plays by Sophocles and Aristophanes as well as writing articles for newspapers. By 1718 he was working for John Rich at Lincoln's Inn Fields, providing librettos for works such as Pan and Syrinx (14 January 1718), and a run of extremely successful pantomimes including Harlequin Sorcerer (21 January 1725), Apollo and Daphne (14 January 1726), The Rape of Proserpine (13 February 1727) and Perseus and Andromeda (29 January 1730). J.E. Galliard provided the music for many of these works. Among Theobald's later theatre works were librettos for Lampe's Orpheus and Eurydice (Covent Garden, 12 February 1740...

Article

Owain Edwards

revised by Ian Woodfield

(b London, 1758–9; d Paris, Oct 1817). English army officer, composer, author and music publisher. He joined the Bengal Army at 19 and sailed for India in 1778. After 20 years on active service there his career as an officer came to a sudden end. He was a captain in the 17th N. India Regiment when he was suspended for having written a letter, signed ‘Mentor’, published in the Calcutta Telegraph on 17 March 1798, in which he criticized the Government’s military policy. He was ordered home, his conduct being found by the Board ‘highly criminal and of a dangerous tendency’, and was later retired on half pay.

On his return to London, Williamson opened a warehouse in the Strand, ‘where a great variety of Music, Instruments, as also Prints and Drawings, may be had’. As a self-proclaimed authority on all matters Indian, his main value as a musical commentator lies in his remarks on the lucrative export trade in instruments between London and India. In his ...