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John Koegel

(b Puerto Príncipe, Cuba, ?Nov 28, 1844; d Havana, ?Dec 31, 1918). Pianist, music teacher, arranger, conductor, composer, and lawyer of Cuban birth, naturalized American. Born into a prominent family in Puerto Príncipe, Cuba (present-day Camagüey), Agramonte strongly supported the movement for independence from Spain. He studied music and the law in Cuba, Spain, and France. After vocal studies with Enrico Delle Sedie (1822–1907) and François Delsarte (1811–71) at the Paris Conservatory, he immigrated to the United States, settling in New York in 1869, where he remained until after Cuban independence in 1898. He became a US citizen in 1886.

In the 1870s and 1880s, Agramonte taught music at the Academy of Mount Saint Vincent in the Bronx. In the 1890s he taught with Dudley Buck and William Mason at the Metropolitan College of Music and ran his own School of Opera and Oratorio at his home, teaching singers such as ...


Stuart Campbell

( b Nizhniy Novgorod, Dec 21, 1836/Jan 2, 1837; d St Petersburg, 16/May 29, 1910). Russian composer, conductor, teacher and pianist .

Balakirev was the son of a minor government official. His musical education began with his mother’s piano tuition and proceeded to a course of summer lessons in Moscow with Aleksandr Dubuque. At that time the leading musical figure and patron in Nizhniy Novgorod (and author of books on Mozart and Beethoven) was Aleksandr Ulïbïshev, and it was through his household pianist and musical organizer Karl Eisrich that Balakirev’s induction to music, embracing the crucial discoveries of Chopin and Glinka, continued. Eisrich and Ulïbïshev provided Balakirev with further opportunities to play, read and listen to music, and to rehearse other musicians in orchestral and choral works, including, when he was 14, Mozart’s Requiem. His first surviving compositions date from the age of 15. Balakirev’s formal education began at the Gymnasium in Nizhniy Novgorod and continued after his mother’s death in ...


Elżbieta Dziębowska

(b Warsaw, April 16, 1858; d Warsaw, Sept 1, 1929). Polish violinist, conductor and teacher. He was a pupil of Apolinary Kątski at the Warsaw Music Institute (c 1871) and then studied the violin at the Moscow Conservatory with Ferdinand Laub and Jan Hřímalý; on completing his studies in 1876 he was awarded a gold medal. From 1877 he played frequently in Poland and also in England, France, Germany, Denmark, Austria, Sweden, Norway and Russia. He taught the violin and the viola at the Warsaw Music Institute (1886–1918), where he also directed the chamber music class and conducted the student orchestra; he was a member of the governing Pedagogical Council (1888–1901) and later was appointed director (1910–18). He was leader of the Warsaw Opera House orchestra, and from 1886 was conductor there. In 1892 he established his own string quartet. Barcewicz was one of the finest Polish violinists. He won great recognition for his beautiful, deep, full tone, excellent technique and individuality of interpretation. He had a large repertory, comprising chiefly the works of Classical and Romantic composers....


N. Lee Orr

(b Florence, Aug 2, 1854; d Atlanta, GA, Nov 17, 1935). American pianist, conductor and teacher. He was born into one of the leading musical families in 19th-century America, which included Adelina Patti, and made his début as a pianist on 7 April 1865 in New York. His family soon moved to Philadelphia, where he studied the piano with Carl Wolfsohn before embarking for the Cologne Conservatory in 1872. Barili settled in Atlanta in 1880 and became the city's first professional musician, introducing many standard works, including Beethoven sonatas and later Gounod's Messe solennelle de Sainte Cécile. In 1883 he planned the first Atlanta Music Festival, which included a chorus of 300 accompanied by Carl Sentz's orchestra from Philadelphia. During that one weekend Barili introduced symphonies by Schubert (no.8), Haydn and Beethoven, as well as a number of Mendelssohn and Verdi overtures. That same year he conducted the chorus for Theodore Thomas and his orchestra. Barili developed a reputation as one of the finest teachers in the South, and many of his pupils achieved successful musical careers. His pioneering work in Atlanta laid the foundation for many of the city's musical institutions....


Kara Gardner

(b Detroit, March 28, 1866; d Chicago, Dec 6, 1945). American violinist, conductor, musical director, teacher, and composer. Bendix was born to Jewish parents who had emigrated from Germany. His father William was a music teacher. Bendix began formal study at the Cincinnati College of Music where, at the age of twelve, he performed with the college orchestra, directed by Theodore Thomas. This began a long association between the two men, leading to Bendix’s appointment as first violinist and concertmaster of the Theodore Thomas Orchestra in 1886. In August 1893 Thomas resigned his position as music director of the Chicago World’s Columbian Exposition following a series of unsuccessful concerts. Bendix took Thomas’s place as conductor of the Exposition orchestra. This created tension between the two men, and Bendix left the Thomas orchestra in 1896. He went on to serve as conductor at the Manhattan Opera House and to conduct orchestras for world fairs in St. Louis (...


