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Article

Paula Morgan

(b Philadelphia, July 8, 1899; d Philadelphia, July 6, 1984). American musicologist and music librarian. He studied Romance languages and literature at the University of Pennsylvania, where he received the BA in 1921, the MA in 1925 and the PhD in 1931, and at the University of Copenhagen from 1922 to 1923. He taught both French and music at the University of Pennsylvania from 1923 until 1970, when he retired as emeritus professor of music. From 1937 he was curator of the university library, which was renamed the Otto E. Albrecht Music Library on his retirement. He also held several government positions, serving on the Intergovernmental Committee on Refugees for Bavaria (1945–6), as chief of the publications section for the United States Military Government in Hesse (1947) and in Russia as specialist in musicology for the Department of State (1961).

Albrecht's historical interests included music in America to ...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b New York, Sept 2, 1906; d Brattleboro, VT, April 7, 2001). American music scholar and librarian. He was educated at the College of the City of New York, New York University, the Institute of Musical Art and the Mannes College of Music; his studies included the violin and chamber music with Louis Sveçenski, composition with Bernard Wagenaar and Hans Weisse, and musicology with Sachs and Reese. From 1931 to 1968 he worked in the music division of the New York Public Library as head of the Rare Book and Manuscript Collections, editor of music publications and curator of the Toscanini Memorial Archives; from 1950 to 1968 he taught at the Mannes College of Music. In 1968 he became director of libraries and a member of the faculty at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. He retired in 1976.

Beck’s principal fields of study were early string techniques and performing practice, textual analyses and criticism (see his ...

Article

Jiří Sehnal

(b Jarošov, nr Uherské Hradiště, Moravia, Feb 12, 1874; d Kroměříž, Aug 8, 1937). Czech historian and archivist. After studying at the theological faculty in Olomouc (1892–6), he was ordained priest in 1896; for two years he was a student prefect in the archiepiscopal seminary in Kroměříž. He began studying history in 1898 at the University of Innsbruck and took his doctorate there in 1903. On his return he taught history at the archiepiscopal Gymnasium in Kroměříž until 1924. He became librarian in the archbishop’s palace in Kroměříž in 1915 and archivist in 1921; he performed both functions with great zeal and devotion until his death.

From 1927 Breitenbacher began to build up the music archive in Kroměříž Castle, gradually acquiring the music collections of the Olomouc bishops between 1664 and 1831 and the musical archives of the churches of the Panna Marie and St Mořic at Kroměříž and the Piarist college there. The leading Czech music historians of the time, Helfert, Trolda and Vetterl, assisted him in classifying and cataloguing the music. The archives established by Breitenbacher have become a basic source for music of the Viennese cultural circle from ...

Article

Lyudmila Kovnatskaya

(b Mishelevka, Irkutsk region, Dec 12, 1921). Russian musicologist and archivist. She enrolled in the Oriental department of the Faculty of Philology at the University of Leningrad specializing in the ethnology of Central Asia, but her studies there were interrupted by World War II, during which time she saw active service in military hospitals. Graduating in 1948, she then studied ethnology and folk music with Gippius at the Miklukho-Maklaya Institute of Ethnology (1949–53), and was an occasional student at the Conservatory, where she studied with Druskin, Rubtsov, Ginzburg and Sergey Bogoyavlensky. She was a research assistant in the art history department of the Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnology at the Tajik SSR Academy of Sciences in Dushanbe (1953–8), and took part in expeditions to record the folk music of the mountain regions of the Tajik SSR. Returning to Leningrad in 1958, she was an assistant at the Institute for the History of the Arts (now the Zubov Institute for the History of the Arts) from ...