Joachim Braun


(b Kovalyovka, South Ukraine, 7/April 19, 1863; d Moscow, Jan 21, 1931). Russian conductor, pianist, composer and teacher, uncle of Heinrich Neuhaus. He studied the piano with Stein and composition with Rimsky-Korsakov at the St Petersburg Conservatory, where he taught the piano from his graduation in 1885 until 1918 (excluding the years 1905–11), being appointed a professor in 1897. From 1895 to 1911 he was also conductor at the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg, where he gave the premières of Rimsky-Korsakov's Servilia (1902) and Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh (1907) and the Russian première of Tristan und Isolde (1899). In 1908 he conducted the Russian seasons in Paris, achieving wide recognition as a conductor and, more especially, as a pianist. He lived and worked in close contact with Anton Rubinstein, Rimsky-Korsakov, Glazunov, Rachmaninoff and Chaliapin. His performing style, influenced by Rubinstein's, was heroically brilliant and lyrically melodious; he gave the first performances of many piano works by Glazunov, Lyadov and Arensky, among others. He was well known as a teacher, first in St Petersburg, then in Kiev (...


Scott Alan Southard

[Josef Horymír Capek]

(b Jestrebice, Bohemia, March 12, 1860; d Chicago, Aug 1, 1932). Czech violinist, teacher, conductor, and composer active chiefly in the USA. In 1867, Chapek’s father, a violinist and conductor, moved the family to Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Following education there, Chapek entered the Prague Conservatory, studying violin with Bennewitz, theory and composition with Foerster, and meeting Dvorák. Upon graduation, he toured Europe (1882–3). Returning to America, Chapek continued to concertize widely (1883–93). In Milwaukee, he joined the Mendelssohn Quintet Club (1883–5) and later formed the Chapek String Quartet (1885–7). He was also concertmaster of Milwaukee’s Bach Symphony Orchestra (1885–8) and musical director of the Capital Theatre, Little Rock, Arkansas (1887–8).

In 1888, Chapek moved to Chicago to direct the violin department of the Chicago Conservatory (1888–1902); he would later head the violin departments of the Apollo (also until ...


Romeo Ghircoiaşiu

(b Roman, 1866; d Bucharest, Dec 29, 1918). Romanian composer, pianist, teacher and conductor. After studying at the Leipzig Conservatory with Jadassohn (1886–91) and in Lwów with Karol Mikuli, he became conductor at the Rostock Opera and in Goslar. He also taught in these cities and at the conservatories of Bucharest and Brunswick, where he became director. He made some appearances in Germany as a pianist. His compositions (some manuscripts of which are in ...


Gérard Streletski

[Edme, Edouard, Emile]

(b Paris, May 31, 1817; d Paris, Nov 6, 1897). French violinist, conductor, composer and teacher. At the age of six he began violin lessons with Sudre, who then took him and the young pianist Louis Lacombe on an ‘artistic journey’ of several months. On 1 March 1825 he entered the Conservatoire, where he studied for the next 16 years, winning several first and second prizes and, in 1838, second place in the Prix de Rome for his cantata La vendetta. His teachers included Habeneck, Reicha, Halévy and Berton; with the latter's help he gave a concert of his own compositions on 6 December 1840.

Deldevez began his professional career as a violinist, first at the Opéra from 1833, and then at the Société des Concerts du Conservatoire from 1839. However, conducting became more important, and he took up positions at both institutions from 1847 and 1872 respectively. He became principal conductor at the Opéra in ...


John Warrack

(b Alverdissen, Lippe, Nov 7, 1828; d Bad Pyrmont, Sept 5, 1890). German pianist, teacher, conductor and composer. Having studied with Marxsen in Hamburg (1849) and Lobe in Leipzig, in 1857 he settled in Hamburg, where he founded a musical society and conducted it until 1868. He moved to Berlin in 1874, where he was Kapellmeister of the Royal Opera in Berlin (1886–8), and also conducted concerts. In 1876 he conducted the Silesian musical society founded in Breslau by Count Hochberg. A detailed description of his teaching methods is given by his pupils (see bibliography), especially by Amy Fay. These methods included avoiding lifting the fingers high, careful attention to muscular movement, special study of pedalling and the use of a low piano stool, all designed to cultivate a very soft, even, but penetrating tone. Among Deppe’s most distinguished pupils was Emil Sauer, and he also gave help and advice to Tovey. Deppe’s system was developed further by Adolf Mikeš, who became an influential exponent of it in Prague, and some of his principles were adopted by Leschetizky. His compositions include a symphony, overtures and songs; he also wrote an essay ‘Armleiden der Klavierspieler’ (in ...