Article

Dennis Libby

revised by John Rosselli

(b San Giorgio Morgeto, Calabria, Oct 12, 1800; d Naples, Dec 18, 1888). Italian librarian, musicologist, teacher and composer. The varied activities of his career were dominated by a single theme: the preservation and glorification of the Neapolitan musical tradition. At 12 (or 15) he entered the Naples Conservatory, where he was a fellow student of Bellini, who became his closest friend and the object of his intense devotion. He was made archivist-librarian there in 1826 and (perhaps his most important achievement) acquired a large part of the library’s rich holdings. He also served as director of vocal concerts and singing teacher there. His widely praised Metodo di canto (Naples, ?1840; Milan, 1841–3, enlarged 3/?1861) was conservative in tendency, claiming to be based on the precepts of the castrato Crescentini, then director of the conservatory’s singing school, and intended to restore the ‘antico bello’ of ‘the only true tradition of Italian song’, that of Scarlatti, Porpora and Durante, which had been displaced by ‘la moda barocca’ of the present age. Florimo composed in all genres except the dramatic, but apart from a ...

Article

Donald Jay Grout

revised by Mary Wallace Davidson

(b New York, NY, Nov 27, 1878; d Orange, NJ, Sept 19, 1966). American musicologist, teacher, and librarian. He studied at the College of the City of New York (AB 1898), English and philosophy at the New York University (MA 1900), and music with edward Macdowell at Columbia University (1900–02); concurrently he was organist and choirmaster at the Chapel of the Incarnation (1898–1902) and taught in New York schools. He continued his study of music, literature, and philosophy (1902–9), with Robert Radecke at the Königliches Akademisches Institut für Kirchenmusik and with Oskar Fleischer, Max Friedländer, Hermann Kretzschmar, and Johannes Wolf at the Universität zu Berlin, taking the doctorate (a rare achievement for an American in a German university at the time) in 1909 with a dissertation on 16th-century organ and keyboard music. He was also organist and choirmaster of the American Church in Berlin (...

Article

Paula Morgan

(b Mount Airy, NC, Dec 23, 1932; d Chapel Hill, NC, February 26, 2014). American music librarian and musicologist . He attended the University of North Carolina (BA 1955, MA 1957, PhD 1962) and from 1955 was on the staff of the library there, first as a reference assistant and later (1961–76) as music librarian. In 1963 he joined the faculty of the music department, where he became professor of music in 1974 and chairman of the music department in 1976; posts he held until 1986. In 1987 he became chief of the music division of the Library of Congress. While there he was responsible for the acquisition of the personal papers of Irving Berlin, Leonard Bernstein, Artur Rubinstein and others. He expanded the concert programme to include jazz, and he established the Leonore S. Gershwin/Library of Congress Recording and Publishing Project. Pruett has been active in the AMS and the Music Library Association (president, ...

Article

Paula Morgan and Israel J. Katz

(b New York, Aug 8, 1905; d Washington, CT, Sept 19, 1994). American musicologist and music librarian. He took the BA and MA at Harvard University (1927 and 1928), and was also music critic for the Boston Transcript (1927–8). In 1930 he took the doctorate at Vienna University with a dissertation on Austro-Spanish relations in the 17th century, and then returned to the USA to join the history faculty of Columbia University (1931–5). In 1931 he was appointed chief of the music division of the New York Public Library, a position he held until his retirement in 1959, and where he developed an extensive collection of American music and conceived the idea of a ‘library-museum’, which was realized in 1965. From 1939 to 1967 he taught music and history at New York University and in 1967 he became director of the Spanish Institute, New York. Upon his retirement he, together with Ernesto da Cal, established the Brazilian Institute at New York University. From ...

Article

Marie McCarthy

(b Alton, IL, Oct 16, 1938). American music educator, scholar, librarian and archivist. He obtained degrees in music education from the University of Michigan (BM 1960, MM 1964, PhD 1973). He was hired by the University of Maryland, College Park in 1968 and served there until his retirement in 2004 as Librarian IV. He was assistant professor of music and curator of the Music Educators National Conference Historical Center (1968–79), curator of Special Collections in Music (1979–94), acting head of the Music Library (1994–5), and head of the Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library (1995–2004). As curator and archivist of Special Collections in Music, Wilson built a collection that encompassed a full spectrum of archival documentation for music education, performance, scholarship, and cultural history. Beginning in the mid-1990s, he led the transformation of the institution’s Music Library into the Michelle Smith Performing Arts Library, expanding the collections to incorporate the fields of dance and theatre. In his career as a librarian, he championed the development and maintenance of archival and special collections. In his professional and scholarly activity, he fostered the study of music education history, providing guidance and support for scholars in that field....