Romeo Ghircoiaşiu

revised by Ruxandra Arzoiu

(b Blejoi-Prahova, Romania, March 19, 1847; d Bucharest, Romania, May 9, 1928). Romanian composer, cellist, conductor, and teacher. A master of the cello, he was not only a great interpreter with well-defined competence, but also a very good teacher who established a cello school (for which some of his works were especially created). He was an initiator of an important musical life based on chamber repertory.

After studying in Bucharest with Alexandru Flechtenmacher and Eduard Wachmann, he completed his education in Vienna with Schlessinger and in Paris with Franchomme. He was a cellist in the Romanian Philharmonic Society Orchestra and at the National Theatre. Later he conducted the orchestra of the Ministry of Public Instruction (the successor to the Philharmonic). Dimitrescu was also a moving spirit in the field of chamber music. As founder of the first permanent quartet in Bucharest (1880), he held many concerts of music from the great Classical and Romantic literature. As cello teacher at the Bucharest Conservatory, he helped to form a Romanian cello school (among his disciples were Dimitrie Dinicu and George Georgescu)....


Zofia Chechlińska

(b Szczuczyńce, Podolia, 1857; d Otwock, nr Warsaw, Feb 26, 1923). Polish pianist, composer, conductor and teacher. At the St Petersburg Conservatory he studied the piano with Anton Rubinstein and composition with Nicholas Solovyev, and later orchestration with Rimsky-Korsakov. In 1891 he won first prize in the conservatory’s annual Rubinstein Composers’ Competition for his cantata Wieża goryjska (‘The Gorian tower’). While still a student, he organized and conducted the concerts of the St Petersburg Amateur Music Group, and on graduating he became the director of a local orchestra, also working as an accompanist and singing teacher. He moved to Warsaw in 1919 and co-directed the opera class at the conservatory with Antoni Różański from 1920. Dłuski was also made an honorary professor of the Brussels Conservatory.

Dłuski’s two piano sonatas were particularly successful, and were performed by Rubinstein. However, Dłuski’s main interest was in operatic and vocal music. He composed five operas, of which only one (...


James Deaville

(b Silesia, c1814; d after 1880). German-born amateur violinist, conductor, businessman and schoolmaster, active in the United States. He traveled to the USA in 1837, touring with pianist Joseph Hermanns through Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Northern Virginia, but returned to Europe in 1841. Six years later he landed again in New York, proceeding to Chicago in 1847, where he informally performed on the violin with other German musicians. He organized them into the “Philharmonic Society,” Chicago’s first orchestra, which gave its inaugural concert on 24 October 1850 in Tremont Hall. The first season consisted of eight concerts; the second was considerably shorter and proved financially disastrous. Dyhrenfurth left the conductor’s podium, but remained a performer and board member with the Philharmonic Society well into the 1860s. He established a School of Trade in Waukegan in 1858, eventually serving as president of Dyhrenfurth’s College in Chicago, which primarily offered courses in business. Histories of the Chicago SO traditionally credit Dyhrenfurth with having taken the first step toward its founding....


Keith Horner

(b Castellammare di Stabia, Sept 29, 1855; d Florence, Nov 19, 1929). Italian pianist, composer, conductor and teacher. After studying the piano under B. Cesi and composition under P. Serrao at the conservatory of S Pietro a Majella, Naples, Esposito went to Paris in 1878. Four years later he began his long association with Dublin, the development of whose concert life owed much to his enthusiasm and initiative. As professor of the piano at the Royal Irish Academy of Music, his influence extended throughout the country, and he was awarded an honorary doctorate in 1905 by Trinity College, Dublin. He gave frequent chamber music and piano recitals under the auspices of the Royal Dublin Society and founded a small symphony orchestra which gave Sunday afternoon concerts at a low admission price in the Antient Concert Rooms. In 1899, by means of public subscription, he founded the Dublin Orchestral Society, which he conducted with much success until ...


Richard Jackson

(b Paris, France, 1781; d New York, NY, Jan 17, 1859). American pianist, teacher, and conductor. He was a student of François-Adrien Boieldieu and Charles-Simon Catel and recipient of the first prize in both piano and accompaniment at the Paris Conservatoire in 1800 before immigrating to the United States in 1814 or 1815. He probably performed and taught in various American cities, and in September 1816 was in Boston, where he published a piece for piano, Battle of New Orleans, before settling in New York. He is mentioned from 1818 until 1835 in directories of New York, where he maintained a leading position in the musical community. In 1824 he was chosen to be the permanent conductor of the newly founded Philharmonic Society; he also played the piano in the orchestra of the first Italian opera season in New York (which began on 29 November 1825) and conducted Weber’s ...


Antigona Rădulescu


(b Iaşi, Dec 23, 1823; d Bucharest, Jan 28, 1898). Romanian composer, conductor, violinist, and teacher. He began the study of music very early, in his native town. Demonstrating excellent skills on the violin, he went to Vienna, where he specialized with Josepf Böhm and Joseph Mayeseder, and then to Paris. Upon his return to the country, he worked for many years as a violinist and conductor of various orchestral ensembles (the most important ones being the orchestras of the National Theatres in Iași and Bucharest. As a professor, he taught in various schools, culminating in teaching the violin at the Music and Dramatic Art Conservatory in Bucharest, which he ran as a main director from 1864 (when the institution was founded) until 1869.

Sensitive to contemporary historical events (the 1848 revolutions, the Union of the Romanian Principalities, the War of Independence), he composed patriotic works – choirs (...


Anne Dhu McLucas

(b ?England, 1770; d Philadelphia, PA, Sept 16, 1826). American violinist, conductor, music teacher, and composer. He was active in Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New York from 1793 to 1826. He is said to have played at the Handel Commemoration in Westminster Abbey in 1784 and was advertised in Philadelphia as “the celebrated violinist from London.” In 1793 he was brought over from England by Thomas Wignell and Alexander Reinagle to lead the orchestra at the Chestnut Street Theater, which they founded and operated. He performed frequently in concerts with Benjamin Carr, Rayner Taylor, and Reinagle, sometimes appearing as “leader of the band,” while Reinagle was listed as “conductor”; his repertory included concertos and duets, which he usually performed with the cellist Menel. In 1814, although still living in Philadelphia, Gillingham appeared at Vauxhall Gardens in New York, and in 1816 he conducted a performance of Messiah with the New York Handel and Haydn Society. By ...


Trevor Herbert

(b Belfast, Aug 12, 1839; d Manchester, Dec 12, 1911). English clarinettist, brass band conductor and teacher. He was the son of a military bandmaster and had a precocious musical talent; by the age of 11 he was appearing as a piccolo soloist with Louis Jullien’s orchestra. He also appears to have been a talented pianist, but it was as a clarinettist that he made his mark as a player. After touring with a number of theatre bands he became leader of the Harrogate Spa Band, and in 1861 he joined the Hallé Orchestra in which he remained for most of his playing career. In the 1850s he started to conduct brass bands, and he went on to have influential associations with the most successful Victorian bands, particularly the Meltham Mills Band. At the time of his death Gladney was widely referred to as the father of the brass band movement. With two other successful Victorian band conductors, Edwin Swift and Alexander Owen, he shaped the format and idiom of the British brass band. The standard instrumentation comes from their preferred combination of forces (...


Claus Røllum-Larsen

(Christian August)

(b Frederiksberg, 23 March, 1864; d Gentofte, Jan 22, 1936). Danish composer, pianist, conductor and teacher. He received early musical tuition from his father, the piano teacher and composer Christian Henrik Glass (1821–93), but it was probably his brief period of instruction from Gade that was particularly influential. Following cello studies with Albert Rüdinger and piano studies with Franz Neruda, Glass made his début in 1882 in the Tivoli Concert Hall as a cellist and pianist. In 1884 he moved to Brussels, where he studied at the conservatory with Juliusz Zarembski and Józef Wieniawski (piano), Joseph Servais (cello) and Hubert Ferdinand Kufferath (counterpoint); he left the conservatory in 1885, but continued to study with Wieniawski. He returned to Copenhagen and worked as a musician and teacher, but in 1889 travelled with funds granted from Det Anckerske Legat to Germany (where he met Reinecke in Leipzig), Austria, Estonia and Russia (where he visited Anton Rubinstein in St Petersburg)....


Gaynor G. Jones

(Georg Peter)

(b Rostock, Jan 14, 1812; d Hamburg, June 10, 1883). German composer, teacher, conductor and cellist, father of Hermann Grädener. He was brought up by relatives in Altona, where he studied the cello with Mattstedt; he also lived in Lübeck. After law studies in Halle and Göttingen (1832–3) he devoted himself to a career as a musician. He accepted his first position in 1835, as a solo cellist and quartet player in Helsinki. In 1838 he was appointed musical director to Kiel University, where he also conducted the choral union; on relinquishing this post in 1848, he moved to Hamburg as a private teacher, where he subsequently founded a concert and vocal academy (1851), directing it for ten years and obtaining the assistance of such artists as Joachim and Bülow. He also conducted the Altona Singakademie. After a period as professor of composition and singing at the conservatory (...